National Repository of Grey Literature 38 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Education of Patients Newly Diagnosed with Diabetes Mellitus type 2
Herentinová, Marie ; Kordulová, Pavla (advisor) ; Bohuslavová, Monika (referee)
An Introduction to the Topic and Why it is Significant: The numbers of patients with second type of diabetes mellitus is every year increasing. Whether is genetic predisposition for this kind of disease important, for increasing trend is provably crucial unhealthy life style. Imbalanced nutrition with domination of carbohydrates, absence of regular movement and finally gaining weight are the main factors. Diabetes is potentially very serious disease, in case is not properly treated, can caused serious results even rising of disability, for example kidney malfunction and than dialysis dependency, limb amputation or blindness. The treatment of this disease is based on non-pharmacological procurement as nutrition precautions and increasing of sport activities but also pharmacological treatment. Very important part of treatment is consistent, repetitive and effective education (Karen & Svačina, 2020). Methodology: For the elaboration of the bachelor's thesis, I chose a case study of a patient who was diagnosed with type 2 DM. Educational procedures are presented in a specific case. The aim of the work: Conducting basic education at the beginning of diagnosis. Implementation of a comprehensive education, which already deepens the acquired knowledge and skills from the basic. And the implementation of...
Education of patients with obesity
Horáková, Věra ; Kordulová, Pavla (advisor) ; Chvojková, Kateřina (referee)
Introduction to the subject matter: Experts find obesity one of the most serious health issues of the 21st century. It increases the risks connected with both the physical and mental health (In: World Health Organization [WHO], 2020). The symptoms that most frequently accompany obesity manifest themselves in the form of metabolic syndrome which includes diabetes mellitus type 2, high blood pressure, high blood cholesterol and high level of triglycerides. Although obesity used to be considered problematic mostly in countries with high average economic income, it is gradually starting to include the developing countries as well (Pichlerová, 2013). Methodology: In my bachelor thesis, I developed a theoretical case study about the stated subject. Objektive: The thesis aims at the education of an obese patient in context of the nursing process. Result: Education of patients in the health-care institutions based on didactic methods and the patients' individual educational needs. Conclusion: Obesity has not yet been widely acknowledged as an illness. The number of obese people is rising globally. The education of obese people is a crucial factor in the fight against obesity. Contribution: The thesis will serve as a material helping the patinets in this area. An educational pamphlet for patients treated...
History of Nursing in the Kingdom of Denmark
Šubrtová, Eliška ; Kordulová, Pavla (advisor) ; Dynáková, Šárka (referee)
Nursing is a field that has been professionalized quite recently since the second half of the 20th century. Interest in its history rises at the end of 20th century, however, research is uneven. We have relatively well mapped history in England or USA, but informations on this topic from many other countries are not available to Czech readers. Therefore, this thesis is focused on one specific example of historical development, namely the Kingdom of Denmark. Studying history helps us understand which socio-economic, political, cultural or religious factors have influenced the current form and organization of the field. We can therefore be inspired to make positive changes in our own environment. It makes us think about an amount of questions. These questions include the influence of religion on society, the health and social policies of individual countries and the historical status of women in society. The aim of this thesis is to map the development of nursing in Denmark from its beginnings to the end of the 20th century. The partial goal is to provide an overview of the most important church influences, which were strong in Denmark even during the 20th century, to set the most important historical milestones and to introduce important personalities of Danish nursing. Furthermore, the author tries...
