National Repository of Grey Literature 25 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Functional assessment after experiemantally induced focal cerebral ischemia in rat
Vyletělová, Ivana ; Otáhal, Jakub (advisor) ; Konopková, Renata (referee)
Title: Functional assessment after experiemantally induced focal cerebral ischemia in rat. Objectives: The aim of this diploma thesis was to design and test a set of motor tests, which provide an effective assessment of motor deficit, which forms after small ischemic lesion of primary motor cortex. Methods: Experiment was performed in 16 Long Evans rats from breeding in Institute of Physiology, Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic. Rats were devided into two groups (experimental and control). Ischemic lesion was induced by a photothrombotic stroke model to affect a small area - a motor cortex. For functional assessment we used five motor tests - Reaching test, Bar holding test, Rotarod test, Ladder rung walking test and Oper field test. For data analysis we used program Sigma Stat3.5®SPSS and Microsoft Excel 2010. Results: Our findings demonstrate that a small lesion of motor cortex is objectively measurable by Reaching test, which focuses on grip and fine motor skills. Other tests assess mainly gross motor skills and there we did not find a significant difference between experimental and control group. Our findings show that functional deficit manifests mostly in funkction of upper limb. During the time of the experiment we can see an improvement and increasing success in Reaching test and...
Model of cerebral focal cortical ischemia and its parametrization
Svoboda, Jan ; Otáhal, Jakub (advisor) ; Konopková, Renata (referee)
Title of work: Model of cerebral focal cortical ischemia and its parametrization Work objectives: The aim of this diploma thesis was to apply modified model of focal cortical brain ischemia induced by phototrombosis and subsequently determinate its parameters. Methods: Intravenous application of photosensitive Rose Bengal dye was followed by continual illumination of green laser beam over the left sensorimotocortex for 10 minutes. Following illumination, the dye is activated and produces singlet oxygen that damages components of endothelial cell membranes, with subsequent platelet aggregation and thrombin formation, which eventually determines the interruption of local blood flow. This approach, initially proposed by Rosenblum and El-Sabban in 1977, was later improved by Watson in 1985 in rat brain. For histological evaluation of ischemic brain damage, animals were overdosed with urethane and transcardially perfused. Results: Histological examination of brains showed significant ischemic damage in all experimental animals. Lesion was located in left hemisphere and penetrated thought the grey matter in various extents. Size of lesion, its localization and depth has shown only a small variability in the individual groups. Noticeable differences were found right after comparing experimental groups....
Cervicogenic headache
Patríková, Jitka ; Šifta, Petr (advisor) ; Konopková, Renata (referee)
Title Cervicogenic headache Objectives It focuses on the prevalence of this disease in the general population and on the cervical spine segment where the dysfunction in patients with cervical headache occurs the most frequently. It also focuses on the effectiveness of manipulative therapies for this diagnosis. Method The thesis is conceived as a scientific literature research. In order to obtain sources professio- nal database such as Pubmed, PEDro, Medline, HighWire, Science direct were used. The thesis is divided into a theoretical and an analytical part. There have been 3 research questions set for the purposes of the thesis. Results Based on the analysis of available studies, the thesis confirmed that the incidence of cervico- genic headache in the general population is not negligible. It has been proved that the diagno- sis is quite frequent in patients suffering from headache, which may represent up to 35 % of patients. The results of available studies indicate that the dysfunction of the cervical spine causes 15-20 % of cervicogenic headaches. In most of the cases, it is the influence of the C1- C2, which is in more than 60 % of the cases. On the other hand, the influence of the AO joint is not very frequent. It only occurs in approximately 7 % of the cases. Due to the fact that the...
