National Repository of Grey Literature 172 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Legal regulation of natural persons in the General Civil Code and in the current Civil Code
Stromšík, Jakub ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Gábriš, Tomáš (referee) ; Frinta, Ondřej (referee)
Legal regulation of natural persons in the Civil Code of Austria and in the current Civil Code of the Czech Republic Abstract This dissertation thesis brings a comprehensive historical perspective on the development of the concept of a person in the legal sense in the territory of the Czech lands. A great part of the thesis deals with the philosophical definition of this term and examines the natural legal bases of this issue. Emphasis is placed on the comparison of the legal regulation of natural persons in the Civil Code of Austria (ABGB) which was enacted in 1811 and the Czech Civil Code from 2012. The authors of the new Civil Code designate as the ideological source of the recodification the draft of the Czechoslovak Civil Code from 1937, which was de facto modern revision of the ABGB, so it is important to take into account the relevant ABGB provisions when interpreting the new Civil Code. It is also important to take into account the historical origins of these provisions, while also examining how their interpretation has evolved over time. In this dissertation thesis there is also quite a large space devoted to the issue of personality protection. Some of the most important provisions of the new Czech Civil Code and the Civil Code of Austria are again compared. Great attention is paid to the...
Legal and Historical Background of Shortcomings and Problems of State Property Privatization after 1989
Šorf, Jiří ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Vochozka, Marek (referee) ; Soukup, Ladislav (referee)
v anglickém jazyce Legal and Historical Background of Shortcomings and Problems of State Property Privatization after 1989 The Doctoral Thesis provides a comprehensive analysis of the legal - historical background of the shortcomings and problems of the process of privatization of state property after 1989 in the Czechoslovak (Czech) Republic in relation to each of the fundamental privatization methods - i.e. small privatization, large privatization (inl. coupon privatization) and restitution. The Doctoral Thesis introduces the historical context of the adoption of relevant legal norms, then provides a detailed legal analysis of their shortcomings and focuses on problems induced by their application. With regards to the identified shortcomings and problems, the Doctoral Thesis analyzes the forms of their mitigation; i.e. addresses the not only the amendments of the respective privatization legal acts, but also the decisions of the general courts as well as the Constitutional court which contributed to their righteous interpretation. Despite the fact that from the time perspective, the first half of 90- s is the decisive period for the Doctoral Thesis, one can identify several overlaps until the present time given by the inconclusive character of several privatization processes. The remarkable...
The so called 'operation Kulak'and its impact in the districts Chrudim and Hlinsko
Blažek, Lukáš ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Salák, Pavel (referee) ; Rákosník, Jakub (referee)
The so called 'operation Kulak' and its impact in the districts Chrudim and Hlinsko Abstract The submitted doctoral thesis analyses the problem of a violent phase of collectivization in Czechoslovakia in the 1950's, with a particular focus on the so called 'Operation Kulak.' In the first part, the author analyses the historical background of collectivization and therefore at first provides with significant milestones in the history of Czechoslovakia. He focuses mainly on the development after the Second World War, with a particular aim to inquire into the relation of land confiscation made on the ground of Czechoslovakian president's decrees. Specific attention is also paid to the fundamental regulations, which are connected either with the agricultural production, land ownership, or with the violent phase of collectivization. Moreover, the author introduces 'Operation Kulak' nationwide. He gives a detailed description of the preparation of the most significant events linked to the above-mentioned operation, including pretexts for its implementation known as 'Babice case' (1951). 'Operation Kulak' was prepared in the highest ranks of the Czechoslovak Communist Party with an involvement of closest collaborators of Klement Gottwald. This operation was aimed against wealthy and medium sized farmers including...