A nursing care of chronic wounds from a nursing perspective
Kolandová, Martina ; Kordulová, Pavla (advisor) ; Bohuslavová, Monika (referee)
The introduction to problematics: Nowadays there is opened gates for choosing individual medical devices. It's our goal to ensure and mediate the best therapy and comfortability in nursing care. I can't forget to the appreciation of the profit at individual departments for the right therapy of chronic wounds. Moreover, the erudition of general nurses in this problematic and searching for new trends is also very important. Methodology: The target of this thesis is to find out the level of awareness of general nurses working at intensive and resuscitation departments about actually recommended procedures in prevention, therapy and care connected with the healing of chronic wounds. One of the partial targets was to find out, which materials and methods are used by general nurses during the care of chronic wound. The second partial target was to find out, which are the barriers for general nurses during implementation of modern trends in prevention and case of healing chronic wounds. I have chosen quantitative research method for my investigation. All the information was picked up via my own anonymous questionnaire. The sample of research was based on the answers of general nurses working at resuscitation department and acute intensive care department in tree medical compartments in Central Bohemia...
Nursing care of the patient with lymphoma
Marková, Naďa ; Kordulová, Pavla (advisor) ; Jeřábková, Lenka (referee)
(v AJ) I chose the topic for my bachelor thesis: Nursing care of a patient with lymphoma. I consider this topic as a very actual because the occurence of lymphoma is increasing (In: Linkos, 2019). Lymphomas refer to tumors which originate from lymphocytes. The theoretical part deals with the issue of lymphomas. I focus mainly on their diagnostics and treatment. And I deal with nursing care and the Lymphoma Help patient organization. Before I started to work on my bachelor thesis I had made a research in the National Medical Library. Furthermore, I used information from the databases: BMC, PubMed, EBSCOhost and Medline. I also used therapeutic recommendations - Cooperative lymphoma groups. Methology: I chose a case study of a patient with B-cell lymphoma from large cells, diffuse for the preparation of this thesis. I used Marjory Gordon's functional health model. Nursing standard procedures, potential risks of nursing care and their prevention are mentioned and described in a specific case. Objective:. I focus on general nursing care of a patient diagnosed with B-cell lymphoma from large cells, diffuse, who has undergone chemotherapy. Results: Nursing procedures are determined and their compliance is monitored. The information leaflet for patients is being created upon this study. Conclusion: New...
Historical Development of Anesthesiology Nurse
Grégrová, Stanislava ; Kulířová, Veronika (advisor) ; Kordulová, Pavla (referee)
The diploma thesis follows the history of nursing up to the present date and further the historical development of a nurse anesthetist. The thesis deals mainly with competencies and the specialized education of a nurse anesthetist in the Czech Republic. The aim of this theoretical-historical thesis is to map the origin and gradual development of a nurse anesthetist. The first part is devoted to the overall history of nursing and the development of anesthesia from antiquity to the present. The main aim of this work is, however, to map and inform about the development of a nurse anesthetist, her education and her competences from the first nurse anesthetist to the present time. The work is theoretical-empirical. The method of qualitative research, study of documents, analysis of primary, archival sources of MZ, NRL, UVV, legislation, periodicals, professional books and articles was used. Interviews were also conducted with the witnesses of the beginning of anesthesiology as a separate field. The aim of the thesis was to map the origin and gradual development of a nurse anesthetist and her competences. The work can be presented at professional congresses or published in professional journals. keywords: history of nursing, nurse anesthetist, anesthesiology, interviews, competences, education
Dentists literacy of non-medical staff
Havlíčková, Kateřina ; Kordulová, Pavla (advisor) ; Kulhavá, Miluše (referee)
(v AJ) Through the bachelor thesis I open the issue of dental literacy for non-medical health workers. The World Health Organization points out the importance of high health literacy and health education. Therefore, I decided to elaborate the final work on this topic and thus find out the level of dental literacy at various clinics. The theoretical part describes health literacy, anatomy and pathology of oral cavity and current knowledge of literacy in dentistry. The basis for the work I drew mainly on the basis of the research in the National Medical Library. From the catalog of the National Medical Library Medvik, the BMC database (Bibliographia medica čechoslovaca), the specialized databases CINAHL (Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature) and MEDLINE (Medical Literature Analysis and Retrieval System Online), from a personal source of professional literature, expert consultation with dental doctors and dental hygienists, own experience and other bachelor theses. The aim of this work is to create an information leaflet to address health professionals in the field of care. Methods: The work was elaborated on the basis of quantitative research by means of anonymous non-standardized questionnaire in printed form. The target group was non-medical health professionals. Objective: The...
