National Repository of Grey Literature 7 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Reassembling Airport Security: An Actor-Network Theory Account of Security Production
Komasová, Sarah ; Bureš, Oldřich (advisor) ; Vittek, Peter (referee) ; Leese, Matthias (referee)
Airport security represents a crucial part of civil aviation worldwide. Due to its substantial impact upon millions of passengers daily, it is bound to provoke questions about proportionality and sufficiency. Drawing on the insights from Actor-network Theory (ANT) and a medium- term field research at Václav Havel Airport Prague, which entailed a mix of qualitative-oriented research methods from participant observation to interviews, this thesis examines the nature and production of airport security as a network of chains of translation. These chains turn or translate according to their own logics of veridiction of all incoming actants, both human and non-human, from an insecure status to a secure one. In their translation, they are guided by three respective logics of division, movement and visibility, which have already been identified in previous studies of airport security. Going beyond the existing state of the art, this thesis specifically inquires into the components of chains of translation, particularly the airport security technologies and their interactions with humans, and focuses on instances where either of these logics or the veridiction logics, intersect, thus disclosing their own nature and presence. Furthermore, this thesis identifies spatiality and identity as two complementary...
Genealogical study of the development of the passport and its use on the territory of the Slovak Republic
Lanková, Janka ; Komasová, Sarah (advisor) ; Ditrych, Ondřej (referee)
Genealogical study of the development of the passport and its use on the territory of the Slovak Republic Author: Bc. Janka Lanková University: Charles University in Prague Thesis Advisor: PhDr. Sarah Komasová Place, year: Prague, 2018 Number of pages: 66 pages Academic Degree: Master degree (Mgr.) Key words: passport, Slovak Republic, development, security, panopticon Abstract The thesis analyzes fundamental functions of passport and its development. Specifically, it elaborates on how passports are used in practice, their symbolism, and mainly what is the link between passport and security. Theory of a significant French philosopher, Michel Foucault, serves as lens the issue is looked through. In other words, the research considers Foucault's theory portrayed in "Discipline and Punish: The Birth of the Prison" as one of the main ideas that has led to the maintenance of order by the sense of constant surveillance. Therefore, primary objective of this thesis is to investigate how passport as the document has developed in the territory of the current Slovak Republic, which of its qualities have changed over time, and why the passport is highly relevant and significant for society as well as a legal system. Michel Foucault claims human nature is conditioned to a better self-reflection when it is under the...
The phenomenon of the rise of the extreme right in France, a content-discursive comparative analysis of the National Front candidates in the presidential elections since 2002
Húsková, Eva ; Perottino, Michel (advisor) ; Komasová, Sarah (referee)
The aim of this bachelor's thesis is the comparison of two presidential candidates, representing the French extreme-right party called National Front since 2002. Over the last few years, the popularity of National Front has been rising - M. Le Pen got into second round of presidential elections in 2017 and also, the party has been obtaining more and more seats in Parliament as a result of legislative elections. This work analyzes the development of the National Front in correlation with the "dediabolization" concept - mechanisms, that aims to normalize its rhetoric (erasing xenophobic and racist remarks, islamophobia and antisemitism). The thesis is focusing on populist elements, which can be seen in the discourse, but also as an ideology promoted by presidential candidates - party leaders representing party interests and goals on a national level. The analysis is divided into two parts - first of all, it is a comparative content analysis of political programs from 2002, 2007, 2012 and 2017, based on four indicators, and in the second part, it is a discourse analysis of speeches from above-mentioned years. To conclude, the work summarizes the rhetorical refinement of M. Le Pen, in comparision with her father and the ways she presents information to the larger public (both in written, but also in...