Legal biennal and the activity of political comittee in 1948-1950
Frantalová, Anna ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Rákosník, Jakub (referee) ; Vojáček, Ladislav (referee)
Legal biennal and the activity of political comittee in 1928-1950 The dissertation deals with the activities and composition of the Political Commission of the Ministry of Justice and its role in the recodification work during the so-called legal biennial, ie in the period 1948-1950. During this period, new legislation was created in all major branches of the law and resulted in a complete reconstruction of Czechoslovak law. The aim of the present work is to study and approach the work of the political commission in the course of the recodification work, including its insertion into the deeper context of the re-codification in the Czechoslovak Republic, and to demonstrate that the political commission has in fact and fundamentally influenced the final form of these legal regulations. Given that the concepts of codecs elaborated in the preceding period became the basis for the recodification work during the legal biennial period, the first part of the dissertation is devoted to these previous attempts to recodify the main branches of law in the 1920s and 1930s and their outcomes in the form of curricula of the individual codes. In the next part the attention is paid to the legal two-year legal. In the first place, the author discusses in general its legal anchoring and publication, as well as the...
A History of Criminal Law in the Czech Lands in 1848-1989
Jablonický, Tomáš ; Kuklík, Jan (referee)
1 Summary Dissertation builds an objective, transparent, systematic and yet concise interpretation of the history of criminal law in the Czech lands in 1848-1989. The aim of this work is, however, not only to chronologically present the most important criminal codes, but also to tell a parallel story of criminal law science and criminology, which to a bigger or lesser degree substantially influenced the development of criminal law and criminal legislation. Therefore, this work also includes biographical and bibliographical profiles of leading Czech educators, criminal law scientists and criminologists - the founders and pioneers of Czech and Czechoslovak criminal law science, whose lives have been closely linked with the complicated socio-political events of the given historical period. History of criminal law shows a strong interconnection of criminal law and policy, which consequently causes the criminal law without proper criminal law science and criminology to be the most politically affected branch of law. For this dissertation is symptomatic the search for critical causes and factors that lead to progress or, on the contrary, to the decline of criminal law. In such moments, the criminal law science and criminology emerge again, naturally and clearly, from a scientific analysis of historical events of...
Confiscation in 1945 - 1948 - activities of extraordinary people's courts in individual regions
Feniková, Petra ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Šouša, Jiří (referee)
Confiscation in 1945 - 1948 - activities of extraordinary people's courts in individual regions Abstract This work discuses confiscation of immovable and movable property after the Second World War according to Decrees by President Edvard Beneš (The Beneš Decrees) and also retributive justice, which was executed chiefly by means of Extraordinary People's Courts, and which is also based on the standards created by the Decrees. The work contains interpretation of the Decrees and their implementary regulations, and also an excursion into the period of their preparation and origin, from which it is possible to infer the context and importance of some of the provisions of legal regulations, which the legislative text itself cannot provide. The work also contains a description of several specific cases heard by Extraordinary People's Courts, and also specific cases of administrative proceedings, the content of which was confiscation of movable and immovable property. Both post-war confiscation of property and retributive justice were a response to the events of the war (illegitimate transfer of property, war crimes committed against the population) and also a means to restore post-war Czechoslovakia. The legal regulations concerning both topics were not created spontaneously in response to the end of the wartime...
The investigation of political delinquency of Czechoslovakian military personnel in the years 1948 - 1989
Polnar, Stanislav ; Soukup, Ladislav (advisor) ; Klimko, Jozef (referee) ; Kuklík, Jan (referee)
The investigation of political delinquency of Czechoslovakian military personnel in the years 1948 - 1989 Abstract The primary objective of this dissertation is to reconstruct the investigation of political delinquency in the environment of military forces. The text is focused on the persecution of military personnel in the years 1948 - 1989. The key issue is described in the broader context of the socialistic legal system and contemporary structure of power and political development of the Czechoslovakian state. The author used methods of legal history, the roots of which are interdisciplinary and lie on the boundary of legal and historical science. The text is integrating the recent material and procedural criminal law, which is considered to be a part of public law. Moreover, this theses draws out of archival sources and files created by military investigating organs and organs of military prosecution. The author also used rare historical sources, which are typical for contemporary history. We are talking about film documents and memories of participant. Basic stated algorithm is bet in the context of Czechoslovakian political progress after events in February 1948. Implemented research showed the fact, that political delinquency of military personnel was its special form. Consequently, this topic...
