National Repository of Grey Literature 11 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Municipal Waste Management and Analysis of Influencing Factors with respect to Municipal Solid Waste Generation
Kmeťková, Diana ; Cahlík, Tomáš (advisor) ; Kopečná, Vědunka (referee)
This thesis presents the topic of municipal waste management in the Czech Republic and describes the current trends within this area. We analyse the data on the generation and treatment of municipal solid waste in the Czech Republic and then we compare several waste indicators in the EU countries. The main goal of the thesis is to describe the relationship between municipal solid waste generation (MSW) and socio-economic factors. In order to identify the variables that might have a significant impact on the generation of MSW, we carry out a panel data regression using data from 28 EU countries over a time period from 1995 to 2017. We present four model specifications that were created based on the studied research articles. Our findings suggest that GDP and income have a significant positive impact on MSW generation, which is in accordance with the majority of research works. On the other hand, two other significant variables, population and density, are estimated to be negatively related to MSW production. Moreover, urbanization and unemployment rate result to be insignificant. 1
Utilizing Online Data in Modelling Unemployment Rates in the Czech Republic
Křížová, Kristýna ; Krištoufek, Ladislav (advisor) ; Kopečná, Vědunka (referee)
Unemployment rate is a crucial macroeconomic aspect for each state, which aim to have it as low as possible. However, if it is too low, many problems could arise due to a large number of job vacancies and a small number of people needed for market. As the Internet is very useful nowadays, the main aim of the thesis is to investigate the relationship between the Czech unemployment rate and job search on the Internet by users who are interested in changing jobs or are unemployed and need to find some work. Thanks to the relationship, we can conclude whether online data could improve unemployment prediction, which is needed to make effective government decisions. This thesis should also provide easier and better prediction of movements in the unemployment rate, which is inaccurate as most data sources used in economics are commonly available only after a substantial lag. The study applies data freely available on the website of Integrated Portal of the Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs, which provides statistics of unemployment rates, as well as data from portal Jobs.cz, where are information about job vacancies on the portal and response of candidates to occupied positions. The thesis uses a simple autoregressive model of the unemployment in the Czech Republic and extends it with extra variables...
Does Daylight Saving Time Save Energy? Evidence from the Czech Republic
Častorálová, Lucie ; Havránková, Zuzana (advisor) ; Kopečná, Vědunka (referee)
A b s tra c t The recent discussion of the European Parliam ent, member states, and citizens triggered the question whether there is s till a need for bi-annual clock shifting from the perspective of energy savings. Employing the difference-in-differences method on hourly data on electricity consumption between 2006 and 2017, the study con­ cludes th a t daylight saving tim e policy reduces aggregate electricity consumption by 0.35 % in the Czech Republic. Moreover, daylight saving tim e leads to 1% savings on domestic residential electricity consumption. Overall, daylight saving tim e increases electricity consumption in the morning, bu t decreases electricity consumption in the evening by greater amount. We have estimated th a t more than 65 % of to ta l electricity savings attributable to daylight saving tim e arose from effect of the daylight saving tim e on residential electricity consumption. 1
Rational Inattention in DSGE Model
Vostřák, David ; Malovaná, Simona (advisor) ; Kopečná, Vědunka (referee)
A great amount of available information over the internet makes it impossible for anyone to process it all. In this thesis, we use the rational inattention theory to see how the perceived signals about the exogenous variables would change under different levels of information capacity. Those signals are then applied in the New Keynesian model and corresponding impulse responses are compared with the case of unlimited attention. We found that for some autoregressive processes the differences from the perfect attention case are not very profound while for others the results vary considerably.
Pension Systems Sustainability in the European Union
Bronec, Ondřej ; Schneider, Ondřej (advisor) ; Kopečná, Vědunka (referee)
This thesis explores the future of pension systems of the European Union and Norway in the period between years 2016 and 2080. Due to demographic trends in fertility and life expectancy the number of people in working age declines and the number of people applicable for public pensions grows. This leads to increase in pressure put on public pensions and increase in pension expenditure in terms of GDP. By using EUROPOP2015 population predictions together with several economic predictions from the 2018 Ageing Report this thesis tries to capture future scenarios of pension expenditure. The results suggest significant challenges for most countries in the EU. We further analyse the results under different series of demographic assumptions identifying fertility as the most important factor and noticing different behaviour among states of Western and Eastern Europe. Finally, we try to test possible parametric solutions to compensate for increases in pension expenditure. We arrive at the conclusion that 8-10 year increase in pensionable age would stabilize the expenditure up to the year 2080 and a similar result would be achieved by nominal pension growth being equal to only 60% to 70% of nominal wage growth.
Regional Convergence in the European Union: Do the Business Services Make the Difference?
