National Repository of Grey Literature 64 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Langue d'oc in the scientists' discourse before and after the French Revolution
Křivánková, Alena ; Klusáková, Luďa (advisor) ; Madl, Claire (referee)
The master thesis The Langue d'oc in the Scholarly Discourse Before and After The Great French Revolution considers the image of the Occitan language in the lexico-graphical and grammatico-graphical works that have been written between the beginning of the 18th and the mid-19th century. During this epoch, in the framework of a diglossic model, the language in question had been suffering a status of a dominated language. At the same time, however, it had awaken an interest of many scholars whose motivations for their studies ranged from a will to contribute to a proliferation of Francization to an effort to save the Occitan language and restore its own dignity. It is precisely this motivation, as well as the denominations which our authors had given to the language in question and also their strategies for its valorization or devalorization, that this text engages with. The socio-linguistic situation in the Pays d'Oc and the impact of The French Revolution and of its linguistic politics on the presence and the representation of the Occitan are also being examined. These phenomena are studied in the framework of a theory of the formation of nations by Miroslav Hroch as the phase A of the Occitan movement which had remained, at least during this phase, a purely cultural phenomenon, that is to say a...
Uzupis (Vilnius) and Kalamaja (Tallinn): " Cultural quarters" and the post-Soviet urban space transformation in Baltic states.
Pestova, Anna Aleksandrovna ; Klusáková, Luďa (advisor) ; Tumis, Stanislav (referee) ; Kovářová, Linda (referee)
The collapse of USSR in 1991 became a starting point for many deep changes in Eastern and Central Europe. These changes affected not only politics, but all spheres of life. Urban development reflected it as well. The post-Soviet urban transformation is a specific chapter in history of the cities. In our work we will focus on the influence of cultural activities on districts' development with examples of Užupis in Vilnius and Kalamaja in Tallinn. Today both of these districts are known because of their artistic image and quick development. At the same time, these two capitals of Baltic states are registered on UNESCO World heritage list and Užupis and Kalamaja are parts of the protected areas. To support the balance between preservation of the historical heritage and modern development is an important issue for both of them. We will consider the influence of cultural activities on district's development and distinctive features of these processes in cases of Užupis and Kalamaja. Key words: urban transformation, urban development, Cultural quarters, urban districts, cultural heritage, post-Soviet, Baltic states Абстракт Распад СССР в 1991 стал отправной точкой для множества глубоких изменений в Восточной и Центральной Европе. Изменения затронули не только политику, но и все сферы жизни, также они...
Alpine Landscape from English travel literature ( the first half of the 18th century)
Štětka, Ondřej ; Klusáková, Luďa (advisor) ; Janáč, Jiří (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to trace the image of mountains, mountain landscape and nature in selected English/British travelogues and correspondence from the first half of the 18th century containing accounts of their authors' travels to the Alpine region. Firstly, the author of the thesis briefly outlines general development of the European attitude towards mountains before the half of the 18th century. After that he introduces each of the texts and their authors individually and then examines and compares them regarding chiefly the way of mentioning, describing or valuation of mountains and mountain landscape. Finally, he presents his findings and tries to confront them with some general theses on development of the perception of mountains, nature and landscape. Key words Mountains, Alps, landscape, nature, 18th century, English/British, travellers, travelogues.
Management of Jewish Community's Lieux de Mémoire, between Conflict and Collaboration: Case of Parisian district Marais
Creach, Margot Julie ; Klusáková, Luďa (advisor) ; Verdier, Nicolas (referee) ; Takács, Ádám (referee) ; Sandrine, Robert (referee)
The research of this Master thesis will focus on the guided tours telling the history of the jewish community of the Marais in Paris. Following several waves of migrations coming from different parts of the world, le Marais is seen primarily as a jewish district. With its numerous monuments and museums linked to the jewish community and its folkloric shops, le Marais is the jewish district of Paris for many Parisians and tourists. However, thanks to the research of historians, sociologists and anthropologists, we will see that the presence of this jewish community is not as strong as one would imagine. Besides its rich history, the district was one of the first to be protected as a whole thanks to a new law protecting the heritage. Using these datas plus a case-study of guided tours in le Marais, we will see why the district is particularly suited to guided tours about its jewish history and how its complexity allows the guide to use it in many different ways.
