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National Repository of Grey Literature 11 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Multi-channel control system for in-situ laboratory loading devices
Rada, Václav ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Zlámal, Petr ; Kytýř, Daniel ; Koudelka_ml., P.
In recent years, open-source applications have replaced proprietary software in many fields. Especially open-source software tools based on Linux operating system have wide range of utilization. In terms of CNC solutions, an open-source system LinuxCNC can be used. However, the LinuxCNC control software and the graphical user interface (GUI) could be developed only on top of Hardware Abstraction Layer. Nevertheless, the LinuxCNC community provided Python Interface, which allows for controlling CNC machine using Python programming language, therefore whole control software can be developed in Python. The paper focuses on a development of a multi-process control software mainly for in-house developed loading devices operated at our institute. The software tool is based on the LinuxCNC Python Interface and Qt framework, which gives the software an ability to be modular and effectively adapted for various devices.
Instrumentation of four-point bending test during 4D computed tomography
Kytýř, Daniel ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Koudelka_ml., Petr ; Kumpová, Ivana ; Vopálenský, Michal ; Vavro, Leona ; Vavro, Martin
High-resolution time-lapse micro-focus X-ray computed tomography is an effective method for investigation of deformation processes on volumetric basis including fracture propagation characteristics of non-homogeneous materials subjected to mechanical loading. This experimental method requires implementation of specifically designed loading devices to X-ray imaging setups. In case of bending tests, our background research showed that no commercial solution allowing for reliable investigation of so called fracture process zone in quasi-brittle materials is currently available. Thus, this paper is focused on description of recently developed in-situ four-point bending loading device and its instrumentation for testing of quasi-brittle materials. Proof of concept together with the pilot experiments were successfully performed in a CT scanner TORATOM. Based on results of the pilot experiments, we demonstrate that crack development and propagation in a quasi-brittle material can be successfully observed in 3D using high resolution 4D micro-CT under loading.
Utilization of image and signal processing techniques for assessment of built heritage condition
Koudelka_ml., Petr ; Koudelková, Veronika ; Doktor, Tomáš ; Kumpová, Ivana ; Kytýř, Daniel ; Valach, Jaroslav
Historical buildings represent invaluable heritage from the past and therefore their protection is a very important task. Assessment of their condition must not cause damage accumulation thus the least possible volume removed from the structure is essential. As many historical buildings in the Czech Republic are built using sandstone that can be considered as a typical heterogeneous system, statistical signal processing is a promising approach for determination of the representative volume element (RVE) dimensions. Such calculations can be carried out on the domain of logical arrays representing binary images of the materials microstructure. This paper deals with processing of image data obtained using SEM-BSE and high resolution flatbed scanner for determination of RVE dimensions. Advanced image processing techniques are employed and results from calculation using grayscale data are presented and compared with results calculated on the basis of color input images.
Deformation behaviour of gellan gum based artificial bone structures under simulated physiological conditions
Krčmářová, N. ; Šleichrt, J. ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Koudelka_ml., Petr ; Kytýř, Daniel
The paper deals with investigation of deformation behaviour of gellan gum (GG) based\nstructures prepared for regenerative medicine purposes. Investigated material was synthesized as porous spongy-like scaffold reinforced by bioactive glass (BAG) nano-particles in different concentrations. Deformation behavior was obtained employing custom designed experimental setup. This device equipped with bioreactor chamber allows to test the delivered samples under simulated physiological conditions with controlled flow and temperature. Cylindrical samples were subjected to uniaxial quasi-static loading in tension and compression. Material properties of plain scaffold buffered by 50 wt% and 70 wt% BAG were derived from a set of tensile and compression tests. The results are represented in form of stress-strain curves calculated from the acquired force and displacement data.
Mechanical properties of 3D auxetic structures produced by additive manufacturing
Jiroušek, O. ; Koudelka_ml., Petr ; Fíla, Tomáš
Three distinct auxetic structures were produced by direct 3D printing based on parametric CAD models. Mechanical properties of the structures were established by static compression tests where strain fields on the surface of the specimens was measured by non-contact optical method. Parametric finite element (FE) model of each structure was then subjected to a virtual compression test and mechanical properties obtained from the FE simulations were compared to the experimentally assessed values. After verification, the parametric FE models were used to establish relationships between various design parameters (porosity, rod thickness, internal angles, etc.) and overall mechanical properties (particularly stiffness).
