National Repository of Grey Literature 83 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The effect of planned bowel resection on mobility and quality of life take care
Dvořáková, Dominika ; Kulhavá, Miluše (advisor) ; Jankovcová, Kateřina (referee)
Introduction: Thesis is focused on monitoring of the quality of life of the patients, who undego planned bowel resection. Czech population is over a long period weighted by malign disease of colorectum. Patients with this diagnosis undergo efective procedure of surgical remove of tumour. With this surgical intervention is also connected with follow-up hospitalization at the unit of intensive care, which can be a great load for patient and can affect the return into the common life and its quality. Methodology: The methodology of the research is the monitoring study. To this study there were put these, who passed planned bowel resection because of the occurence of colorectal tumor, in the period from May 2018 - January 2019. To gain data we use the questionnaire of the quality of life (SF-36), the questionnaire evaluated anxiety status and depression (HADS), evaluating the level of fatigue (MAF), the questionnaire evaluating the basic daily activities (ADL, IADL) and tests to evaluace the physical aktivity (30-Second Chair Stand Test, 6-MWT - six minutes walking test). To compare the quality of life a the physical aktivity, we use three time periods - T1 (the period before hospitalization), T2 (the period of discharge from the hospital), T3 (the period after 3 months from the surgical intervention)....
Return to life and its quality in patients after acute intestinal resection
Radošová, Alena ; Kulhavá, Miluše (advisor) ; Pucholtová, Romana (referee)
Introduction: Quality of life is a long-term goal in nursing care. Nursing care in improving the quality of life should focus not only on physical aspects, but especially on support to return to everyday life, managing daily activities, at least to the extent that the patient has been able to handle them before staying at hospital. Methodology: The aim of the work was to evaluate the quality of life of patients before and after staying in ICU with a focus on patients after acute surgery associated with intestinal resection. The research sample consisted of patients who underwent acute surgery associated with intestinal resection and ICU staying. Quality of life was assessed before hospitalization and 3 months after discharging from the ICU. We have chosen SOFA, APACHE scoring systems to obtain data. The quality of life before hospitalization was evaluated by SF-36 and ADL, IADL questionnaires for daily activities. In the ICU dismission, the patients completed HADS (anxiety, depression), MAF (fatigue) questionnaires, 6-minute walk and sit / stand test. After the third month of convalescence, patients completed questionnaires: SF-36, IADL, ADL, HADS, MAF and 6. minute walk and sit / stand test. Results: 38 patients were evaluated. We found a significant difference in the development of all observed...
The Treatment Of The Acute Ischemic Stroke Process Management In Relation To The "Door-to-Needle Time" Median
Žák, Radek ; Heczková, Jana (advisor) ; Kulhavá, Miluše (referee)
This thesis deals with a part of the treatment process in patients with acute ischemic stroke. Specifically, it examines the time interval from patient entry to a healthcare facility to initiation of treatment with intravenous thrombolysis - so called Door-to- Needle Time. The theoretical part describes the stroke and its division according to etiology. Furthermore, there are summarized clinical studies that have taken place in the world since the 1960s to the present, the development of care for patients with stroke in Czech Republic, recommended procedures of professional organizations in Czech Republic and the identification and management of treatment of stroke patients. In conclusion, the theoretical part summarizes the studies focused on the reduction of the Door-to-Needle Time, which took place in the world and in the Czech Republic. The aim of the practical part is to evaluate work procedures and conditions of health teams of individual stroke centers and to identify causes of Door-to-Needle Time median differences. The chosen method of research is a quantitative questionnaire survey in the form of an online Google Forms questionnaire sent to the leading members of these teams. Based on the research results, factors affecting reduction of Door-to-Needle Time median consists in to deepen and...