Development of the Prosecutor's Office in Trutnov district in years 1949 - 1993
Jarolínová, Veronika ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Gábriš, Tomáš (referee) ; Soukup, Ladislav (referee)
Development of the Prosecutor's Office in Trutnov district in years 1949 - 1993 Abstract Presented work deals with origin, development and activity of District Prosecutor's Office in Trutnov in years 1949 - 1993. Time frame of this work is defined by the beginning of the year 1949, when District Prosecutor's Offices were originated as whole new type of public prosecutor's offices, and by the end of the year 1993, when whole new legal regulation of public prosecutor's offices was accepted, which no longer had roots in communist Czechoslovakia. In the first part the work deals with organisation and position of public prosecutor's offices from historical and legal point of view, where belongs the origin of District Prosecutor's Office in Trutnov. Second part of the work deals with substantive jurisdiction of the Prosecutor's Office, main principles of its activity, qualification and ethics of the prosecutor. Especially it focuses on the problematics of prosecution supervision, which integral components were general supervision, criminal prosecution of persons, supervision over maintaining lawfulness in criminal proceedings, supervision over lawfulness of procedure and court decisions and state notaries and supervision over maintaining lawfulness in places of custody, imprisonment, protective treatment and...
Suffrage in England in the 19th and the early 20th centuries
Klener, Vavřinec ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Seltenreich, Radim (referee)
Suffrage in England in the 19th and the early 20th centuries Abstract The diploma thesis adress the issue of suffrage in England in the 19th and the early 20th centuries. Attention is paid primarily to the reform acts governing elections to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, which were passed in years 1832, 1867, 1884-85, 1918 and 1928. The implementation of these reform acts led to the transition from the archaic form of suffrage, which persisted without major changes from the period of the late Middle Ages, to a universal and equal suffrage with direct and secret voting in the form which in the United Kingdom prevails, with minor amendments, to the present. This transformation was completed in 1928. In addition, the development of the municipal elections legislation, changes in a qualification of the Members of the Parliament and other changes in electoral legislation, especially in the legislation dealing with electoral corruption, are mentioned. There is also outlined a political and public debate on electoral reform, with an emphasis on parliamentary relevant debate. The text of the thesis is divided into six sections, corresponding to the chronological development. The first section focuses on the description and evaluation of the unreformed suffrage prior to 1832. The...
Origins and development of the Parliament of England up to the end of 15th century
Vovchuk, Oleksandr ; Kuklík, Jan (advisor) ; Seltenreich, Radim (referee)
Origins and development of the Parliament of England up to the end of 15th century Abstract This thesis is dedicated to the formation of the English parliament from the enactment of the Magna Carta to the onset of Tudor dynasty reign. It consists of an introduction, conclusion and 13 chapters; chapter 5 has also subchapters. The first chapter describes the origins of parliament's formation and its connection to the Witan and Great Council. The second chapter is dedicated to the period of John's reign, which lead to the rebellion of barons and following that, the enactment of the Magna Carta. Afterwards, it examines provisions of the Magna Carta and its significance for English society and the development of parliament at the time. It also refers to the growing importance of the Magna Carta over the course of following centuries. The third chapter is concerned with the period of Henry's reign when the key importance was the revolt of barons under the leadership of Simon de Montfort. Simon de Montfort in order to secure his position of power summoned a parliament which consisted of, among others, representatives of towns and boroughs as well as knights of shires. Fourth chapter addresses development of parliament during the rule of Edward I which in this regard followed footsteps of Simon de Monfort and...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 172 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
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1 Kuklík, Jan
1 Kuklík, Jiří
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