National Repository of Grey Literature 90 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Ritual Healing in Morocco
Kabeš, Štěpán ; Chlup, Radek (advisor) ; Kropáček, Luboš (referee)
In this paper I research healing rituals in Morocco, their functioning and their socio-cultural context. The main attention is focused on night possession ritual (lila) of three mystical brotherho- ods - sufi tariqas ʿIsāwa, Hamadsha, and the Gnāwa brotherhood. Most of the members of the lat- ter are descendants of former black slaves, and their culture has a strong heritage of "black" Africa's cults - especially a very specific way of "working" with spirits. The essence of lila ritual lies in the (not always explicitly admitted) harmonization of relation with the possessing spirit. This possession is a kind of a cultural metaphor for signifying a number of mental and psychosomatic problems, which stem from tensions, created by socio-cultural pat- terns in Muslim society (above all the husband-father dominance in the family). During my fieldwork research in Morocco (2016) I collected ethnographic material from the rituals of the three above mentioned brotherhoods, which I present in my thesis and which I compare with substantial secondary literature for each of the brotherhoods. What becomes apparent is how these brotherhoods influence each other in terms of the pantheon of invoked spirits or in terms of musical and kinetic forms of the ritual. A research question resounds throughout the thesis:...
The Veneration of Saints and Their Graves in Muslim India of Premughal and Mughal Period
Kružík, Jakub ; Kropáček, Luboš (advisor) ; Oudová Holcátová, Barbara (referee)
This thesis handles a topic of veneration of Muslim saints and their graves with emphasis on the area of Central India in Medieval period. In the first part of the thesis a process of spreading of Islam to Deccan is described and a role of sufis in it. The second part is dedicated to the concept of saints in Islam as a whole and in regard to Indian context. The third part is an introduction of the bhaktic movement of Sants in which I try to demostrate its similarities with Sufism. The shared theme of those tradition is similar concept of sanctity of persons and a their approach to the veneration of saints. Key words Saints, Veneration of Saints, Islam, Sufism, Islamic mysticism
Ramadan: Ritual Fasting in Theory and Practice
Drewsová, Zuzana ; Oudová Holcátová, Barbara (advisor) ; Kropáček, Luboš (referee)
This Bachelor thesis deals with Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic calendar in which the Quran was revealed to Muhammad. During this month, many Muslims all over the world fast as they are commanded by the fourth pillar of the Islamic faith. They often behave more piously, pray more, practice charity, study the Islamic tradition, and generally engage more in the spiritual aspects of life. The thesis is divided into two parts. The aim of the first part is to describe Ramadan according to the most widespread views of scholars. The second part of the thesis is dedicated to specific examples of celebrations of Ramadan in Java, Saudi Arabia, and to the women's celebrations in Morocco. Finally, on the basis of analysing anthropological and ethnographical texts, the thesis shall result in a comparison, highlighting the most important aspect of Ramadan, on which the traditions agree.
Analysis of Feminist Interpretation of the Qur'an
Molčányiová, Lucia ; Oudová Holcátová, Barbara (advisor) ; Kropáček, Luboš (referee)
The aim of this work is to analyze quranic feminist interpretation focusing on controversial verse 4:34. We attempt to demonstrate the way islamic feminist exegets deal with the key concepts of this verse mostly notion of male authority (qiwwama and faddala), female obedience (qanitat) and disobedience (nushuz) and wife beating (idribuhunna) through the islamic feminist hermeneutical principles mainly contextual, holistic and through reexamination of terminology. Particular arguments, approaches and interpretative manoeuvres of feminist Qurʼanic exegesis aiming to legitimize gender egalitarian reading of the Qurʼan and challenging centuries of andocentric exegetical tradition will be examined.
Ibn Bājja: The Governance of the Solitary
Kohout, Ondřej ; Kropáček, Luboš (advisor) ; Válová, Dita (referee)
The focus of the thesis is an explanation of specifics of Ibn Bâjja's political philosophy as it is presented in his most famous writing The Governance of the Solitary (Tadbír al-mutawahhid). The thesis should introduce how is Ibn Bâjja's thinking based on work of ancient authors and what are its foundations. This is the reason why it will be necessary to look into al-Fārābī and his political philosophy, however, it will be also important to see how much is Ibn Bâjja's work influenced by thinking of Plato's and Aristotle's politically oriented writings. Despite the historical aspect of the thesis, it will be crucial to show possible parallels to contemporary political thinking and the status of philosopher/intellectual in society. A part of the thesis is also Czech translation of the first chapter of The Governance of the Solitary focusing on two fundamental concepts of Ibn Bâjja's philosophy - "governance" and "solitary".