Consequences of experimentaly induced perinatal cerebral ischemic lesion
Bahníková, Eva ; Otáhal, Jakub (advisor) ; Konopková, Renata (referee)
1 Abstract Title: Consequences of experimentally induced perinatal cerebral ischemic lesion. Aim: This thesis aims to present the issues and analyze current knowledge in the field of perinatal brain damage, particularly perinatal cerebral ischemic lesions as the most common brain infarction in children. Basic characteristics of the disease, syndromology, pathophysiological mechanisms and risk factors are emphasized. Following the theoretical background the thesis analyzes current trends as well as the limitations of the diagnostics and therapy. The aim is to highlight the need for early diagnosis and emphasize the potential of preventive treatment strategies. The practical part follows the theoretical background and expands the topic on the analysis of motor and behavioral consequences of experimentally induced perinatal ischemic stroke. Method: Cerebral focal ischemia was induced experimentally by photothrombotic method to seven days old rats. Rose Bengal intravenously followed by continual illumination of the senzorimotor cortex using a green laser beam for 10 minutes was induced platelet aggregation and subsequent thrombosis. Eight animals at age of two months were evaluated for 7 days via observational cages PhenoTyper. Results: The theoretical part collected and processed theoretical data on the...
Acute neuroinflammatory reaction after focal cerebral ischemia
Ambrož, Ondřej ; Otáhal, Jakub (advisor) ; Konopková, Renata (referee)
Title: Acute neuroinflammatory reaction after focal cerebral ischemia Aim: The aim of this thesis is to evaluate neuroinflammatory response after focal cerebral cortical ischemia. Also, familiarizing with the method of displaying damage of blood brain barriers, neurons and the possibility of detection of microglia cells as a marker of acute neuroinflammatory processes. Methodology: This is an experimental study. We brought about cortical cerebral ischemia in rats using an application of photosensitive dye "bengal red," and a green laser. Two animals were were given the additional application of "Evans blue" in order to visualize the defects of the blood brain barrier. The animals were returned to their cage for the time needed before they were induced terminal anesthesia. This was followed by the process of brain perfusion, slicing the brain in sections 50 µm thick and then applied these sections onto slides. Sections with applied EB were immediately analyzed under the microscope. Sections to illustrate neuronal death were immunohistochemically stained via the Nissl method. Sections visualizing microglial activity were stained using CD11b antibody. Results: Following the induction of focal ischemia there occured brain tissue damage. In the vicinity of lesion there is degeneration of neurons and...
Stretching and the Maximal Muscle Strength
Šádek, Petr ; Konopková, Renata (advisor) ; Otáhal, Jakub (referee)
Title: The effect of stretching on maximal muscle performance Objectives: Due to the number of studies, concerning the effect of the muscle stretch on sport performance and their heterogeneity in the term of used parameters, tests and even performing the stretch exercises themselves, it would be desirable, thanks to the importance of this subject, to consolide and evaluate up-to-date knowledge. The goal of this diploma thesis is to compare and assess available literature concerning the effect of muscle stretch during warmup on the sport performance and, ideally, to define the best type of the stretching itself. Method: The diploma thesis is composed as a literature review - an integrative review with exactly defined criteria for the use of available studies. Result : Even with the nonuniformity of parameters used in available studies there is a consensus in most of the used sources, which met the criteria of inclusion in this research, which (the consensus) determinates the dynamic stretching as the form most appropriate for enhancing the following sport performance. Although studies, proving this result, are in their findings quite unanimous, a precise definition of prefered exercises for peforming the dynamic stretching and of its parameters is still missing. Key words: stretching, dynamic,...
Cervicogenic headache
Patríková, Jitka ; Šifta, Petr (advisor) ; Konopková, Renata (referee)
Title Cervicogenic headache Objectives The aim of this master thesis is to present a comprehensive overview of the topic of cervicogenic headache. It focuses on the prevalence of this disease in the general population and on the cervical spine segment where the dysfunction in patients with cervical headache occurs the most frequently. It also focuses on the link between suboccipital muscles, cervical dura mater spinalis and headache on the effectiveness of different therapies for this diagnosis. Method The thesis is conceived as a scientific literature research. In order to obtain sources professional database such as Pubmed, PEDro, Medline, HighWire, Science direct were used. The thesis is divided into a theoretical and an analytical part. There have been 4 questions and 4 hypotheses set for the purposes of work the thesis. Results Based on the analysis of available studies, the thesis confirmed that the incidence of cervicogenic headache in the general population is not negligible. It has also been proved that the diagnosis is quite frequent in patients suffering from headache, which may represent up to 35 % of patients. The results of available studies indicate that the dysfunction of the cervical spine causes 15-20 % of cervicogenic headaches. In most of the cases, it is the influence of the...
