National Repository of Grey Literature 302 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
How Ethnic Lobbies Influence Policy: The Case of Armenian Genocide Recognition in The United States
Currie, Erin ; Aslan, Emil (advisor) ; Kučera, Tomáš (referee)
This thesis seeks to examine the characteristics of the Turkish Lobby in the United States and the strategies it has utilized in its approach to countering the Armenian Lobby's efforts at official Recognition of the Armenian Genocide. While the Armenian Lobby and its approach to Genocide Recognition in the United States has been well-documented, the organizational structure of the Turkish Lobby and its approach to counter Genocide Recognition has been less explored. The Turkish Lobby consists of various Turkish-American organizations with close ties to Ankara, as well as professional lobbying and public relations firms contracted by the Turkish government for millions of dollars annually. The variety of actors that compose the Turkish Lobby is a reflection of Turkey's multi-pronged approach to preventing Genocide Recognition. This seeks to examine the primary strategies the Turkish Lobby has employed to counter Genocide Recognition, as well as its strengths and weaknesses according to indicators of effective ethnic group lobbying. Two case studies are presented in order to gain a better understanding of the characteristics of the Turkish Lobby and the strategies it employed to prevent two House Resolutions calling for Genocide Recognition. The findings show that the Turkish Lobby fulfills several...
Analysing the alternation of strategic subcultures: the case of Israel
Houdek, Kryštof ; Karásek, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kučera, Tomáš (referee)
The thesis examines altering of Israeli strategic subcultures and their influence on strategic decision-making. It expands the body of literature on strategic culture. The strategic culture influences the decisions regarding when, if and how to use force. The three cases in this thesis encompass strategic decision-making in regard to Iran, Hezbollah and the Syrian civil war. The strategic culture takes a form of particular strategic subculture, which expresses a preference for a particular kind of strategic behaviour. Israeli strategic culture is examined thoroughly throughout its history in the context of strategic culture. The strategic culture and its aspects are described on the background of evolving "national security doctrine." The changes in the strategic culture are correlated with the shifts in the strategic environment and with the evolution of new military technologies and strategies of waging war.
The Israeli Druze: Military Service as a Tool to Influence Domestic and Foreign Policy
Odlová, Markéta ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor) ; Záhora, Jakub (referee)
Master thesis entitled "The Israeli Druze: Military Service as a Tool to Influence Domestic and Foreign Policy" regards the relations of the Israeli Druze Community and the State of Israel. Druze people live also in Lebanon and Syria and are usually categorized as an ethno-religious and transnational group. They are distinctive for their secretive and esoteric religion and tightly-knit social bonds. The Israeli Druze community (composing less than 2 % of the Israeli population) is specific for its mandatory service in the Israeli Defense Forces, which marks a difference from other Arabic speaking citizens of Israel. The service in the Israeli army implies that the Israeli Druze people are loyal both to the state and the transnational Druze community. Using the framework of a theoretical concept of Strategic Military Refusal by Udi Lebel, the goal of the thesis is to examine whether the Israeli Druze community was able to influence domestic and foreign policy of the State of Israel in order to reach its own political goals, whether these efforts were intentional, strategic and successful. Alongside, it is also identified which factors may influence the loyalty of the Israeli Druzes towards the State of Israel. To achieve this goal, two cases are analyzed: 1) the reaction of the Israeli Druze...
Transformations of the Nordic Model of Peace Operations
Jašová, Lucie ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor) ; Aslan, Emil (referee)
This bachelor thesis deals with cooperation of Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden in the area of peace operations from the beginning of Cold War till today on the background of a new institutionalism theory a small countries concept. Its goal is to find how the Nordic participation in peace operations developed in United Nations, NATO and in the European Union. First this study introduces theoretical basis; the main focus is on analysis of the Nordic peace operations model and on its gradual transformation. In the course of solution there were used qualitative and quantitative data from professional texts and available statistics. On the basis of the results it was found that Nordic participation from the second half of 1990s was rapidly reducing mostly on account of institutional changes in the peace operations concept itself and disparate national interests of individual states.
Military transgressions against the human rights throughout the Mexican drug wars after 2008
Kurejová, Katarína ; Doboš, Bohumil (advisor) ; Kučera, Tomáš (referee)
This Bachelor's thesis is dealing with the issue of wars against drug cartels in Mexico. Although war on drug cartels was firstly declared by American president Richard Nixon in 1971, in Mexico it was fully declared by president Felipe Calderón in 2006. With the entrance of more than 45 000 of troops and president's aim to detain or kill all of the major drug lords, harms of civilians arrived as well. Except for drug cartels, state forces committed them, too. This thesis focuses on period after 2008, when conflicts between army and the drug cartels started to escalate; nonethless hassles between army and civilians started to escalate as well. This thesis is a descriptive case study. The aim as to look at the history of drug wars, to bring readers closer to the idea of formation of drug cartels, to analyze the government's actions against them and to describe in detail incidents, in which military transgressions against human rights took place. In described incidents it is important to concentrate on the number of people who have been hurt, what type of harms did they suffer and in which situation those harms happened. The description of cases is followed by a comparison based on aforementioned indicators. The research question of this work is how much violence has been committed by the military...
