National Repository of Grey Literature 12 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Application of stable isotope techniques for verifying the geographical origin of endangered plants and animals subject to international trade
Kopecká, Ivana ; Jandová, Kateřina (advisor) ; Horká, Petra (referee)
Elements in nature can exist in several versions, which differ in the amount of neutrons in the nucleus. These modifications are called isotopes. Neutrons have a neutral charge, but do not have a zero weight, therefore isotopes of a single element are differ in weight. Thanks to the sensitive analytical methods, we can discern that the isotope in the sample is contained in what quantity (mass spectrometry is used, from which to retrieve the ratio of stable isotopes in a sample). This can be used in many fields, such as in geology, food ecology, or discovery of geographic origin. The aim of the thesis is in the published literature to determine the extent to which the method of analysis of stable isotopes usable to verify the geographical origin of endangered species of flora and fauna subject to international trade, especially turtles of the genus Testudo. Turtles of the genus Testudo are protected by CITES treaty, which limits, enables and disables trading in endangered species so as to avoid their extinction caused overexploitation for commercial purpose. However, there is still an illegal trade that the supervising authorities are trying to detect and combat. Key words: traceability, provenance determination, authentication, CITES treaty
Analysis of pigments and binders in colour layer of art works
Kučková, Štěpánka ; Pacáková, Věra (advisor) ; Štulík, Karel (referee) ; Kopecká, Ivana (referee) ; Novotná, Miroslava (referee)
4. Conclusions 1. The method of gas chromatography was successfully optimised for a reliabie oeteňation of individual components in coiophony and Mexioan coPai' ificant 2. of arl the stu<iied pigments, verdigris exhibits the most stgn effect on the composition of fresh corophony and Mexican copal' 3. The degradative processes caused by aftif,rcial ageing of diterpenoids (pimaradiene tolttul"' and abietadiene acids) in colophony and triterpenoids (ct- and B-amyrin) in Mexican copal were detected' ___________ i I -. l i3 c:oriern oť u]tramícrotom. ,,.^'::..:. distonion can be solved by the use oť compare tt," int.u.i A more convenienl reÍlection ...nn,o,..o spectra ", ;;;": J:ffi: ";J-",,;,J.5. The detection iimit corour rayers ,.. Jt ".t infrared spectroscopy for the non-aged moder (*zw) forprussian :',t'' n (w/w) for c6pp1 rimits were rouna Tand0'3-1 "@;;;;: phthalocvanine' 1-3 %o phtharocyanin " r, n'l'.the artinciatl;' ;JTil:t:Jffi:: ó. MALDI.T.F MS is w/w) and indigo (3.l0 % wlw). in fresh and artificial able to ídentify indigo ar are 0.01 o/o lv/wÍ.b. i".: aged model cil;, copper phthalocyanine 7. MALDI-T.. ,, ,o,tt*o and 0'03 n *,* ^i,""' The detection limits their morecurar ions. :ntifies carmine, tu..ui. ropper phthalocyanine' associatedproreins. In addition' t"*;;:1""::"::ff:;;'Jl 8. The technique...
Preventivní péče, uložení, instalace a ochrana historického fotografického materiálu v různých typech paměťových institucí
Bezděk, Ladislav ; Borýsková, Štěpánka ; Cikrytová, Tereza ; Hozák, Jan ; Hocková, Monika ; Kopecká, Ivana ; Medříková, Petra ; Vávrová, Petra ; Štanzel, Tomáš (editor)
The aim of this methodology is to provide specific instructions on how to handle historical photographic material in smaller multimedia collections and archives. The instructions given in the individual chapters of the Methodology on how to protect and store historical photographic material should provide the staff of these institutions with accessible and feasible solutions in their case.
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Aplikace a prezentace historického fotografického materiálu v expozicích a instalacích paměťových institucí
Buriánková, Magdaléna ; Cikrytová, Tereza ; Hozák, Jan ; Hrubá, Michaela ; Kliment, Petr ; Kopecká, Ivana ; Stříteský, Hynek ; Zeinerová-Brachtlová, Ivana
The aim of this methodology is to give an overview of the ways in which historical photographic material can be used when creating the exposition, whether it be a short-term or long-term exposition, an exposition exclusively devoted to photography, or an exhibition in which photographs and films form only an accompanying backdrop. The instructions given in the individual chapters of the methodology should provide accessible and feasible solutions to workers who build the exposition.
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Adsorption of organic compounds onto activated carbon in water treatment process
Kopecká, Ivana
The dissertation thesis focuses on the application of activated carbon for the removal of low molecular weight algal organic matter (AOM) produced by phytoplankton during drinking water treatment, as well as on the effect of AOM on adsorption of anthropogenic micropollutants contained in raw water. The results of this study have been published in international peer-reviewed journals in 4 papers and in 2 conference contributions. The efficiency of AOM removal was studied in laboratory equilibrium and kinetic experiments using different types of granular activated carbon and cellular peptides with molecular weight < 10 kDa produced by cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. It has been previously confirmed that these peptides are removed with difficulty during the conventional water treatment based on coagulation/flocculation processes and therefore, other methods need to be applied for their restriction. The effect of solution properties on peptide adsorption was assessed by the tests at different pH values and at variable ionic strengths. The negative impact of peptides on the adsorption of organic micropollutants present in raw water was simulated using competitive adsorption experiments with herbicides alachlor and...
