National Repository of Grey Literature 7 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
The importance of fish in human nutrition and prevention of cardivascular diseases
Škrletová, Štěpánka ; Bušová, Milena (advisor) ; Kudlová, Eva (referee)
Fish are a perfect source of high quality proteins, vitamins and minerals which are also easily digestible. Sea fish contain considerable amount of Iodine and unsaturated omega-3 acids. Unfortunately, we in Czech Republic are substantially under average in fish meat consumption compared to EU. Consumption of fish meat can prevent the occurrence of cardiovascular disease and therefore there is a recommendation to regularly consumption fish meat thanks to their favourable influences. In theoretical part of this bachelor thesis is a comprehensive overview of the information about the importance of fish meat, description of its structure, utility, consumption and potential risks. Practical part is focused on research. For evaluation of the state of consumption and level of awareness was used survey. After the results were processed, it was found that 76 % of responders is consuming fish meat and 15% of responders is more likely not to consume it. It has also been found, that the responders are mostly informed about the nutritional values of fish meat. Key words: Fish meat, omega-3, consumption, KVO, nutrition
Selection of meat and meat products
Staňková, Helena ; Kudlová, Eva (advisor) ; Bušová, Milena (referee)
Meat and processed meat belong to the most discussed topic regarding an impact on human health. In 2016 IARC classified processed meat as a carcinogenic to humans class 1 and red meat as an probably carcinogenic to humans class 2A. Nowadays, there is a wide offer of processed meat, therefore it is necessary to choose thoroughly. The aim of this thesis was to provide a research of a nutrition composition of meat and processed meat regarding an impact of consumption on human health particulary in connection with IARC classification and put information into a context of dietary guidelines. Results showed that studies regarding the consumption of meat and processed meat and the possible impact on human health vary and the results are often contradictory. Moreover, the studies discussing a negative impact of meat consumption on human health are not metodologically consistent. Consequently, those facts make the view on the discussed issue way more unclear. This thesis also contains a frequency questionnaire designed for students of colleges in Prague. Accordingly, the aim of the practical part was to find out a frequency of consumption of food mentioned above along with an ascertainment of preferences of selection. The results showed that the majority of respondents chooses processed meat according to the quality...
Dairy products in human nutrition, labelling according to czech legislation; consumer information and preferences
Dovolová, Barbora ; Kudlová, Eva (advisor) ; Dostálová, Jana (referee)
This bachelor thesis evaluates the dairy products labelling in the Czech Republic based on the requirements of the Czech legislation. It also pursues consumer's taste preferences, their interest and awareness of the dairy products labelling. The theoretical section mentions the history of dairying and the importance of milk products in human nutrition. The following chapters present individual dairy products and it described their production, labeling and division into kinds. The practical section reveals that the dairy products are labeled in accordance with the Czech legislation. The results are presented in the form of photos and tables (mini photobook). This part also examines whether the adult people interest in the dairy product labeling, how to orient in a range of dairy products and which products they prefer. The product evaluation was carried out in two big stores in Jablonec nad Nisou by using photographs. It was found that majority of companies indicates their milk products correctly. Identified deviations were discovered in the labelling of nutrition declaration or allergens. This is a relatively new requirements but very important. The questionnaire was found that 68 percent of people read informations on dairy products voluntarily. Most of the respondents consume especially milk, yoghurts and...