The Labour Party and the Transformation of the British Foreign Policy at the Beginning of the Cold War
Bednářová, Karolína ; Soukup, Jaromír (advisor) ; Kučera, Tomáš (referee)
In this work I deal with the fact how the British Labour Party, under the rule of C. Attlee, formulated the foreign policy of Great Britain in 1945-1951. My work explores whether and how Labour's foreign policy changed at the beginning of the Cold War versus the Conservatives in the 1930's. At the same time, my work focuses on the Labour Party and its victory in the 1945 elections. I examine the issue by comparative method, when I compare how the foreign policy of Great Britain was formed during the 1930s and 1940s. In particular, the thesis compares relations with the United States and the Soviet Union, as it was the two strongest world powers of the time, and the entire Cold War was conducted between them. At work, I conclude that foreign policy and relations with the US and the USSR did not change at the beginning of the Cold War. We can see a few differences in Labour access compared to the Conservatives, but the UK government continued its foreign policy, which already gave a rise and direction to the Conservative Party in the second half of the 1930's.
Lety v české politice - koncentrační tábor v Letech u Písku v české politice od devadesátých let po současnost
The subject of the bachelor's work is to monitor the history and the existence of the camp in Lety. We focus mostly on the time when generally Roma people were interned here. The goal of the work is to describe the events that happened after the pig factory farm was settled on the place of the former concentration camp. The crucial point is to gather the declarations of some politicians and their attitude to the issue. Inevitable part of the work is also the interview with one Czech expert in this subject
The influence of the US and other NATO states on German policy and deployment of the Bundeswehr in the ISAF mission in Afghanistan
Dvořák, Pavel ; Handl, Vladimír (advisor) ; Kučera, Tomáš (referee) ; Urbanovská, Jana (referee)
This dissertation focuses on Germany policy concerning the deployment of the Bundeswehr within the ISAF mission in Afghanistan between 2001 and 2014. These issues will be examined in the context of the German army's foreign engagement after 1990. The main goal will be to assess how the decision-making process of the German government and the members of the parliament was affected by their taking into consideration Germany's ties to the USA and other important NATO members. The German government strived to maintain its influence within the NATO alliance and, at the same time, its reputation of a reliable and responsible ally. The impact of this external (alliance-related) factor will also be analysed with respect to the "culture of restraint" ̶ Germany's traditionally restrained approach to its armed forces deployment. Thus in addition to concrete examples of the German government's decisions on strengthening its military engagement in Afghanistan in relation to their NATO partners, the dissertation will concentrate on some ISAF combat operations in which German troops were involved. In the end, this work will elaborate on the consequences of the ISAF mission for Germany's future policy concerning the deployment Bundeswehr abroad. The research methods applied in this dissertation include...
The Military component of the Counterrevolution - Egypt case- The root causes of the deep-state and its military hardcore counterattack against Egypt uprising.
Saad, Mohamed ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ludvík, Jan (referee)
In the course of time, the Egyptian army has developed a complicated network of economic interests as a privileged establishment, and independent from civilian oversight or political surveillance. This dissertation argues that; the well-established and long lasting independent economic interests may turn the military establishment to an independent stakeholder and closed, conservative group within the society seeks to preserve its own privileges by controlling over the political power and resist any external oversight including the democratic reforms that may create a threat to these privileges. Such military establishment is a direct threat to any democratic transition. In this case, the armies securitize the political sphere raising the democratic reforms as foreign conspiracy and an existential threat to its privileges and raise the nationalism and xenophobic rhetoric as it needs to create a political justification for their security practices that aim to crush the opposition and secure the political power. I suppose that the Egyptian case shows causal relations between the economic interests of the military establishment and the nationalism as a dominant ideology. Such military is leaning to not only control the political power, but it aims to militarize the societal values and control over the...
The Study on Elimination of Water Losses
Klement, Jan ; Dvořák,, Pavel (referee) ; Kučera, Tomáš (advisor)
The aim of this thesis is on selected locations to assess the actual condition of drinking water losses from water mains and propose option to reduce them.

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45 KUČERA, Tomáš
2 Kučera, T.
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