National Repository of Grey Literature 33 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Effect of temperature on life cycle of zygomycetes
Matoušková, Barbora ; Kubátová, Alena (advisor) ; Nováková, Alena (referee)
This thesis is aiming on zygomycetes, their importance, their current position in the Fungi kingdom and above all their ecological demands. The paper summarizes the influence of temperature on their life cycle (i.e. primarily on the growth, reproduction and production of metabolites). It focuses mainly on psychrophilic and thermophilic species and describes the mechanisms of adaptation to unfavorable living conditions. To investigate the influence of temperature, zygomycetes are exceptionally suitable model organisms, e.g. in the order Mucorales we can find relatives growing in diametrically different environments. Among the mechanisms of extreme temperature adaptation for zygomycetes are in particular trehalose production, a change in the degree of saturation of membrane phospholipids and the production of membrane stabilizing agents - sterols, glycolipids and sugar alcohols. Key words: temperature, growth, reproduction, life cycle, habitat, extremophiles, Mucoromycotina, Mortierellomycotina
Book of abstract of XXIIIrd Symposium of immunology and biology of reproduction
Kubátová, Alena
This Symposium was mainly focused on diabetes melllitus type 1 (mouse and human model), gene expression during spermatogenesis and spermiogenesis,\nrole of tetraspanins family and other proteins in sperm-egg interaction, role of estrogen receptors (sperm cells) and bisphenol S (oocytes).
Diversity and taxonomy of fungi inhabiting extremely acidic and saline soils of natural and anthropogenic origin in the Czech Republic
Hujslová, Martina ; Kubátová, Alena (advisor) ; Tomšovský, Michal (referee) ; Gunde-Cimerman, Nina (referee)
Highly acidic environments represent some of the most extreme habitats for the microbial growth. For a long time it has been assumed that these sites are populated exclusively by prokaryotes. However recently, eukaryotic organisms including fungi have been found to be abundant and important component of acidophilic communities. Concerning fungal diversity only fragmentary data are available indicating that highly acidic sites harbour specific and low-diversified fungal communities dominated by dematiaceous fungi. In the present work we focused on the cultivable mycobiota occupying highly acidic (pH < 3) soils which are at the same time saline (sulfate-rich) and are located at geographically isolated localities in the Czech Republic. This study should provide a deep insight into the diversity and biogeographical pattern of acidophilic/tolerant fungi. A combination of classical and specialized cultivation techniques was successfully applied since it significantly contributed to the broadening of the detected fungal spectrum. The revealed fungal assemblages inhabiting highly acidic sites worldwide are closely similar and differ from the ones known from less acidic habitats. The core of the fungal assemblage under study consisted of phylogenetically unrelated and often globally distributed fungi...
Ecophysiology of microscopic fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans
Homutová, Karolína ; Kubátová, Alena (advisor) ; Baldrian, Petr (referee)
A microscopic fungus Pseudogymnoascus destructans (Ascomycota: Pseudeurotiaceae) causes illness known as white-nose syndrome (WNS) causing death of bats during hibernation. The illness occurs in the North America and in Europe. The fungus is characteristic by asymmetrically curved conidia, by slow growth and growth at low temperatures (below 20 řC). The aim of this study is to clarify properties responsible for unique ecelogy of Pseudogymnoascus destructans by comparison with ecological related or unrelated pathogenic or nonpathogenic fungi. This part includes study of tolerance to physiological stresses and recognition of spectrum of utilizating nutrients (compounds of carbon, nitrogen, phosphorus, sulphur and nutrient supplements). Testing to physiological stresses should help to estimate a potentiality of fungus to spread out of caves. The last aim is to develop a selective isolation medium for P. destructans. Influence of several types of physiological stress (e.g. UVA, UVA with UVB, 25 řC, 30 řC, 37 řC and dryness) was investigated with fluorescent stain propidium iodide (PI) by flow cytometry. The spores of Pseudogymnoascus destructans and three fungi from underground spaces were not viable after 3 weeks at 37 řC. Other stresses did not cause a decreasing of viability or some stresses caused...
Diversity and taxonomy of Trichoderma in the Czech Republic
Valinová, Šárka ; Kubátová, Alena (advisor) ; Nováková, Alena (referee)
Genus Trichoderma - anamorph of the genus Hypocrea (Hypocreaceae, Hypocreales, Sordariomycetes, Ascomycota) belongs to saprotrophic filamentous micromycetes. The representatives of this genus are known primarily as cosmopolitan inhabitants of soil ecosystems, including leaf litter and woody debris. This work summarizes the results of the study of isolates belonging to the genus Trichoderma originating from the territory of the Czech Republic, mainly from soil and leaf litter. During the study, altogether 267 isolates were analysed. For all of the isolates the following methods were used: phenotypic characterisation, UP-PCR fingerprinting, gene sequencing in tef 1α and ITS regions, and in the strain AK 115/00 also in rpb2 region. The main result of the study was the identification of 21 species of genus Trichoderma belonging into 4 groups and discovery of one isolate of species yet unknown to science. Species T. crassum, T. gamsii, T. ghanense, T. rossicum and T. longipile were found in the Czech Republic for the first time. According to the literature review and results of this study, 34 different Trichoderma species is currently known from the Czech Republic. In the work there is also discussed low reliability of identification of certain species based only on phenotypic characters. Key words:...
Microscopic fungi in caves and other underground shelters
Horáková, Karolína ; Kubátová, Alena (advisor) ; Hujslová, Martina (referee)
This Bachelor thesis is meant as a literature search concerned with diversity of microscopic fungi in caves, prospectively in underground spaces which were made by humankind. The caves represent unique environment for living organisms which is characteristic with specific microclimatic conditions and with deficient sources of nutrients. I have concentrated my focus to micromycetes which were isolated from sediments, atmosphere, dead insect and excrements in caves. The next part of my Bachelor thesis is aimed at species Geomyces destructans which causes so called white-nose syndrome illness - geomycosis on hibernating bats. It is an actual problem which interests scientists such as mycologists, zoologists and parasitologists.
Decomposition of leaf litter by microscopic fungi in anthropogenic habitats
Bukovská, Petra ; Gryndler, Milan (referee) ; Kubátová, Alena (advisor)
V letech 2006 - 2008 byl na dvou antropogenních stanovištích s výskytem biologické půdní krusty proveden terénní experiment s listovým opadem břízy a modelovou celulózou využívající metodu opadových sáčků. Rychlost dekompozice opadu i celulolytická aktivita byla na obou stanovištích extrémně nízká. Diverzita společenstva mikroskopických hub na opadu, zjišťovaných izolační metodou a metodou inkubace opadu ve vlhkých komůrkách, však byla srovnatelná s diverzitou známou z přirozených lesních ekosystémů temperátního pásma. Také sukcesní změny společenstva hub pozorované na obou lokalitách odpovídaly v základních rysech údajům z jiných typů stanovišť. Metodou ITS-TRFLP kombinovanou s použitím taxonomicky specifických primerů byla odhalena značná diverzita chytridií a naopak jen velmi nízká diverzita bazidiomycetů. Na stanovišti s vyšší mírou antropogenního stresu byla zjištěna nižší diverzita hub, značně odlišná skladba společenstva a nižší dekompoziční aktivita. Na opadu studovaných stanovišť byly pozorovány i druhy, u kterých nebyla dosud známa tolerance k přítomným antropogenním stresům, a druhy dosud nepopsané. Powered by TCPDF (

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3 Kubátová, Andrea
4 Kubátová, Aneta
5 Kubátová, Anna
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