National Repository of Grey Literature 54 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Supporting communication in patients with multiple sclerosis
Macháčková, Milada ; Klenková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Kopečný, Petr (referee)
The present diploma thesis deals with the topic of communication support in patients with multiple sclerosis in the terminal stage of the disease. Since the number of institutions in the Czech republic which deal with this issue is extremely limited, the questions addressed in the thesis are more topical than ever. In the first part of the thesis, the author introduces to the reader the disease as such, with its clinical picture and pathologies, types, diagnostics, progress, and treatment. The aim of the thesis is to characterize the needs and forms of support for patients with respect to communication and in order to reach this aim the author conducted a survey in an institution in the form of an exploratory research. Answers to the research questions were sought in case studies of patients who were willing to participate in the research and who shared their life stories and provided insight into their intimate struggle to cope with the disease in the best way possible. Their goal was prosaically simple - to keep control over their lives and their human dignity for as long as possible. KEYWORDS multiple sclerosis, augmentative communication, alternative communication, technical aids, non-technical aids
Possibility of activating seniors
Kopecká, Zuzana ; Klenková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Kopečný, Petr (referee)
This diploma thesis analyses the offer of activation programs of centres, clubs and centres for social services for seniors in the capital city of Prague. The diploma thesis focuses on issues of activation of seniors. The research of the diploma thesis also aims to find out what the benefits of various activation programs for the elderly, how the seniors are looking at specific activities and how important they are to them. The aim of this diploma thesis is to find out what activities the seniors are most searching for and whether the choice is related to the age, family status, original vocation and education. The diploma thesis is a case study of empirical character. From the methodological point of view, the thesis uses two basic methods: firstly, the collection and analysis of relevant data from professional literature, and secondly, a qualitative research conducted by semistructured interviews with a representative sample of respondents.
Projection of disrupted communication ability in children's drawing
Zderadičková, Barbora ; Klenková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Kopečný, Petr (referee)
The master thesis is focused on a special pedagogical topic and observes how disrupted communication impacts on children's drawing. The thesis consists of two parts - theoretical and practical part. The first one is about the theoretical findings, which proceed from the professional literature. There are the parts here regarding communication, speech and language and the disrupted communication ability - most concentrated on a question of developmental dysphasia. The close attention has been paid to children in their younger school age, their communication abilities, their drawing ability and graphomotor activity. The practical part of this master thesis has been formed by a qualitative survey realized with children at elementary schools and their home environment. Different methods and techniques - interviews, observation, case interpretation and analysis of activity results. The main objective of this thesis is to to find out and to describe - how the disrupted communication ability of children - specifically developmental dysphasia is projected into children drawing. The corresponding demonstration has been based on a comparison between drawings of pupils with communication problems and drawings of children without any communication problems. KEYWORDS Graphomotorics, communication, drawing,...
Speech therapy for Parkinson's disease
Procházková, Eva ; Klenková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Kopečný, Petr (referee)
This diploma thesis presents an analysis of speech impairments accompanying Parkinson's disease. This paper is divided into two sections - theoretical and practical. The first section gives a brief overview of available Czech and foreign literature and articles about this neurodegenerative disease. The section examines the questions of its aetiology, symptomatology, diagnostics and treatment. There can be found also a description of speech impairment connected with this disease, which is mainly hypokinetic and hyperkinetic dysarthria and dysphagia. It also deals with the problem of other limitations in communication such as facial bradykinesia or speech intelligibility. In the last chapter of theoretical part is described speech therapy and intervention with the emphasis on therapy, diagnostics and the effects of pharmacology an non-pharmacological treatment such as deep brain stimulation on speech performance in Parkinson's disease. The research part analyses speech impairment of people with Parkinson's disease. The aim of this diploma thesis was examination of this speech impairment using the Test 3F: Dysarthria profile and patient's own perception of this specific speech disorder. In this paper are presented eight case studies focusing on speech of clients with Parkinson's disease. The results...
Speech therapy and intervention of people after stroke with a diagnosis of aphasia
Korandová, Zuzana ; Klenková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Kopečný, Petr (referee)
The topic of this diploma thesis is speech therapy and intervention of people after stroke with a diagnosis of aphasia. The thesis consists of four chapters. The theoretical framework is presented in three chapters, the fourth one is an empirical part of thesis. The first theoretical chapter deals with the concept of communication and defines the basic terminology, it also describes the area of the central and peripheral nervous system and its influence on the human's communication ability. The second chapter approaches the issue of ictus focusing especially on etiology and symptomatology of the disease, diagnostics, therapy and prevention. The third theoretical chapter describes aphasia - a kind of communication disorder arising from a stroke. It focuses on the definition, etiology and symptomatology of aphasia, the process of diagnosis and therapy. In conclusion, this chapter also describes the possibilities of providing speech therapy and intervention in the Czech Republic. The fourth chapter of diploma thesis describes a qualitative research that was conducted within two-weeks complex rehabilitation stays for people after stroke. The main objective of the research was to analyze speech therapy and intervention in adult clients after stroke with a diagnosis of aphasia in the chronic phase. Then...