Islam in Czech Culture
Bellu, Alexander ; Kropáček, Luboš (advisor) ; Gebelt, Jiří (referee)
The thesis deals with the presence of Muslims and Islam in the Czech area. Its ambition is to describe the current state, orientation, integration and current public perceptions of Muslim communities in the Czech Republic. For a more comprehensive mapping of the Muslim aspect in the Czech area, the work could not avoid, albeit in a nutshell, certain socio-historical events that could affect actual perceptions of Muslims and Islam by Czech citizens. It describes not only Islamic themes in the literary production in Bohemia and Moravia but also the influence of Islamic science in the Middle Ages and its reflection on the works of Czech scholars. Another part of the text deals with Islam in the Czech Republic in terms of its inclusion in the legislation. Subsequent chapters follow the Muslim community in the Czech Republic, their charity work and degree of integration. The main method of the work is the selection and analysis of selected relevant literary, journal and scientific texts, i.e. texts mentioning Islam on Czech territory from the Middle Ages to the present.
Korene a súčasnosť radikálneho islamizmu v západnom Saheli
Bankóová, Valéria ; Kropáček, Luboš (advisor) ; Beránek, Ondřej (referee)
In recent years, Nigeria has seen an upsurge of radical Islamism in its north-east. The insurrection instigated by the violent Islamist sect, Boko Haram, received considerable media and political attention around the globe. Its origins and motives are, however, not fully understood and often misinterpreted. This thesis therefore looks at the phenomenon of religiously motivated violence in northern Nigeria from a diachronic perspective. It endeavours to shed some light on the current situation and tendencies by pointing out how they are linked to previous development and how they draw upon former movements. It also attempts to identify some recurring patterns in the ideology and motivations of respective violent Islamist groups that have marked Nigerian history. In the first section of the thesis, the Fulani jihad of the Shehu Usman dan Fodio is addressed, followed by an overview of the Izala movement of Abubakar Gumi, the Shiite movement of Ibrahim El-Zakzaky, and the Maitatsine revolts in Kano and its surroundings. The thesis concludes with an analysis of the origins, development, and motives of Boko Haram, in the light of previously discussed violent religious movements.
Abdolkarim Soroush in the Context of Contemporary Iranian Thought
Koláček, Jakub ; Ťupek, Pavel (advisor) ; Kropáček, Luboš (referee)
The essay deals with the work of contemporary Iranian Shia philosopher Abdolkarim Soroush and consists of two chapters. The first chaper analyzes the Iranian intellectual tradition in the second half of the 20th century with special concern for the newly established connection between Islam and the political in the new religious ideologies. This process is ilustrated by brief analysis of Jalal Al-e Ahmad's, 'Ali Shari'ati's and Ruhollah Khomeini's thought. The second chapter covers analysis of Sorush's thought, which partly responds to theese ideologies. In this part, the analysis focuses on Sorush's theory of expansion and contraction of religious knowledge and his conception of religious democratic government.
Christian - buddhist polemic in Japan in the 17th century
Machálková, Andrea ; Obuchová, Ľubica (advisor) ; Kropáček, Luboš (referee)
The diploma thesis "Christian-Buddhist Polemic in Japan in the 17th century" deals mainly with the life and work of Fabian Fucan, one of the most noticeable figures of the early Japanese Christianity. The first part of the thesis is focused on the coming of Christianity to Japan, the mission and the subsequent persecution of Christians which later resulted in the final prohibition of Christianity in the country. The main part of the thesis puts brain to the analysis of two key works of Fabian Fucan - Christian apologetics called Myōtei Mondō and then anti-Christian treatise Ha Daiusu that Fucan wrote after leaving the Society of Jesus and becoming attached back to Buddhism. The final chapter pays attention to the phenomenon of "kakure kirishitan" ("hidden Christians"), i.e. groups of Christians who are the descendants of Christians secretly practicing during the Sakoku (literally, "closed country") period.
The Position of Woman in Judaism and Islam with Respect to Human Rights
Kuntová, Pavlína ; Hošek, Pavel (advisor) ; Kropáček, Luboš (referee)
Diploma thesis "The Position of Woman in Judaism and Islam with Respect to Human Rights" deals with the status of woman in traditional religious communities. It points out the disparity between the status of woman and man, often inadequate concept of universal human rights. The work focuses on human rights itself, from the perspective of religion and from the perspective of the West. It shows their similarities and differences. Part of the work is devoted to the status of woman from ancient times until the present. A large part is devoted to the status of woman in traditional family and her obligations towards man. Mainly discusses marriage and divorce. Does not forget to even mention the current state of women's status in Israel and Saudi Arabia, as the dominant religious leaders. In this work are interpreted true testimony of women about their status. We will meet both responses, the positive and the negative.

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