Mátyásföld: suburban villa district in the agglomeration of Budapest (1887 - 1914)
Molnár, Gyöngy Krisztina ; Klusáková, Luďa (advisor) ; Czoch, Gábor (referee)
Thinking of the villa quarters of Budapest, Andrássy Road, Svábhegy or the Rózsadomd are the ones that first come to mind of many. These are the most well-known rows of villas of the capital, but in the green zone of the 16th district there is a less well-known but yet even more remarkable villa quarter: Mátyásföld. Mátyásföld was founded in 1887 in the outskirts of Cinkota, part of the eastern agglomeration of Budapest at the time. Every source has recorded the circumstances of its establishment as legendary. However, its founder was a good businessman rather than a character from a fairy tale. He recognised the change of lifestyles typical of the era, and sought business opportunities. It became fashionable at the time that anyone who could afford to do so, created a second, representative home in the green area outside the city, but still within the reach of the centre. In the outskirts of the city, more and more holiday homes and villa quarters were established, and Mátyásföld was created also for this purpose. The central issue of this dissertation is how Mátyásföld, founded in the agglomeration of the capital, was built and how it managed to fit into the urban development of Budapest, as well as the life of its inhabitants. Beyond its unique geographic and administrative situation, the role...
Historical Examples and the Search for National Identity in texts of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk and Roman Dmowski. A Comparative Study
Scholz, Milan ; Klusáková, Luďa (advisor) ; Doubek, Vratislav (referee) ; Kolář, Pavel (referee)
The doctoral thesis deals with comparative analysis of historical examples in the search for national identity in texts of Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk (1850-1937) and Roman Dmowski (1864-1939). Both Masaryk and Dmowski belonged to prominent representatives of public and political life in their countries at the end of the 19th and in first decades of the 20th centuries. The question of national identity is a theme often associates with their life and work. Masaryk and Dmowski influenced Czech and Polish politics, political and intellectual thought before 1914. During the First World War, they were leaders of Czechoslovak and Polish politics in West European emigration (Masaryk as the president of the Czechoslovak National Committee, Dmowski as the president of the Polish National Committee). Nevertheless, in the postwar period, their career diverged. Masaryk became president of Czechoslovakia and symbol of the Czechoslovak identity, Dmowski represented rather the opposition against mainstream development in postwar Poland. The first and the second parts of the thesis deal with Masaryk's (first part) and Dmowski's (second part) concept of historical examples in search of national identity in context of their thought and life. Therefore, these parts are organized chronologically and pay attention to...
Unesco World Heritage Sites: Ways of Presenting & and Interpreting the Pas. As seen in: Kutná Hora, Hiroshima Villa Romana del Casale
Kovářová, Linda ; Klusáková, Luďa (advisor) ; Uherek, Zdeněk (referee) ; Sonkoly, Gábor (referee)
This thesis deals with a specific group of historical sites called World Heritage, which are registered on the UNESCO World Heritage List. It characterizes the basic elements of the UNESCO World Heritage idea as a cultural and social process, which engages in acts of remembering that work to create ways to understand, present and interpret the past within the present social frameworks. The thesis brings to the attention a range of viewpoints about the nature of heritage in general and the UNESCO World Heritage in specific that have emerged in the relatively new area of academic interdisciplinary heritage studies. For the purposes of exploring different aspects of the World Heritage phenomenon, following themes of heritage discourse have been developed: remembering and making public use of the past, the UNESCO approach and the ways of presenting and interpreting the past. In order to give a sense of what World Heritage looks like on the ground this thesis details some aspects of three different World Heritage sites. To study such matters in the physical world a strategy of undertaking case studies of three specific UNESCO sites and employing the methods of direct observation and a fieldwork were chosen. Closer examinations of the Czech medieval town of Kutná Hora, the Hiroshima Peace Memorial Park...