Media in Hybrid War: Pro-Kremlin websites as tools of the Russian propaganda in the Czech Republic
Potočár, Radovan ; Střítecký, Vít (advisor) ; Komasová, Sarah (referee)
Diploma Thesis Media in Hybrid War: Pro-Kremlin websites as tools of the Russian propaganda in the Czech Republic analyzes Pro-kremlin websites in the Czech Republic by the method of thematic discourse analysis. The spread of propaganda through the internet, currently the fastest growing media, has become one of the crucial elements of hybrid wars. The first part of the thesis represents the theoretical basis for the second, practically oriented part of the thesis. After a thorough analysis of the relevant theoretical background of hybrid wars and propaganda in the first chapter, the thesis focuses on the operation of Pro-Kremlin propaganda on the Internet, with a focus on the characteristics of this propaganda in the Czech Republic, in the second chapter. Consequently, the third chapter presents the methodology of the analytical part of the thesis, the selection of data for analysis and the definition of analytical categories. The following fourth chapter focuses on the thematic discourse analysis itself and interpretation of its findings. The analysis is a study of the discourse through which Pro-Kremlin websites construct an alternative world, where peaceful and at the same time militarily and economically strong Russia is the only alternative of the decomposing imperialist West. Besides, the...
The influence of international relations discourse on its actors decision-making
Komasová, Sarah ; Drulák, Petr (advisor) ; Bureš, Oldřich (referee)
The diploma thesis experimentally examines the influence of the discourse of international relations schools on decision-making of its actors. The hypothesis presumes that the extent of actors' cooperation is influenced by the discursive framing in which the dilemma is presented. The experimental model has been constructed on the basis of iterated prisoner's dilemma which is presented through discursively influenced narratives as an evolving international relations situation. These narratives,representing an independent variable, have been derived from concrete schools of international relations - realism, neoliberalism and constructivism. Participants of the experiment were assigned to particular experimental treatment on the basis of random assignment. The experiment confirmed a statistically significant difference between decision-making of participants assigned to the realist and neoliberal experimental treatment, fulfilling the condition of random assignment which was controlled through control variables. Understanding of the decision-making process was further enriched by a qualitative analysis of interviews with selected experiment participants; the analysis deals especially with the strategy selection process and the strategy application. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
The influence of international relations discourse on its actors decision-making
Komasová, Sarah ; Drulák, Petr (advisor) ; Bureš, Oldřich (referee)
The diploma thesis experimentally examines the influence of the discourse of international relations schools on decision-making of its actors. The hypothesis presumes that the extent of actors' cooperation is influenced by the discursive framing in which the dilemma is presented. The experimental model has been constructed on the basis of iterated prisoner's dilemma which is presented through discursively influenced narratives as an evolving international relations situation. These narratives, representing an independent variable, have been derived from concrete schools of international relations - realism, neoliberalism and constructivism. Participants of the experiment were assigned to particular experimental treatment on the basis of random assignment. The experiment confirmed a statistically significant difference between decision-making of participants assigned to the realist and neoliberal experimental treatment, fulfilling the condition of random assignment which was controlled through control variables. Understanding of the decision-making process was further enriched by a qualitative analysis of interviews with selected experiment participants; the analysis deals especially with the strategy selection process and the strategy application. Powered by TCPDF (www.tcpdf.org)
Budinka Case - Content Analysis of the Representation of the Expulsion of the Germans in Media
Komasová, Sarah ; Matějka, Ondřej (advisor) ; Kučera, Jaroslav (referee)
This work is dealing with the media reflection of deportation of Germans after the Second World War. It is a case study which analyzes newspaper articles following up a discovery of a mass grave near the village of Dobronín. The approach of frequency analysis was used for processing of huge amount of sources in Czech; the smaller sample of articles written in German was dealt with qualitative method. The target of the work is to answer how media reflect the deportation and whether they have tendency of arguments towards "defenders" or "critics". The work takes this classification over from an article by Michal Kopeček and Miroslav Kunštát. On the basis of the frequency analysis results the thesis concludes that victims have been predominantly identified as Germans; their identity is, in a negative sense, connected with the membership in Nazi organisations; however in positive view they are seen as village community members. But the reflection depends on the particular journal. The journals further to the critical approach use often the interconnection of the murderers' identity with the Communist party. Differences among the rate of using of expressive words are also important. The process of media case is clearly visible in the discussion about erection of memorial cross. The research can be...

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