Observations in the logopedic diagnostics and therapy of the balbuties in the Czech and forein scientific literature
Žárská, Kamila ; Klenková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Kopečný, Petr (referee)
The topics of this master thesis are mainly findings on speech-therapy and the treatment of stuttering - stammering in the Czech and foreing reference literature. The work is divided into four chapters; three theoretical and one practical. The first theoretical chapter deals with stuttering-stammering, defines the basic concepts, deals with its etiology, symptoms and expresions, classification and division. The second chapter summarizes findings of balbuties in the Czech literature. The third chapter summarizes findings of balbuties on diagnosis and therapy in the English written literature. The fourth chapter is empirical and it is a quantitative empirical survey. The main method of data gathering was an online survey. The main purpose of the survey was to ascertain which methods and techniques are used when treating stuttering-stammering in the Czech Republic and in the Great Britain. The sub-chapters of the empirical part represent the scientific goals and chosen hypotheses, used methods, an actual processing of the quantitative survey and outcomes of the survey. KEYWORDS stuttering-stammering, balbuties, diagnosis, therapy, speech-therapy, reference literature
Aids in speech therapy of dyslalia
Koberová, Jolana ; Kopečný, Petr (advisor) ; Klenková, Jiřina (referee)
The diploma thesis called "Aids in speech therapy of dyslalia" consists of a theoretical and a practical part. The theoretical part is devoted to the general concept of logopedic intervention, dyslalia and all components of logopedic intervention in this impaired communication ability. There is also described the classification of speech aids according to various authors and some selected aids. Views on their use can be different even among the experts. These aids are also included to the practical part, which, through a questionnaire survey, examined the views of clinical logopedists on these aids and their use. Research provides an overview of the use of these aids in the practice of respondents and shows that their view on them varies in some areas. KEYWORDS Dyslalia, clinical speech therapist, impaired communication ability, speech aid, speech therapy.
Manifestations in lexical - semantic level in preschool children
Vítů, Kateřina ; Kopečný, Petr (advisor) ; Klenková, Jiřina (referee)
The aim of the diploma thesis is to analyze the manifestations in the lexical-semantic language level in pre-school children. The theoretical part has three chapters dealing with communication and communication process in general, phylogenetic and ontogenetic development of speech, linguistic levels, linguistic theories of language acquisition, methods for vocabulary diagnostics, methods of vocabulary development, pre-school education organization, program for pre-school education, its aims, educational areas of key competence and expected outcomes. The practical part of the diploma thesis is realized through qualitative research with quantitative elements. The research was conducted in a nursery school in two classes for pre- school children. In the framework of the survey, the active and passive vocabulary of children and the overall speech from the point of view of content were monitored.
Speech Therapy in Mainstream Preschoool Education in Extracurricular Activities
Šusterová, Pavla ; Klenková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Kopečný, Petr (referee)
The main topic of the Master's thesis are the possibilities of development of communication abilities during the preschool age through extracurricular activities. The research study is qualitative and its goal is to determine the effect of group speech therapy sessions on the communication abilities of children attending a mainstream preschool. The Master's thesis is divided into two parts - a theoretical and a practical part. The theoretical part provides basic information about the overall development of children from the time of birth until reaching school age. It describes the development of children's motor skills, the development of sensory perception (visual and auditory perception) and the development of communication abilities. Each part also contains information about the possibilities of stimulating the individual areas of development. The theoretical part also defines and describes impaired communication ability. The thesis deals in more detail with the types of impaired communication ability which occur frequently in population. Based on the research study, a description of impaired communication ability in hearing-impaired people is provided. The practical part consists of a qualitative research study. The goal of the study is to determine whether group speech therapy sessions affect...
Education of a child with impaired speech development in preschool age
Vondráčková, Adéla ; Klenková, Jiřina (advisor) ; Kopečný, Petr (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with problematics of preschool age children with diagnosis of developmental dysphasia. This thesis is divided into the theoretical and practical part. The first theoretical chapter defines the impaired speech development in the context of impaired communication ability and compares it with intact speech development. The developmental dysphasia is characterized in detail in the following chapter. Its definition is mentioned in terms of terminology and etiology, followed by the analysis of symptoms in specific areas of child development. There are also included the components of the diagnosis process and a general model of therapy. The chapter furthermore summarizes the educational opportunities of preschool age children with this diagnosis in the Czech Republic. The research part is executed as qualitative, concretely compiled as a case study with complex profile of a particular child - divided into family, personal and school anamnesis. The purpose of the research part is to evaluate the ability of participation on organized daily activities in regular kindergarten applied to a particular child included in a regular collective. The methods of interview, medical documentation analysis and direct observation in the kindergarten environment are used for data collection. Based...

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2 Kopečný, Pavel
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