National Repository of Grey Literature 15 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Behavior and institutional change
Baxa, Jaromír ; Kouba, Karel (advisor)
The main aim is to explain, why we can observe strong persistence in human or firm behavior despite substantial change of economic environment and why persistence of informal institutions occurs. During recent two decades there were various trials to provide explanation of persistence of behavior based on presumption of existence of path dependency and increasing returns, reflecting findings of experimental economics with methodological background in bounded rationality or using simulations of interactions or networks. My practice is slightly different as I'm trying to incorporate findings of cognitive psychology and social cognitive learning into economics. Cognitive psychology implies that behavioral regularities, routines, are based on subjective mental models. Evolution of behavior can be now understood as evolution of routines and mental models, and thanks to their nature routines have high propensity to long persistence despite changing environment. This approach is applicable to evolution of informal institutions and it allows to explain persistence of them using shared mental models. Then informal institutions are seemed as behavioral regularities used by decisive part of the society and their evolution can be now described as diffusion of new behavioral regularity in the society and modeled using...
Batism - ideology of utility
Úšela, Jan ; Mlejnek, Josef (advisor) ; Kouba, Karel (referee)
This diploma thesis deals with theme of so called Bataism as specific kind of societal order realized in the frame of so called company town. Bataism is characterized by that kind of political power sui generis which primarily depends on economic strength of Bata Shoes Company. Political power of Bata is substantially realizing its political power especially in the frame of town of Zlin. By researching Bataism we define term of so called capitalist paternalism which primarily describes specifics of capitalist/paternalist rule over enclosed area of his own company town (de George, Salt), then historically secondarily also specifics of his rule over broader area (Ford). By researching Bataism from an angle of political science we concentrate on the definition of its power structures and the very character of that power itself. For these purposes we use concepts of Michel Foucault as disciplinary power and model of so called Panopticon. In addition we provide definition of Bataism from the perspective of ideology and utopia. Aim of our work is describing and explaining (seeming) paradox: political program of Bataism is continually legitimized by democratic method although its performance can be seen generally non- democratic.
The influence of unified and devided government in the first term of president Barack Obama
Gregar, Jan ; Buben, Radek (advisor) ; Kouba, Karel (referee)
The Influence of Unified and Divided Government in the First Term of the President Barack Obama Abstract: The phenomenon of divided government belongs to one of the most discussed topics in contemporary American political science. The American political system experiences its unprecedented increase since the half of the 20th century, which is connected with the raising interest in that field of interest. I draw on theory of David R. Mayhew, who as a first one systematically studied impact of divided government in comparison with the unified one. I apply his method of research to the first presidency of Barack Obama, who experience the period of both unified and divided government. Based on this data, I assume that divided government had significant influence of the second part of Obama first term in this special case. The reason is not only the type of government, but primarily the environment of Obama first presidency (high political polarisation or economic crises).
Batism - ideology of utility
Úšela, Jan ; Mlejnek, Josef (advisor) ; Kouba, Karel (referee)
This master thesis deals with topic of specific urban political régime of the town of Zlín between years of 1923 and 1938. In the interwar period Zlín was ruled by monopolist rule of Baťa Shoes Company. This firm had dominant economic position in the respective town and it created own candidate list composed of company managers which was winning municipal elections. Town of Zlín is example of specific phenomenon of capitalist paternalism (our own term) realized over area of so called company town. In our study we provide basic historic background of mentioned terms. Then we explore particular aspects of Baťa's rule over Zlín like factors of cultural, economic or employment policies. After all of these aspects we try to create whole picture of Baťa's régime. We compare it with other flourishing régimes of the period too. Baťa's Zlín régime ("batism) had strong modernist and emancipatory effect on its participants. In the same time it formed and manipulated with these respective participants without expectable defense reactions of these people. We would like to examine specific power relations of Baťa's rule and to describe its behavior and reception in Zlín society of interwar time.
Electoral Geography of Post-communist Countries
Sokol, Petr ; Hnízdo, Bořivoj (advisor) ; Brunclík, Miloš (referee) ; Kouba, Karel (referee)
The thesis "Electoral Geography of Postcommunist Countries in Central and Eastern Europe" deals with the topic of electoral geography, which is a part of the political geography. The basic hypothesis of the paper is based on opinion that the postcommunist countries experienced the twenty years of development in the postcommunist period which made their electoral geography very similar to one in Western Europe. This hypothesis is proved by three different areas of electoral geography. The first part is composed by the analysis of the electoral geography of the founding elections in the 17 postcommunist countries (including the GDR). In the paper is proposed after the research of all 17 countries the categorization of founding elections on the basis of electoral geography. The second part examines the electoral geography of capitals. The research is focused on the size of the lectorate in the capital compare to the whole country, on the diverhgence of electoral results in the capital and in the whole state and on strength of the party families in capitals. Folowing these three areas is proposed the catehorisation of the postcommunist capitals into the five groups. The third part deals with variability of the electoral results inside the state.
The Activity Analysis of Rescue of Královehradecký kraj, station Trutnov 2006-2009
Kouba, Karel ; Fiala, Miloš (advisor) ; Vilášek, Josef (referee)
Thesis's Topic: The Activity Analysis of Rescue of Královehradecký kraj, station Trutnov 2006-2009 Aim of the thesis: To analyze the operation of the Emergeny Medical Service in Trutnov. Method: Research of available sources, data collection and the cooperation of the members of the Emergency Medical Service coming to the patient. Results: All here listed statistics data are base on intervetion documentation of Trutnov center. Therefore the presented results can't be taken, generalled to other centers and assumed that will be comparable. Keywords: Integrated Emergency Services, Emergency Medical Service, rapid response vehicle, advanced life support vehicle, calls for the crew of the Emergency Medical Service.
Institutional framework and development in selected emerging markets
Khamet, Khafiz ; Kouba, Karel (advisor) ; Benáček, Vladimír (referee)
Master thesis analyses the institutional framework in twelve transition economies (Baltic republics, Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Hungary, Poland, Romania, and the Slovak Republic as new EU member states, plus Belarus, Russian Federation and Ukraine) on the Worldwide Governance Indicators (WGI) data from 1998 to 2008. The results show good position of new EU member states (except for Bulgaria and Romania) in four indicators, namely Voice and Accountability, Political Stability, Government Effectiveness and Regulatory Quality. In our terminology, it can be viewed as completed second stage of transition. On the other side, all countries have insufficient position in case of Rule of Law and Control of Corruption indicators, or in other words still ongoing third stage of transition. Panel data analysis suggests similar conclusions, moreover the relevance of institutional quality on economic growth become less significant over time, which can be translated as overall quality of institutional framework become sufficiently high for properly working market economy. However, our analysis shows the stagnation of institutional framework in all countries, where over last decade only little improvement was made and business environment in the Czech Republic, Poland, Russian Federation and Ukraine is very rigid mainly...
Course and cause of unemployment after a year 1989
Vopálková, Michaela ; Kouba, Karel (advisor) ; Koubek, Ivo (referee)
This thesis seeks to analyse course an causes of unemployment in transition in Prague area. Subsequently it will be explicite characteristic of the area, concept of transition and its impact on unemployment, legislative changes. On these basis we will try to answer a question, if it is a problem with Prague structure of unemployment, shortage of vacancies, or unwillingness of unemployed people to work. Powered by TCPDF (

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