National Repository of Grey Literature 23 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The research of wooden dowel-type connectors
Kunecký, Jiří ; Hasníková, Hana ; Hataj, M. ; Milch, J. ; Tyrová, M. ; Suchomelová, P.
The carpentry joints, some of them secured by wooden connectors, are part of historical timber roof structures. Originally, a wooden dowel rather secured the position of timber elements in a joint than transferring loads (e.g. dovetail joints). But in some joints it can also transfer the forces between the structural members, therefore its behaviour influences the stiffness and load-bearing capacity of the whole structure directly. This type of connectors can be used nowadays as well; while reconstructions, a new timber building construction, or manufacturing individual structural timber elements (e.g. panels). Current technical standards do not prescribe a suitable computing procedure for the joints with wooden connectors. Moreover, a complex failure criteria for various fibre directions are missing. The article introduces an ongoing project, whose ambition is to cover the knowledge gap.
Wooden joints with wooden connectors viewed from dialectic perspective
Kunecký, Jiří ; Hasníková, Hana ; Kloiber, Michal
The paper deals with a critical evaluation of a technology of conservation of decayed wooden structures, especially using the technology of wooden joints equipped with wooden connectors. This technology is nowadays widespread among the people working in the field pf protection of cultural heritage. The main aim was to address price, safety issues, understanding of the principals and contexts of this type of technology. Rational arguments are used to eradicate the myths present in this area and put the light of ratio to debate on this issue.
Creep behavior of oak pegs under tension in dry and wet conditions
Kunecký, Jiří ; Kloiber, Michal ; Hasníková, Hana ; Hrivnák, Jaroslav ; Sebera, V. ; Tippner, J. ; Milch, J.
Carpentry joints equipped with oak pegs are well suited for applications where increased moisture is not a significant factor. However, for the use in outside conditions, e.g. in the repairs of historical timber bridges, the pegs connecting the two halves of the joint may deform and change their original shape. This happens especially during long-term loading and can be augmented significantly by environmental changes. Creep behavior can play a crucial role for some types of carpentry joints, especially when precise contacts of faces in the joint are required. The paper deals with experimental testing of creep behavior of 16 mm oak pegs under dry and wet conditions loaded by the combination of shear and bending between two planks made of spruce in the direction parallel to grain. The results show that the decrease of theoretical stiffness values over time plays a significant role in the force redistribution in the joint especially due to moisture effects (drop 50-70% of the original stiffness).
Mechanical analysis of scarf joint fastened using cylindrical wooden dowel
Tippner, J. ; Milch, J. ; Kunecký, Jiří ; Kloiber, Michal ; Brabec, M. ; Sebera, V.
Traditional all-wooden woodworking joints play an important role in the behaviour of timber structures. These joints are also widely used when historically valuable constructions are being reconstructed and the connections are usually the masterpieces that testify to the high carpentry skills and knowledges of the overall mechanical behaviour. Within historical timber structures traditional carpentry joints were used while wooden dowel fixed mutual position of elements. Main aim of this study was to contribute to knowledge base about prediction and analysis of the mechanical performance of frequently used scarf joints made from spruce wood fastened using oak dowels. The objectives were to determine the joints' slip moduli and load-carrying capacity by means of theoretical and experimental approaches, in next to assess the mechanical behaviour of dowels through experimental investigation, and finally to perform a strain analysis of dowels. For these purposes, the optical technique employing three-dimensional full-field digital image correlation was used. The experiments were done on the full-scale specimens meeting the requirements of European standards (EN 383 and EN 26891), which were made from Norway spruce (Picea abies L. Karst.) and English oak (Quercus robur L.). The mechanical load consisted in tensile parallel and perpendicular to grain direction within the main components. The results of this study showed good correlation between theoretical approach based on based on Beam on Elastic Foundation theory and European yield model theory and experimental observations.
The Cloak Bridge in Český Krumlov – measuring of mechanical properties
Kloiber, Michal ; Sebera, V. ; Hrivnák, Jaroslav ; Tippner, J. ; Kunecký, Jiří
Timber bridges are often exposed to harsh conditions of the environment. The exposure of the timber structure often leads to its deterioration. Standard test procedures to determine typical properties of wood cannot be used as there is the requirement of the minimum interference with the structure. Several non-destructive testing (NDT) methods for the determination of timber condition have been developed and are used. However, the results of NDT can be used to predict mechanical properties of timber elements only to a limited degree. Semi-destructive testing (SDT) methods are a compromise. In the paper a functional model of a device that allows for the measurement of conventional strength and modulus of deformation of timber in compression parallel to the grain is presented. The device is inserted to a bored hole and pushes the jaws apart with a small test jack loading the bore walls. This paper presents possible use of the device for surveys of timber bridges.