History of nursing professionals in pediatrics
Risplerová, Miroslava ; Špičáková, Magdaléna (advisor) ; Kulhavá, Miluše (referee) ; Hocková, Jana (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with the origin and historical development of nursing staff in pediatrics. It slightly touches into the present and compares some historical sections along with it. The aim of the work is to map the development of nursing workers from the beginning to the present, to point out their living conditions and to offer an overview of the events that helped to this development. The work is theoretical. A qualitative research survey was carried out to achieve the goal and a content analysis of the data was performed. Her work was based on historical and contemporary literature, Czech legislation, articles and monographs. The introduction of the thesis is devoted to defining concepts such as pediatrics and nursing in pediatrics. It also describes the attitude of the child in society across the time period and the reason for the need to create nursing staff directly devoted to children. The chronological development of nursing staff, history of education and living conditions are described. The result of the thesis is to provide a comprehensive overview of the development of nursing staff, to point to dramatic development especially in the 19th century and to compare with the current state. Keywords: History of pediatrics - specialized institutes - pediatric hospitals - nursing -...
Obtaining informed consents during admission of patients in the intensive care unit
Kesmanová, Veronika ; Kulířová, Veronika (advisor) ; Kulhavá, Miluše (referee)
The process of acquiring informed consents from patients belongs to one of the everyday activities of hospital personnel. The duty of submitting informed consent forms to patients is mostly in competence of the doctors. Nurses, however, are present during the entirety of patients' medical care and should be acquainted with all aspects of the informed consent. The process of acquiring the informed consents from patients admitted to intensive care unit (hereinafter ICU) is connected with a multitude of difficulties. The method of statistical analysis of data acquired by the questionnaire construction method was used for this quantitative research. 99 respondents participated in the questionnaire construction. The research took place within one hospital at chosen ICUs. The main goal of this thesis is to evaluate the process of acquiring informed consents from patients from the point of view of nurses and to identify the main issues connected with signing of informed consents. The results of the research show that patients are adequately informed by their physicians before signing the informed consents. Poor medical condition of patients admitted to ICUs may be seen as one of the main issues during the signing of informed consents. The research further shows that 50% of patients don't read the text of...
Education of patients with homocystinuria
Paterová, Terezie ; Kulhavá, Miluše (advisor) ; Kulířová, Veronika (referee)
My bachelor thesis deals with the issue of education of patients and parents of underage patients with homocystinuria. It focuses on the nursing role of a nurse in a metabolic ambulance, where these patients are dispensarized. The theoretical part describes inherited metabolic disorders (IMD), especially homocystinuria, and characterizes general education as well as education aimed at patients with homocystinuria. The practical part was realized by questionnaire survey of patients and parents (legal representatives) of minors by anonymous non-standardized questionnaire of my own composition. The criterion for addressing and selecting respondents was the confirmed diagnosis of homocystinuria. Due to the small incidence (1:83 000) of this disease in the Czech Republic (CR), there were twenty respondents. The aim of the research was to find out if these patients are sufficiently educated and if the patients prefer other forms of education in this area than they have been used to date. The individual results of research were analyzed and presented in the form of graphs and tables. The results of the questionnaire survey showed that education is realized in a comprehensible form, and patients consider education as an important part of the treatment. Patients were satisfied with the form, course and...
Complications of systemic thrombolysis in patients with stroke
Drbohlavová, Šárka ; Di Cara, Veronika (advisor) ; Kulhavá, Miluše (referee)
Strokes are one of the most serious diseases that often lead to permanent disability and in some cases even to death. Currently, widely available treatment by intravenous thrombolysis is recommended. The objectives of this diploma thesis are to analyse complications that may arise for patients with iCMP treated by intravenous system thrombolysis, to define the role of a nurse in ICU in terms of taking care of this group of patients, and to map all the factors influencing the result of the treatment. In order to obtain the data necessary, combined research method has been applied. The quantitative part was retrospectively evaluated based on SITS Registry data. The research part comprised of patients, to whom IVT was applied between January 2014 and December 2015. The subjects of the analysis were treatment complications, gender of patients treated by IVT, risk factors present, time data, and heaviness of the deficit before the treatment and after. Furthermore, we observed where is the patient released to after IVT and how many patients are able to stay in home environments three months after the treatment. Qualitative part of the investigation was evaluated based on half-structured interviews with the nurses working in ICUs for highly specialized care for patients with stroke. We observed their...