Influence of rheological characteristics of muscle tissue by musculus triceps surae by means of AEK practice
Kupec, Karel ; Šifta, Petr (advisor) ; Konopková, Renata (referee)
Master's thesis topic: Influence of rheological characteristics of muscle tissue by musculus triceps surae by means of AEK practice Author: Bc. Karel Kupec Branch of study: Physiotherapy Disertation Tutor: PhDr. Petr Šifta, Ph.D. Year of Defense: 2013 Abstract: The target of this thesis was find out the effect of agistic-excentric contractions on muscle tension of musculus soleus compared with passive relaxation of musculus soleus. The assumption was, that agistic-excentric contraction reduce muscle tension of musculus soleus after anaerobic load. The contralateral lower limb was control limb for comparison agistic-excentric contraction and passive relaxation. Muscle tension was measured in laboratory in Faculty of Physical Education and Sport, Charles University: five students were measured. As a measurement method was used myotonometry, which simulated palpation. Measured data were displayed by using an analog-digital convertor and consequently evaluated. The results of this study found out positive effect of agistic-excentric contraction on muscle tension. Control form of relaxation, passive relaxation, didn't influence muscle tension so significantly. The results support the principle of hypotheses, that agisctic-exentric contraction approach affect muscle tension more positive than passive...
The role of nitric oxide during in pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases
Sikora Marečková, Věra ; Otáhal, Jakub (advisor) ; Konopková, Renata (referee)
Title: The role of nitric oxide in the pathophysiology of neurodegenerative diseases Objectives: The main objective of this thesis is to evaluate the effect of nitric oxide on the formation and development of neurodegenerative diseases. Another objective was to determinate, whether NO affects by its impact processes involved in apoptosis in the CNS. Methods: The thesis is prepared in the form of research, drawing from available relevant resources. Results: Nitric oxide is widely applied in the pathophysiology of selected neurodegenerative diseases, either directly or through other reactive nitrogen and oxygen. It also affects other factors that are involved in apoptosis in the CNS. Keywords: Nitric oxide, NMDA receptors, neurodegenerative diseases, excitotoxicity, apoptosis
Tactile discrimination and excitability of α-motoneurons
Světlíková, Tereza ; Otáhal, Jakub (advisor) ; Konopková, Renata (referee)
Title of diploma thesis: Tactile discrimination and excitability of alpha motoneurons Objectives: The aim of this thesis is to detect whether tactile discrimination tasks affect the excitability of the alpha motoneurons. Methods: Seven volunteers aged between 20 and 26 years participated in this study. The H reflex, (M wave) were recorded during three control and three experimental conditions. The control conditions preceded each experimental condition. By stimulating the tibialis nerve in the popliteal fossa the H reflex was elicited and its amplitude and latency measured at rest (control) and during tactile discrimination tasks (experimental). As tactile discrimination tasks, three separate tasks were chosen-tactile stimulation, escape reaction to tactile stimulation, and two-point discrimination. We used an EMG stimulator with a constant voltage output and monophasic squared pulses, with a 0,5 ms interval. The stimulation was switched on manually every 3-5 seconds. To detect the electrical potential of the soleus muscle, we used a surface EMG device, a GrassTelefactor, with galvanic isolation complying with EU standards. The parameters measured were the latency and amplitude of the H reflex and M wave during the tactile discrimination tasks and these were then compared to the values at rest. The...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 25 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.