Education of patients with lymphoma
Marková, Naďa ; Kordulová, Pavla (advisor) ; Jankovcová, Kateřina (referee)
(v AJ) I chose the education of a patient with lymphoma as the topic for my bachelor thesis. I consider this topic very actual because the occurence of lymphoma is increasing (In: Linkos,2019). Lymphomas are referred as lymphocyte-derived tumors. I deal with the problem of lymphomas in the theoretical part. I mainly focus at diagnostic and treatment. I had started to prepare this bachelor thesis after the background research in the National Medical Library. I also drew the information from databases: BMČ, PubMed, EBSCOhost a Medline. I also used treatment recommendations - Cooperative Lymphoma Groups. Methology: I chose a case study of a patient with B-cell lymphoma from large cells, diffuse. I used the model of Marjora Gordon's - functional health model. A specific case is used for defining the treatment procedures, nursing standards, potentional risks and the prevention, education is also included. Objective: Focus on a nursing care - pacient with B-cell lymphoma diagnose, large cells, diffuse, who undergone chemotherapy. Results: Keeping nursing procedures and creation of educational material for patients. Conclusion: There are new methods of chemotherapy and new studies. A current study in Lymphoma: CITADEL 203, CITADEL 205, PCYC 1143 - SYMPATICO, ACELY - 308, PCYC 1141, BGB3311 - 212, IELSG37...
Nursing procedures at complicated peritonitis
Pokorná, Lenka ; Kordulová, Pavla (advisor) ; Hocková, Jana (referee)
(v AJ) For my diploma thesis I chose Nursing care for patients with complicated peritonitis as a topic, because care for these patients must be complex and often requires long-term stay at the anesthesiology and resuscitation department. These patients require organ support, undergo repeated surgical revisions, and ultimately, if they overcome this critical period, they learn very often self- care, walking, and sometimes adapt to permanent changes in health. It is a disease where there are often sudden changes in the patient's condition. In the theoretical part I tried to describe the disease leading to the development of peritonitis and complications in the form of septic shock and multiorgan failure. In the National Medical Library, I have searched for a comprehensive review of literature since 2005. I searched for keywords and phrases: Peritonitis, Nursing Care, Sepsis, Multiorgan Failure, Circulatory Support, Artificial Pulmonary Ventilation, Continuous Function Replacement kidney care, laparotomy care, drainage care, intra-abdominal hypertension. I obtained other documents using the central search engine UKAŽ, I drew from licensed databases: Bibliographia medica Čechoslovaca, Ebsco, Medline, Pubmed. For the processing of nursing procedures I used the recommendations of professional societies:...
Communication and interaction of medical personnel with patient's family in the intensive care unit
Šimůnková, Kateřina ; Dvořáčková, Ivana (advisor) ; Kordulová, Pavla (referee)
Introduction: Communication with relatives of critically ill patients is a rather neglected area in the Czech Republic. Intensive care focuses more on the patient, equipment and highly specialized treatment while contact with relatives is often minimized. Moreover, the conversation consists mainly of brief statements related to the current health status of the patient. It is important to pay more attention to this issue, especially so that the medical staff can offer the patient's family the best possible help in their difficult life situation. Objectives and Methodology: The aim of this thesis was to map the professional preparedness of general nurses and doctors in the areas of communication with the patient's family. Next, the thesis also attempted to determine the attitude of the medical staff to the families of patients hospitalized in the intensive care unit. Furthermore, it also aspired to map the experience of the patient's family members with the cooperation and interaction with the medical staff during hospitalization of the patient. Last but not least, the aim of the thesis was to propose solutions to improve the current situation. The quantitative research was conducted using structured questionnaires. One version of the questionnaire was intended for families of patients in the ICU...

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