Analysis of mini-jack technique for in situ measurement of strength
Kloiber, Michal ; Tippner, J. ; Kunecký, Jiří ; Sebera, V. ; Milch, J. ; Hrivnák, Jaroslav
The paper presents a recently developed diagnostic technique for in situ determination of modulus of deformability (MODL) and conventional strength (CSL) parallel to the grain using the mini-jack inserted in bored hole. The mini-jack compression technique simulates the standard compression test, it is compared to that to examine its prediction strength (correlation coefficients). The paper shows an influence of moisture content of wood on experimental measurements using this technique. The measurement was carried out at spruce samples at three moisture contents of 12, 18 and 24%. The results of the tests prove a very good correlation of the strength determined by the proposed technique and wood density and strength determined at universal testing machine in compression parallel to the grain. The effect of the moisture content on the measurement by the mini-jack technique was proved to be significant. Beside that, the newly-developed instrument was also studied using digital image correlation (DIC) technique to analyze induced strains around the bored hole. This was studied on halved spruce samples. The DIC revealed symmetric character of the loading and significant differences between strains induced in tangential and longitudinal directions.
Včelaření jako terapeutická aktivita v sociální práci
Kunecký, Jiří ; Hubertová, Lucie (advisor) ; Čihánková, Ivana (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with beekeeping. It understands this activity not only in the first meaning, the agricultural activity itself, but it tries to show it as an option for psychological and social growth. The work tries to sketch out its dissemination in social farms, sheltered workshops, psychiatric clinics and gardens as well as on roofs in cities. Many case studies which took place here in the Czech Republic as well as in other countries are mentioned more deeply in the text. Surprisingly, such kind of beekeeping could be described as a trend of young people, especially in urban areas. The thesis wants to depict advantages and disadvantages of this therapeutic activity with special interest in description of its influence on the behavior of the people involved in the activity. Beekeeping as a social activity could grow in near future and may become one of the common methods used in zootherapy. However, the group of people interested in the kind of therapy is specific and should be described more in detail. It is the purpose of this work to do so. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Survey report on the condition assessment of the Church of the Holy Spirit truss in Telč
Kloiber, Michal ; Bláha, Jiří ; Hrivnák, Jaroslav ; Buzek, Jaroslav ; Kunecký, Jiří ; Hasníková, Hana
The survey described in this report contains the condition assessment of the truss of the Church of Holy Spirit in Telč. The stimulus for the survey report was an order from the parochial congregation ČCE in Telč. The order included a request to assess the condition and identify the extent of wood-decaying damage to the truss of the Church of the Holy Spirit in Telč, focusing on the location of the critical spots, the classification of the damage degree, the determination of the extent of hidden damage using non-destructive devices, and the specification of the wood damage cause, including drawing of the results in the documentation on the current truss condition. Based on the results, specific procedures of repair measures were proposed and the elements proposed for the reconstruction were sketched in the documentation.
Lapped scarf joints for reconstruction of historical structures
Kunecký, Jiří ; Fajman, P. ; Hasníková, Hana ; Kuklík, P. ; Kloiber, Michal ; Sebera, V. ; Tippner, J.
This paper presents a description of the repair of timber structures using a prosthesis scarf\njoint designed for the replacement of damaged parts of beams. This new scarf joint makes use\nof the strutting effect of inclined contact faces where the forces are transmitted through\nwooden coupling elements - wooden dowels or keys. The scarf can be modified in four\nvariants according to the relevant stress and is suitable for historically valuable timber\nstructures. It meets both functional and aesthetic requirements. The designer - structural\nengineer will learn in the methods the load bearing capacity or stiffness of the beam with the\ndesigned joint, its recommended dimensions and detailed geometry. The contractor will\nappreciate the description of the execution and maintenance of the joint.
The use of carpentry joints for the repair of historical structures
Kloiber, Michal ; Kunecký, Jiří ; Hasníková, Hana ; Sebera, V. ; Tippner, J. ; Fajman, P. ; Růžička, P. ; Stejskal, D.
The conservation process describes the way of using prosthesis lap scarf carpentry joints for reconstruction of historical timber structures. This new scarf joint makes use of the strutting effect of inclined contact faces where the forces are transmitted through wooden coupling elements - wooden dowels or keys. The process consists of several chapters describing the diagnostics of original wood and the repaired structure, the design of the joint and execution of the joint. It also includes examples of succesful reconstruction made with according to this conservation process.
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