Adsorption of organic compounds onto activated carbon in water treatment process
Kopecká, Ivana ; Pivokonský, Martin (advisor) ; Benešová, Libuše (referee) ; Janda, Václav (referee)
The dissertation thesis focuses on the application of activated carbon for the removal of low molecular weight algal organic matter (AOM) produced by phytoplankton during drinking water treatment, as well as on the effect of AOM on adsorption of anthropogenic micropollutants contained in raw water. The results of this study have been published in international peer-reviewed journals in 4 papers and in 2 conference contributions. The efficiency of AOM removal was studied in laboratory equilibrium and kinetic experiments using different types of granular activated carbon and cellular peptides with molecular weight < 10 kDa produced by cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. It has been previously confirmed that these peptides are removed with difficulty during the conventional water treatment based on coagulation/flocculation processes and therefore, other methods need to be applied for their restriction. The effect of solution properties on peptide adsorption was assessed by the tests at different pH values and at variable ionic strengths. The negative impact of peptides on the adsorption of organic micropollutants present in raw water was simulated using competitive adsorption experiments with herbicides alachlor and...
Application of analytical methods for analysis of dyes employed in works of art.
Svobodová, Eva ; Bosáková, Zuzana (advisor) ; Kopecká, Ivana (referee) ; Feltl, Ladislav (referee)
Natural organic dyes suffer from degradation during the time. Therefore, the works of art need to be restored and the identification of dyes by analytical methods is important here. The possibilities of using three separation (thin-layer chromatography - TLC, capillary zone electrophoresis - CZE, and micellar electrokinetic chromatography - MEKC) and two spectroscopic (infrared microspectroscopy - IR and Raman microspectroscopy) methods for the identification of red dyes (acaroid, brazil, dragon blood, kamala, logwood, cochineal, madder, lac, and sandalwood) were studied and critically discussed. In TLC, under optimised conditions (silicagel with octadecyl, 80/20 (v/v) MeOH/1% TEA in 0.1 mol·dm-3 acetate buffer, pH 5, and 80/20 (v/v) MeOH/1% TEA in 0.025 mol·dm-3 tetraborate buffer, pH 7 and 9), the stain broadening of sandalwood, logwood, acaroid, dragon blood, and brazil was observed. Carminic acid, haematein and purpurin were not detected. A comparison of CZE and MEKC showed that MEKC was superior as it permits separation of all analytes, using 0.015 mol·dm-3 sodium dodecyl sulfate in 0.01 mol·dm-3 tetraborate buffer, pH 8.5, at a voltage of 20 kV. The developed method was validated and applied to the identification of dyes in Rubia tinctorum, Rubia cordifolia, and in the mycelium of fungi...
Adsorption of pesticides onto granular activated carbon in water treatment process
Kopecká, Ivana ; Hnaťuková, Petra (advisor) ; Pivokonský, Martin (referee)
The diploma thesis is aimed at adsorption processes during the removal of pesticides onto granular activated carbon (GAC) in the process of drinking water treatment. Adsorption onto GAC represents an efficient method for pesticides removal. High adsorption efficiency can be significantly reduced due to the occurrence of natural organic matter (NOM) in raw water, which involves AOM (Algal Organic Matter) produced by phytoplankton. Analogous to NOM, AOM probably affects adsorption of pesticides by two different mechanisms - a direct site competition and pore blockage effect, in dependence on the different molecular weight of particular AOM fractions. Equilibrium batch and kinetic adsorption experiments were performed using two types of GAC (Norit 1240 and Filtrasorb 400) and two pesticides (terbuthylazine and alachlor). In order to examine the effect of AOM on adsorption of pesticides, raw GAC and GAC preloaded by AOM were used. The effect of pH on the competitive adsorption of AOM was also evaluated. A solid phase extraction (SPE) method and gas chromatography with electron capture detection (GC-ECD) were used to determine pesticides in water samples. AOM was characterized using fractionation onto sorptive resins. The representation of apparent molecular weights of AOM proteins was determined by...
The adsorption of low-MW algal organic matter on granular activated carbon
Čermáková, Lenka ; Pivokonská, Lenka ; Kopecká, Ivana ; Pivokonský, Martin ; Janda, V.
This study deals with the adsorption of algal organic matter (AOM) onto granular activated carbon (GAC) with a special focus on compounds with low molecular weight (MW). These were isolated from cellular matter of cyanobacterium Microcystis aeruginosa. Two different types of GAC were used for the experiments (Picabiol 12x40 and Filtrasorb TL 830) and the influence of pH and ionic strength on the adsorption efficacy of the low-MW AOM was investigated.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 12 records found   1 - 10next  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
2 Kopecká, I.
2 Kopecká, Ina
4 Kopecká, Iva
2 Kopecká, Ivana.
3 Kopecká, Iveta
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