New Petrogradskaya District in St. Petersburg: a symbol of modernity
Sashnikova, Stepanida ; Klusáková, Luďa (advisor) ; Tumis, Stanislav (referee) ; Berelowitch, Wladimir (referee)
As a consequence of its urban development in the beginning of the 20th century, Petrogradskaya storona, the district of St. Petersburg, turned from an abandoned area into a well-developed territory with modern tenement houses and public places, contemporary infrastructure, industrial enterprises and educational organizations. Caused by the population increase in the city, as well as the presence of non-built space in the district and the construction of the Trinity Bridge to serve as a connection with the center of St. Petersburg, this urban development was influenced by the socially-mixed population of the area - representatives of bourgeoisie and intelligentsia initiated urban projects and common people created demand for them. The urban development of the Petrograd district, analyzed through the use of modern infrastructure as well as the construction of new tenement houses and public places as its main processes, is characterized by certain common tendencies. The most important of them are the following ones: the primacy of private initiative and charity under governmental regulation; attention to the requirements of representatives of different social groups and the provision of equal access to conveniences in tenement houses and to events in public places. The use of modern architecture,...
"Eastern Europe" in the Mental Map of an English Traveller from the 16th to the 18th Century
Radiměřská, Božena ; Klusáková, Luďa (advisor) ; Kubeš, Jiří (referee) ; Křížová, Markéta (referee)
"Eastern Europe" in the Mental Map of an English Traveller from the 16th to the 18th Century Abstract The thesis aims to interpret the early modern English/British travel writings about (Central) Eastern Europe. It results in the reconstruction of mental maps of the selected travellers with regard to a typology (merchants, professionals, intellectuals, clergymen, and women). The special attention is paid to the images of marginality, such as inconvenience and danger, ignorance and backwardness, exaggeration and pomp, former splendour and present lamentation, pleasant and unpleasant landscape. The primary sources comprise a selection of fifteen travel writings which are read and interpreted with respect to the development of the genre and to the broader cultural and historical context. The covering concept is a mental map conceived as an imaginary representation of space and as a tool for cultural orientation and self-identification. The reconstruction of the mental maps is performed in four steps. Firstly, by defining the subject (a traveller) within the typology. Secondly, the landmarks (centres) in the mental maps are reconstructed. Thirdly, the images of marginality are presented. Finally, the mental maps are concluded. Methodologically, the thesis is based on the interpretation and language analysis of...
Is the urban district a «mixing place » ? Case study of Arnaud-Bernard neighbourhood in Toulouse in 1990s.
Bouchot, Alicia ; Klusáková, Luďa (advisor) ; Green, Nancy (referee) ; György, Eszter (referee) ; Ozouf Marignier, Marie Vic (referee)
The aim of the analysis is to question the meaning of the idea of "mixed neighborhood" today in France. The research focuses on Arnaud-Bernard, city center district of Toulouse, during the beginning of the 1990's. Three aspects are significant: different waves of immigration, different names, and a singular event, the "district's dish" (repas-de-quartier") as social link's creator. The mechanism of the Carrefour-Culturel, main association in the neighborhood in order to build a "mixed neighborhood", has been studied in this thesis. Interviews and sources from the association have been analyzed. Moreover the literature has been examined in order to underline the complexity of the idea of "mixed neighborhood". Résumé L'objet de l'analyse est de questionner ce que signifie la « mixité » et ce qu'elle désigne à l'échelle d'un quartier aujourd'hui en France. La recherche se focalise sur le quartier Arnaud-Bernard du centre ville de Toulouse à partir des années 1990. La particularité de ce quartier repose sur trois choses essentielles : les vagues migratoires successives qu'il a vu arriver en son sein, les différents noms qui lui ont été attribués et la création d'un évènement, le repas-de-quartier comme créateur de lien social à l'échelle du quartier. Dès lors, nous avons observé les dynamiques mises en...

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