National Repository of Grey Literature 4 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Women in the Recatholization of the Czech Lands
Jiřincová, Barbora ; Vlnas, Vít (advisor) ; Čornejová, Ivana (referee) ; Knoz, Tomáš (referee)
The thesis addresses the topic of women in the process of the recatholization of Bohemia and focuses mainly on the first half of the 17th century. The author investigated if and how much the experience of women differed from that of men. More than the legislation and newly created norms the application of these directions enlightens the topic of women. Rich material connected to the activity of the recatholization commission and other authorities devoted to the conversion of Czech population was used. Sources of statistical character were used for evaluation of the results of the process. Because of their extent, regional restriction had to be made - we focused on Boleslavsko. In the focus of the thesis were mainly townswomen and lower nobility. One of the most important findings is the fact that the authorities saw women as important as men in the process. Although specific, seemingly more moderate, means for coercion were used in women's case. This flexibility is typical for the Catholic church's approach to women and we are in concord with other researchers, mostly from abroad. The findings also contribute to our knowledge of the process of the recatholization of the Czech lands. KEY WORDS Recatholization, Catholic reformation, women's history, gender history, early modern ages, counter-reformation.
Borough landed estate of Sušice. From borough villages to abolition of corvee and its results
Lhoták, Jan ; Maur, Eduard (advisor) ; Petráň, Josef (referee) ; Knoz, Tomáš (referee)
Jan Lhoták Borough landed estate of Sušice. From borough villages to abolition of corvee and its results (abstract) The aim of this doctoral thesis lies in its contribution to a complex problem of economic development of Czech landowning towns in the post-White Mountain period. The research is focused on a selected problem of town feudalisation, i. e. analysis of the importance as well as extent of their seignorial activities. Czech historiography has dealt with such a topic rather marginally, because towns used to be understood as a strange element in feudal environment, which on the contrary created conditions for social modernisation. Aristocratic (chamber) or church landed estates used to be studied as a matter of priority. Introductory chapter balances current research on the topic of borough landed estates. General survey of the research in Western Europe is presented first. Seignorial ambitions of towns are part and parcel of a vast outlined study of mutual relation between the town and the country. The topic has already been applicated in archaeology and medievistics. For the Early Modern period the research has been fragmented between agrarian and urban history, the methods of which approach the topic with various results (above all the work of Adolf Zeman about Pilsen and Rokycany in the 18th...
The Economic and Financial Policy of Ferdinand I. in Bohemia
Chmelař, Jiří ; Čechura, Jaroslav (advisor) ; Knoz, Tomáš (referee) ; Hausenblasová, Jaroslava (referee)
Jiří Chmelař The Economic and Financial Policy of Ferdinand I. in Bohemia Abstrakt v anglickém jazyce The economic and financial policy of early modern state influences its military and foreign policy, cultures and other life's aspects of its inhabitants. Ferdinand's accession to the throne meant turning point at the above mentioned aspects. It would be highly simplified to mark year 1526 just as a change of ruling dynasty. Ferdinand I., the second son of Jane who was Spanish heiress and Philip who was Burundian ruler, learned advanced administration and at first he started to apply it in Austria after death of his grandfather Maximilian I. After his election victory he started to apply it also in the Kingdom of Bohemia. In 1522 the Blood Judgment in Vienna showed King's tolerance with separation of powers and his conception of solution of a dispute with liege people. The king's authority was weak in the Kingdom under the Jagiellonian rule. Most of power was in hands of few elites and there was tension between aristocracy and king's towns because of economy (brewing) and political power. Since 1490 Jagiellonian kings had governed from Buda in Hungary and had visited Kingdom of Bohemia rare. The last king named Louis II. deceased during the battle of Mohács in 1526. Although Jagiellonian dynasty and House of...
War, Arms and Armour in the Representative Strategies of Bohemian and Moravian Aristocracy, 1550 - 1750
Prchal, Vítězslav ; Vorel, Petr (advisor) ; Knoz, Tomáš (referee) ; Fidler, Petr (referee)
Vítězslav Prchal War, Arms, and Armour in the Representative Strategies of Bohemian and Moravian Aristocracy, 1550-1750 dissertation thesis, 2012 In Czech historical writing, history of aristocracy has been on a rise ever since the turbulent days of 1990s. It has always been characterized by application of various methods borrowed form different other fields, such as cultural or social history as well as historical anthropology, and its primary goal was to understand the mentality of the specific social class that is early modern aristocracy. Throughout time, several approaches emerged form the initial probing: first, study of political culture and power; second, study of aristocratic courts and residences; and, third, study of aristocratic family and its life-cycle. All this research was originally focused on 16th century aristocracy; however, it also successfully tackles topics of late 17th and 18th century in recent years as well. Study of aristocratic residences especially has quite a long tradition in Czech historiography, following the lines of socially interpreted art history. On the other hand, as military history is a rather neglected part of writing on the early modern era, this problem transpires into the connection of warfare and aristocracy in 16th to 18th century. For example, not...

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