National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Monitoring of the development of the Huntington's disease in transgenic minipigs with N-terminal part of human mutated huntingtin: biochemical and motoric changes of F0, F1 and F2 generation
Kučerová, Šárka ; Ellederová, Zdeňka (advisor) ; Klempíř, Jiří (referee)
Huntington's disease (HD) belongs to neurodegenerative disorders. It is a monogenic disease caused by trinucleotic CAG expansion in exon 1 of gene coding protein huntingtin. Even though the cause of HD is known since 1993, the pathophysiology and cure for HD reminds to be found. The animal models are being used for better understanding of HD. The most common animal models for HD are rodents, especially mice but it was also important to create large animal models, which will be more like human. Therefore, TgHD minipig was created in Academic of Science in Liběchov in 2009. This model was created by microinjection of lentiviral vector carrying N-terminal part of human HTT with 124 repetitive CAG in exon 1. This model is viable and in every generation, is part of the offspring transgenic. In this thesis, I specialized to biochemical and behavioral changes of this model. I compared transgenic and wild type siblings. I found that biochemical changes are manifested mostly by increased level of mtHtt fragments in testes and brain. In behavioral part of this thesis I established new methods for testing behavioral changes in this model. The introduced methods showed some changes between wild type and transgenic animals at the tested ages but these changes were not significant due to the low number of...
Protein analysis of selected mitochondrial proteins in the muscle tissue of porcine model of Huntington's disease
Dosoudilová, Žaneta ; Klempíř, Jiří (advisor) ; Baxa, Monika (referee)
Huntington's disease (HD) is an autosomal dominant hereditary neurodegenerative disease characterized by motor, cognitive and behavioral disorders. HD is caused by expansion of CAG triplet (cytosine-adenosine-guanine) located in a gene on the short arm of the fourth chromosome. This expansion encodes an aberrant polyglutamine chain in the protein huntingtin. Physiological and mutated huntingtin (in case of HD) are expressed in almost all tissues and influences many cellular functions. The prevalence of HD in population is about 1 per 10.000. The disease is currently incurable and its mechanisms are not sufficiently understood. Besides affecting the central nervous system HD also affects peripheral tissues, including skeletal muscles. HD disrupts mitochondrial function and damages oxidative phosphorylation system, which has the task of producing energy in the form of ATP in cells. Research of transgenic minipig model for HD could help elucidate the mechanisms of disease's pathogenesis and potential therapeutic strategy. In this diploma thesis, immunodetection with help of specific antibodies to detect changes in amount of 14 selected mitochondrial proteins in skeletal muscle tissue of three age groups of transgenic HD minipigs - 24, 36 and 48 months old was used. Gradual progression in reduced...

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