Determination of drift distortion in SEM micrographs acquired at different magnifications and acquisition times
Petráňová, Veronika ; Koudelka_ml., Petr ; Valach, Jaroslav
In the experimental mechanics wide variety of optical methods including measurement of deformation at reduced length scales using combination of computer vision and scanning electron microscopy (SEM) have been recently applied. One of suitable methods for in-plane measurement of displacements and deformations in the micrographs obtained by SEM is the 2D digital image correlation. In contrast to images obtained in visible spectrum by classical optical devices temporally-varying distortions known as drift distortion are present in the SEM micrographs. These distortions are caused by positional errors of electron beam during scanning process. Magnitude of this effect decreases with higher conductivity of the sample and is also influenced by magnification and scanning time. For this purpose measurement of distortion was performed on a series of micrographs of conductive samples acquired at different magnifications and acquisition times. Surface of each sample was covered with liquid silver to ensure adequate contrast pattern necessary for determination of distortion’s magnitude and distortion magnitudes were assessed.
On the X-ray micro-tomography measurements of biological samples under compressive loading
Fíla, T. ; Kumpová, Ivana ; Zlámal, Petr ; Kytýř, Daniel ; Koudelka_ml., Petr ; Doktor, Tomáš ; Jiroušek, Ondřej
In this paper, compact loading device for micro-CT measurements under applied load was used in a series of instrumented compressive test of bone sample. Tested bone samples were loaded in several deformation steps and micro-CT scanning was carried out in each step. Reconstructed three-dimensional data of intact bone sample were used to develop 3D model of the specimen. Data from each deformation step were processed by DVC method for identification of displacement and strain fields and thus for evaluation of deformation response of human trabecular bone sample.
On the modelling of compressive response of closed-cell aluminium foams under high-strain rate loading
Koudelka_ml., P. ; Zlámal, Petr ; Fíla, Tomáš
Porous metals and particularly aluminium foams are attractive materials for crash applications where constructional elements have to be able to absorb considerable amount of deformation energy while having as low weight as possible. Compressive behaviour for medium impact velocities can be experimentally assessed from a series of droptower impact tests instrumented with accelerometer and high-speed camera. However to predict such behaviour a proper modelling scheme has to be developed. In this paper droptower impact tests of Alporas aluminium foam were used for development of a material model for explicit finite element simulations of high-strain rate deformation process using LS-DYNA simulation environment. From the material models available low density foam, Fu-Chang’s foam, crushable foam and modified crushable foam models were selected for simulations using smoothed-particle hydrodynamics and solid formulations respectively. Numerical simulations were performed in order to assess constitutive parameters of these models and identify material model describing deformation behaviour of Alporas with the best accuracy.
Experimental study on size effect in quasi-static compressive behavior of closed-cell aluminium foams
Koudelka_ml., Petr ; Zlámal, Petr ; Kytýř, Daniel ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Jiroušek, Ondřej
The size effect in compressive deformation behaviour of commercially available aluminium closed-cell foam Alporas was studied under quasi-static loading conditions with different boundary conditions. Dimensions of the specimen’s cross-section were selected to match those of sufficient representative volume element (RVE) obtained by spectral analysis of the macroscopic structure whereas different heights of specimens were tested to examine size-scaling factor. Mechanical properties were derived from three different data sources: I) using data captured by load-cell, II) by digital image correlation (DIC) of displacement of contact faces, III) by DIC of the specimen’s structure. Mechanical testing was performed in custom-built loading device as well as in Instron 4301 electromechanical testing system with custom computer control software.
Comparative study on numerical and analytical assessment of elastic properties of metal foams
Koudelka_ml., Petr ; Jiroušek, Ondřej ; Doktor, Tomáš ; Zlámal, Petr ; Fíla, Tomáš
Recently, titanium metal foams are being considered as a suitable replacement for substituting trabecular bone microstructure especially for their similar pore distribution. The most common methods for determination of compressive effective elastic properties of such materials involve different approaches based on finite element analysis (FEA) of their microstructure. The internal geometry is usually modeled by two different methods - directly on the basis of a series of CT scans or using one of discretization schemes. However, all these techniques require highly specialized hardware, software and significant amount of computational time. In this paper, the effective elastic properties of the metal foam are instead obtained by analytical modulus-porosity relations and results are compared with previous FE based analysis.

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