Pintera, Jan ; Baxa, Jaromír (advisor) ; Kopečná, Vědunka (referee)
Despite years of deepening economic integration among the states and regions of the European Union, empirical research remains inconclusive about speed of convergence across regions, if not its existence. This thesis provides novel evidence on convergence in the EU while focusing on development at regional level after the Great Recession. It uses recently developed log t convergence test by Phillips and Sul (2007). Our findings speak against the convergence in level of income per capita among the European regions and give us five clubs of regions converging in their income growth rates instead. Investigating further the geographical distribution of the convergence clubs, we confirm high inequality within the member states and find large continuous area of high convergence clubs in the urbanized part of Western Europe. Furthermore, we investigated the determinants of convergence club membership using Logistic Regression. The main explanatory variable of interest were Business Services (BS), a dynamic sector of the economy with presumably strong positive effect on regional innovative potential. We found positive effect of BS on membership in higher convergence clubs. Yet, this effect seems to diminish for the very highest club.
Comparison of different models for forecasting of Czech electricity market
Kunc, Vladimír ; Krištoufek, Ladislav (advisor) ; Kopečná, Vědunka (referee)
There is a demand for decision support tools that can model the electricity markets and allows to forecast the hourly electricity price. Many different ap- proach such as artificial neural network or support vector regression are used in the literature. This thesis provides comparison of several different estima- tors under one settings using available data from Czech electricity market. The resulting comparison of over 5000 different estimators led to a selection of several best performing models. The role of historical weather data (temper- ature, dew point and humidity) is also assesed within the comparison and it was found that while the inclusion of weather data might lead to overfitting, it is beneficial under the right circumstances. The best performing approach was the Lasso regression estimated using modified Lars. 1
Endogenous Growth Model, Distance to Frontier, and Labour Market Institutions
Šoltés, Michal ; Baxa, Jaromír (advisor) ; Kopečná, Vědunka (referee)
This thesis studies the effect of generosity of unemployment insurance on economic growth. More generous unemployment insurance is argued to cause an increase in unemployment on the one hand and better job match quality on the other. Our model shows that in the developed countries, there may be some level of unemployment insurance which ensures that the productivity gain offsets the loss due to higher unemployment. On the contrary, in the developing countries, any level of unemployment insurance was revealed to harm economic growth. Moreover, we present strong evidence in favour of a positive effect of unemployment insurance on the aggregate productivity growth. Key words: Unemployment Insurance, Distance to Frontier, Endogenous Growth Model, Technology Growth, Economic Growth
How discriminatory is the housing market in Slovakia: experimental investigation.
Sacherová, Kristína ; Pertold-Gebicka, Barbara (advisor) ; Kopečná, Vědunka (referee)
Housing discrimination is a widespread, but markedly underrated issue that is associated with diverse treatment of applicants for real estate's sale or rent based on their affiliation to some minority in society. Although there have been many experiments and studies conducted to uncover and measure the presence of discrimination mostly for African Americans in the US and Arabs in several European countries, such extensive researches for the Europe's largest ethnic minority, Roma, are lacking. This thesis presents an Internet field experiment on discrimination of Roma in the Slovak housing market which uses matched-pair method and four fictitious male applicants to request for a flat or house showing based on an online advert. In total, 396 requests were sent from email addresses with specific names signalizing ethnicity of applicants and the response rate was examined. Data shows that the applicants with Roma-sounding email addresses are 8 to 9.5% less likely to get an invitation for a showing compared to the applicants with the Slovak sounding email addresses. My analysis also suggests that the highest level of discrimination is found in the districts with median Roma contribution (specifically from 3 to 11%). Considering all my findings, it can be eventually concluded that in the Slovak housing...
The Relationship between Unemployment Components and Economic Growth: the Czech Republic Case
Kopečná, Vědunka ; Baxa, Jaromír (advisor) ; Chytilová, Julie (referee)
The choice of an appropriate government policy tool to promote the employment should be done with regard to the source of unemployment. This diploma the- sis investigates structural and cyclical components of unemployment. The two components are induced by different causes. Search and matching frictions in the labor market are the source of the structural component. The cyclical component is induced by a low labor productivity which induces a negative gross marginal profit of firms. Consequently, they are obliged to cancel a portion of existing job- worker matches. The main finding is that during a period of economic slowdown the overall unemployment and its cyclical component rise while the structural component declines. The dynamics of the two components is reversed during a robust economic growth. The diploma thesis proceeds with investigating the pub- lic hiring, a policy potentially suitable to diminish the unemployment during an economic slowdown. The results show that the public hiring can be successfully applied despite the private employment crowding out. A New Keynesian DSGE model calibrated for the Czech Republic is used to model the labor market dy- namics. The results are interpreted with regard to the historic development of the unemployment and the economic growth from 2000 to 2014. JEL...

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