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healthy life years
Ondrák, Jan ; Langhamrová, Jitka (advisor) ; Krbcová, Daniela (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with life expectancy, healthy life years analysis in selected countries. The begining of this thesis is devoted to explanation of individual concepts, which are used in in this thesys, later it aids on healthy life years indicator and its calculation methods, meaning and usi in practice. It ges on with hypotheses verifying or returning influence of natural, demographic, biological, socio-economic phenomena on healthy life years in selected countries. These countries are: Bulgaria, Czechia, Denmark, Estonia, Ireland, Portugal, Slovenia, Finland, Island, Norway. Comparsion was made from the point of view of the EU 27/28 average, individual type sof disability were also evaluated.
Projection of the population of the Czech Republic in various migration scenarios
Kubínková, Tereza ; Fiala, Tomáš (advisor) ; Langhamrová, Jitka (referee)
This bachelor thesis based on projection of the population of the Czech Republic aims to demonstrate the influence of various migration scenarios on the population. Its goal is to find out whether the migration may replace natural decline of the population and prevent gradual aging of the population. The thesis concludes that positive migration balance is essential for sustaining the size of the population and the number of live births. Nonetheless, even high migration cannot prevent gradual aging of the population.
Development and comparison of population census results of the Czech Republic and selected countries
Javorská, Kateřina ; Antovová, Michaela (advisor) ; Langhamrová, Jitka (referee)
The Bachelor's thesis is concerning to comparing of census of the Czech Republic and selected countries in Europe. The thesis contains twelve chapters, which include introduction, theoretical and practical part and conclusion. Theoretical part describes methods and collection of datas of census. It characterizes the history of evolution of census since ancient times till the last one which took place in 2011. Practical part targets to comparing of selected countries, such as Czech Republic, Switzerland, Norway, Romania and Portugal. There is description of last census in this countries and the used methods. Each country was compared according to demographical structure, economical activities, employment, unemployment and according to the three types of education. Prognostic part suggests possible methods and collection of datas for future census.
The state of health of people in the Czech Republic
Gvoždiaková, Alžběta ; Langhamrová, Jitka (advisor) ; Krbcová, Daniela (referee)
The bachelor thesis focuses on the state of health of people in the Czech Republic. Health is one of the most important values in human life so that is why we need to pay it increased attention. The thesis concentrates on three specifically areas. The first, theoretical part concerns the definition of key terms relate with the state of health such as health, the determinant of health, the types of prevention, the analysis and monitoring of the state of health. The next part engages to European Health Examination Survey (EHES) that was organised in the Czech Republic in 2014. The survey focuses primarily on risk factors of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, diabetes and overweight, and lifestyle risk factors such as smoking, physical activity and eating habits. The thesis aim at a detailed discription of the measured results of this survey. The last part focuses at the development of selected demographic indicators of the state of health of people.
Phenomenon singles in the Czech Republic from the data point of the research agencies
Kunc, Daniel ; Langhamrová, Jitka (advisor) ; Kleňhová, Michaela (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with the phenomenon singles and its development after 1989 in the territory of the Czech Republic. The implications of the phenomenon singles began gradually to appear after 2000. Theoretical part of the thesis contains explanation of concepts, possible causes of formation of this phenomenon, which in the recent past influenced the demographic indicators closely related to singles. Following practical part describes demographic indicators connected with phenomenon singles using graphs and carto diagrams based on data from the Czech Statistical Office. Also, the socio-economic data from research agency Median, s.r.o. and their research MML-TGI, which better capture the current development of phenomenon singles are shown. The conclusion is whether the hypotheses have been confirmed or refuted.
Position of women on the labour market in the Czech Republic in international comparison
Uhrin Tokhyan, Ani ; Nývlt, Ondřej (advisor) ; Langhamrová, Jitka (referee)
This diploma thesis is focused on position of women on the labour market in the Czech Republic. By descriptive analysis of data relating to employment, unemployment, specific form of work and other indicators, character of Czech labour market is described. There is also a part devoted to State aid for parents with small children, facilities providing childcare and job opportunity for mothers on the labour market. The thesis also includes comparison of selected indicators, which describe situation on the labour market and family policy in chosen countries of western and northern Europe. Possibility to ensure work-life balance is considered to be the main aspect of this topic. The issue of women's position on the labour market is not examined only from gender point of view.
Unpaid housework and its impact on the labour market in the Czech republic
Daňová, Lenka ; Langhamrová, Jitka (advisor) ; Miskolczi, Martina (referee)
This thesis aims to find out the range of unpaid work in the Czech Republic and whether there are significant gender differences in the terms of unpaid work. This target was reached by evaluating experience from abroad, specifically from the research of OECD, research of HETUS and research based on a survey in the Slovakia in 2011. Measure of unpaid work in the Czech Republic was determined by present surveys, but was mainly based on my own survey. The thesis also contains a theoretical part that specifies the importance and influence of unpaid work. Gender inequalities in society but mainly in the labour market were also specified. This thesis summarises past results of surveys that addressed the topic of unpaid work. The main asset of my work is the research in the Czech Republic, which is directly focused on the range of unpaid work as there only had been series of research that dealt with unpaid work briefly. Another benefit of this work is proposing possible amendments because the assumption that women spend more time on unpaid work than men was confirmed. These changes could help to compensate the inequality.
Marriage and Parenthood in the Czech Republic in New Economic Conditions
Čechalová, Kateřina ; Langhamrová, Jitka (advisor) ; Miskolczi, Martina (referee)
This thesis deals with the relation between marriage and parenthood in the Czech Republic. The main object is to explore changes in the family behavior of young generations and to analyze the related demographic processes of fertility and nuptality. Special attention is paid to marital, extramarital and premarital fertility. The thesis searches for the answer of the question if the marital surroundings are still unique for the child upbringing or if the economic and value changes of the society after 1989 broke the traditional family formation. Another important object is to perform a cluster analysis. Czech districts are divided into the clusters, which are made to describe the current situation. The last part demonstrates the results of the quantitative survey, which helps to find out the public attitudes about family life.
Determinants of Fertility and Regional Differentiation of Fertility in the Czech Republic after 1991
Kurkin, Roman ; Šídlo, Luděk (advisor) ; Rychtaříková, Jitka (referee) ; Langhamrová, Jitka (referee)
Determinants of Fertility and Regional Differentiation of Fertility in the Czech Republic after 1991 Abstract Dissertation mainly focuses on the factors that affect the level of fertility in the Czech Republic during the extensive changes in reproductive behavior since the 90s of the 20th century to the present. Pivotal analytical parts are conducted on two levels. On an individual level, the work uses data from the 2011 Population and Housing Census and models the number of children ever-born to a woman and the number of dependent children within the private household in relation to the determinants of fertility. Determinants of fertility of a partner are also included. The Total Fertility Rate at the aggregate district level is used as the dependent variable, which is determined by the factors of regional differentiation of the transversal fertility. The issue of determinants of fertility is complemented by general analysis of trends of transversal and cohort fertility rates, differential cohort fertility by various characteristics and the regional aspect. Methodological issues of population censuses, different indicators of fertility and approach to analysis at different scales are also widely discussed. Level of cohort fertility of women beyond the reproductive age was for the first time in the history...

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2 Langhamrová, Jana
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