National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Role of microbiota in mouse experimental model of psoriasis
Jirásková Zákostelská, Zuzana ; Stehlíková, Zuzana ; Klimešová, Klára ; Rossmann, Pavel ; Dvořák, Jiří ; Novosádová, Iva ; Kostovčík, Martin ; Coufal, Štěpán ; Šrůtková, Dagmar ; Hudcovic, Tomáš ; Štěpánková, Renata ; Rob, F. ; Jůzlová, P. ; Herzogová, J. ; Tlaskalová-Hogenová, Helena ; Kverka, Miloslav
Anotace v anglickém jazyce\n\nMouse model of human psoriasis and gnotobiotic are important tools in understanding the role of gut and skin microbiota in pathogenesis of psoriasis. In our experiments we showed that gnotobiotic mice, as well as conventional mice treated with antibiotics, have milder skin inflammation in comparison with control conventional mice. Treatment with broad spectrum antibiotics led to dramatic shift in gut microbial composition, in particular, we observed extensive increase of order Lactobacillales. To analyze the potential effect of Lactobacillales on skin inflammation, we further monocolonized mice with L. plantarum WCFS1. Also monocolonized mice showed lower skin inflammation in comparison with conventional mice. To understand whether microbial dysbiosis is cause or effect of psoriasis needs to be further investigated.\n\n
Fungal genetics, genome evolution and use of flow cytometry in study of DNA
Würtherlová, Tereza ; Kostovčík, Martin (referee) ; Kolařík, Miroslav (advisor)
The fungal genome is a dynamically changing structure. By its remodelling, the organism can respond to the environmental changes and develop itself. The genome expansion is often accompanied by transition to parasitic or mutualistic way of life. The genome expansion can be caused by the multiplication of some chromosomes (aneuploidisation), the whole genome duplication (polyploidisation) or the spreading of repetitive sequences. The impact of genome size to the ecology and life strategy of the organisms is more and more studied in recent years. In mycology, nevertheless, it escapes sufficient attention. The flow cytometry (FCM) is a modern and progressively developing method that enables to determine the genome size and estimate CG/AT base ratio. The combination of FCM with knowledge of the fungal ecology and forces that form the genome enable to discover a general trends of the evolutionary processes. My study summarises knowledge about the processes leading to changes in the size/structure of the fungal genome, the correlations with genome size and presents the principle of flow cytometry and its application in mycology.

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