Women's awareness of the abortion-related issues.
Bittnerová, Laura ; Kulhavá, Miluše (advisor) ; Šimonová, Daniela (referee)
The main aim of my bachelor thesis is to find out how well women are informed about the issue of artificial termination of pregnancy. The thesis is divided into the theoretical and practical part. In the theoretical part, I briefly defined the term "abortion", described an evolution of abortion in the context of history in general and in the Czech Republic in particular. I also presented basic views on abortion, abortion methods, described post-abortive syndrome, and recommended fundamental steps that a woman should follow after termination of pregnancy. I gained this information by studying professional literature. In the practical part, I listed six selected partial goals and formulated questions related to them, which are stated in evaluation questionnaire. Then I evaluated the research within the framework of these partial goals on the basis of answers which I had received. As a method of collecting data for the practical part of the bachelor thesis, I used an internet questionnaire survey. I processed the data using tables and charts. The research results show that most women have some knowledge about the problem of abortion, for example, most women know what ways to perform an abortion exist, and they are also well aware of the risks and complications that may arise alongside this procedure....
Delivery injuries of women during vaginal delivery from midwife's point of view.
Fabiánová, Pavlína ; Kulhavá, Miluše (advisor) ; Jurigová, Gabriela (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with the issue of birth injuries of woman during vaginal delivery. The aim of this thesis was to summarize the knowledge of anatomy of birth canal and the issue of birth injuries. The aim in practical part of the thesis was to find out how is the awareness of woman about this issue, which birth injuries are the most frequent or whether had the preparation of perineum impact to formation ofbirth injuries. Theoretical part briefly describes the anatomy of birth canal, this range is in my opinion sufficient for midwives. There are also described particular kinds of birth injuries and its treatment. Care about birth injuries in puerperium was also described in theoretical part. Particular kinds of prevention of perineum to delivery were also part of theoretical part. In practical part I worked with informations, that I gained from quantitative questionnaire, which was taking place in departements of puerperium in Gynekologicko- porodnická klinika 1. lékařské fakulty a Univerzity Karlovy v Praze. The research shows, that the most common delivery injury is episiotomy and rupture. The research did not confirm whether the preparation of perineum to delivery has an impact on the occurance of delivery injuries but these results are attributed to the nature of the department in...
View of woman in labor on the role father during pregnancy and childbirth.
Honetschlägerová, Lucie ; Kulhavá, Miluše (advisor) ; Kolek, Petr (referee)
The theme of my thesis is to look at the role of the father in the expectant mothers during pregnancy and in childbirth. The work is divided into a theoretical part and a practical part. The theoretical section discusses briefly the history of this issue, the preparations during pregnancy on a totally different life, what is the importance of psychoprofylaktické courses, the positives and negatives of the father's presence at birth and what are the roles of the partner for the birth. The main aim of the practical part was to determine whether active or passive help partner during pregnancy affect the mental state of women, whether partners visit antenatal courses, how to evaluate the presence of partner expectant mothers at delivery, what roles meet partner at birth and that the joint participation at birth should affect their relationship. To achieve the aims of quantitative research method has been selected in the form of a questionnaire survey. The questionnaires were handed out to women who have had a partner at birth. Research has found that most of the surveyed women cannot complain about the lack of attention on the part of the partners, whether it's about pregnancy is wanted or unwanted. The research also shows that all in all the surveyed women was the presence of the father at birth the...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 83 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
1 Kulhavá, Marcela
2 Kulhavá, Markéta
1 Kulhavá, Michaela
1 Kulhavá, Miroslava
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