Childhood obesity - the epidemiological study
Mádlová, Markéta ; Kunešová, Marie (advisor) ; Kudlová, Eva (referee)
Obesity is considered to be one of the diseases related to the change in the lifestyle, leading to increased incidence of myocardial infarction, type 2 diabetes mellitus, hypertension and other diseases. Due to the progressively increasing prevalence of obesity in adulthood, prevention of obesity has to start in childhood and adolescent, in which also increase in prevalence of obesity was found. Actual prevalence of overweight and obesity was tested in this thesis by different standards (5. NAS, WHO, IOTF, CDC) in Czech children population in age of 6.5 - 7.5 years in 2013. Its trend since 1951 was evaluated. Since 2008 maintaining of the values in all categories at the constant level was found. The role of risk factors assessed by personal, family and school questionnaires in overweight prevalence was tested. The most important factors were diet, exercise and family factors. Increased weight/height ratio (WHtR) marker of adipose tissue was found in the category of normal weight children also and it shows the link with above-mentioned risk factors of diet, exercise and family prediction. Key words Obesity, Overweight, Prevalence, Childhood, BMI, 5. NAS, WHO, IOTF, CDC, COSI, WHtR, Waist circumference, Risk factors
Meeting nutrition standards for school meals in primary schools and its relation to different conditions
Pourová, Veronika ; Kudlová, Eva (advisor) ; Vysoká, Lenka (referee)
This bachelor thesis pursues the topic of the relationship between meeting the nutrition standards for Czech school dining system and final nutrition values of the meals. It also pursues, which types of food fulfill the consumer's basket the most. The theoretical section mentiones the rules of children's healthy nutrition in the age of 7-11 in terms of general and school eating habits. Laws relating to school dining system are also described. In the end of this section are mentioned projects that pursue the school dinig system in the Czech Republic. The practical section evaluates the proportions of macronutrients and salt content in school meals. It also evaluates the way of meeting the nutrition standads for school meals in 15 school canteens from 4 regions in the Czech Republic. The survey was accomplished by evaluating canteens' stock issue slips and comparing them to a statement of meeting the nutrition standards in 1 month. It was discovered that the macronutrient content doesn't match the rules of children's nutrition in most of the cases and that the salt intake from school meals is too high. It seems that the nutrition standards are at least in some part fulfilled by healthy food suitable for children. The use of fresh vegetable and fruit seems to be high. Also, there is still a place for...
Food intake of young children
Schimperková, Barbora ; Kudlová, Eva (advisor) ; Urbanová, Zuzana (referee)
Introduction: Early childhood is a critical phase for shaping basic eating behaviors and food preferences that impact an individual long-term physical and mental condition. A little child takes over eating habits from his or her parents and their improvement later in life is difficult. Methods: An analysis of eating habits of Czech children aged 12-23 months. The data was obtained in a cross-sectional retrospective questionnaire study. The questionnaires were completed by children's mothers addressed in public places. Results: Almost a quarter (24.4%) of mothers still breast-fed a child after his or her first year of life and the toddlers were fed at average 4.3 times a day. The average age of child when his or her mother stopped its breast-feeding was 8.5 months. The most frequent reason of weaning the child was a paucity or loss of breast milk. More than third (38.5%) of children received the non-milk fluids before the end of the 6th month. And approximately one-third (27.8%) of children obtained the non-milk food before the end of the 6th month. Toddlers got the meals at average 5.3 times a day. Most (83.3%) of mothers had no difficulties with children's feeding. The most frequent eating problem was pickiness. In 28.0% of families the parents let the TV turned on during the mealtime and 58.3% of...
The Maternal Nutrition during Pregnancy : Needs, Informedness and Possible Influences
Slámová, Alžběta ; Kudlová, Eva (advisor) ; Bartošová, Jitka (referee)
The issue of the nutrition of the population in the Czech Republic is a difficult one and it gets even more complicated if we are not concerning the population in general but only one part of it with specific needs, such as pregnant women. Several researches have shown that nutrition of pregnant women and fetal health may be closely connected and that the fetus could be affected by its mother's eating habits during pregnancy until the adult age. The thesis is divided into two parts. The first one, the longest, introduces theoretical findings in the field that are sometimes applicable as general principals of rational nutrition. This part of the thesis is used as a starting point for the other one, the empiric part. The empiric part contains the results of my own quantitative research based on the questionnaires inquiring about eating habits of pregnant women. One hundred fully filled-in questionnaires, containing questions about eating habits, drinking regime, nutritional supplements, nutrition knowledge of pregnant women and their sources of information, were collected. The aim of the research was to reveal typical pregnant women diet, the extent of adherence to general principles of pregnant women nutrition, an average amount of nutraceuticals taken daily and usual sources of information...

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