National Repository of Grey Literature 5 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Fertility development in the USA
Fialová, Lucie ; Kurtinová, Olga (advisor) ; Kuprová, Barbora (referee)
Fertility development in the USA Abstract The aim of this theses is to analyse the development of a fertility rate in the USA. As a tool for this analysis I am using the following indicators: total fertility rate, age specific fertility rate and mean age at birth. The population of United States of America is very heterogeneous therefore it is important to take the racial and ethnic differentiation into account when analysing fertility. Every racial/ethnic group is unique and has its own demographic behaviour. Because the fertility rate also varies in different states, this work has one part on regional differences in fertility rate. This theses also includes a chapter on demographic theories, such as the first and second demographic transition and the lowest-low fertility. Theories describe and explain changes in reproductive behaviour of the population. Keywords: Age specific fertility rate, total fertility rate, mean age at birth
Development of child and maternal mortality in Zambia and Zimbabwe in the context of the Millennium Development Goals
Masná, Eliška ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (advisor) ; Kuprová, Barbora (referee)
Development of child and maternal mortality in the context of the Millennium Development Goals Abstract The aim of this thesis is to evaluate the development of the level of child and maternal mortality in Zambia and Zimbabwe and compare this development with the Millennium Development Goals. The analysis is performed by calculating infant mortality rate, under-5 mortality rate and maternal mortality ratio from DHS and then these values are compared with results of other organizations, such as the UN. The level of health care, structure of causes of deaths and historical and political situation with emphasis on the state's population are also described. Based on the resulting values we can conclude that none of the analyzed countries does meet the selected targets. The level of child and maternal mortality was improved in Zambia. On the other hand, in Zimbabwe values fluctuate and there was also an increase in the level of child mortality. Keywords: infant mortality, child mortality, maternal mortality, health care, surveys, Millennium Development Goals, MDGs, Zimbabwe, Zambia
Attitudes towards unmarried mothers and their children in the Czech lands from a historical perspective
Kuprová, Barbora ; Hamplová, Dana (advisor) ; Šubrt, Jiří (referee)
The intention of this study is to approximate the attitude to children born out of marriage and their mothers in the years 1750-1849. The nominal excerpts from parish registers were used to find numbers of births and proportion of illegitimate children at the manor of Škvorec, the area located at the eastern border of Prague. The proportion of children born out of marriage is compared with contemporaneous regulations that could influence attitudes and behavior of contemporary society. The study also investigates the social status of born children, their fathers and godfathers. The results show that the position of unmarried mothers and their children has improved in the followed period. The results suggest that many unmarried mothers already lived with their partners in the companienate marriage in that time.
Population development at the manor of Škvorec at the turn of 18th and 19th century
Kuprová, Barbora ; Fialová, Ludmila (advisor) ; Maur, Eduard (referee)
Population development at the manor of Škvorec at the turn of 18th and 19th century Abstract The intention of this study is to analyze the development of natural change of population at the manor of Škvorec at the turn of 18th and 19th century (nuptiality and fertility in the years 1780-1819 and mortality in the years 1780-1869) and to characterize the basic demographic indicators. The nominal excerpts from parish registers was made to find numbers of births, marriages and deaths. Family reconstitution method (based on marriges from the years 1780-1819) was used for these data. The development of natural change at the manor is compared with the results of studies developed for the localities of the Czech lands and particularly with the development of the parish Lochenice and at Budyně nad Ohří. The conclusions mostly confirmed the development in the Czech lands. Comparison with results of Budyně nad Ohří confirmed the different population development in urban and rural areas. Keywords: development of natural change, parish registers, family reconstitution, manor of Škvorec.
Children born out of marriage at the turn 18th and 19th centuries at the manor of Škvorec
Kuprová, Barbora ; Fialová, Ludmila (advisor) ; Bartoňová, Dagmar (referee)
The intention of this study is to analyze the change of the number of children born out of marriage at the manor of Škvorec during the period 1750-1849. The excerpts from parish registers was made to find number of children born out of marriage, their proportion of total births, their distribution by place of birth, seasonality and characteristics of their parents. The development of the number of illegitimate children at the manor is compared with the development in the Czech lands and at neighboring manor of Kostelec nad Černými lesy. The conclusion is that the proportion of children born out of marriage at the manor Škvorec as well as at neighboring manor increased from the twenties of the 19th century which was twenty years earlier than in the Czech lands on average. This increase was also more steep and disappeared sooner.

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