National Repository of Grey Literature 11 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Indicators of educational results in chemistry teaching of the Czech Republic
Tříska, Jan ; Čtrnáctová, Hana (advisor) ; Ganajová, Mária (referee) ; Klečková, Marta (referee)
This thesis focuses on the indicators of quality of education. The indicators are learning exercises the aim of which is to prove whether the tested pupils reached the level of knowledge defined by the national curriculum and listed in the Framework Education Programme. While learning Chemistry, the students should master the key competencies and educational objectives from the education area "Man and Nature" and further from the subject of Chemistry. The thesis focuses on the evidence of reaching the educational goals in Chemistry within the scope of General Chemistry. Since the level of knowledge defined by the Framework Education Programme is not very specific, the author of this thesis decided to settle the educational goals for the subject of General Chemistry based on the study of expert literature and curricular documents. Furthermore, the author also suggests a system of indicators which can be used to verify reaching these goals by the pupils of the secondary schools. The thesis also includes one of the models of working with such indicators. The indicator system was first assessed by a focus group (Chemistry teachers and experts in Didactics of Chemistry). This focus group evaluated the content and the construct validity of the suggested indicators. Afterwards, some of the learning...
Scientific literacy and its development by using learning tasks in Chemistry for ISCED 2 level
Distler, Petr ; Teplý, Pavel (advisor) ; Klečková, Marta (referee) ; Čtrnáctová, Hana (referee)
The objective of the dissertation was to assess the suitability of the scientific literacy development by using learning tasks in chemistry classes for ISCED 2. By comparing the learning tasks types in commercial workbooks and in the international assessment PISA, a significant difference in their structure was found out. Although the Czech Republic has undertaken to participate in the PISA project, Czech teachers have a different type of teaching tasks commonly available in their workbooks than the pupils afterwards solve in the PISA project. PISA's released and author's learning tasks were compiled into authentic workbooks. They were used in chemistry classes during the school year 2016/2017. Based on the pupils' results in the final assignments, all groups of grammar school pupils from experimental groups achieved better results in solving multicomponent learning tasks than the control group. However, the results of elementary schools pupils were significantly worse at final test scores than at initial ones, which was explained by the entire loss of their motivation to study. Pupils rated motivation to work with multicomponent tasks above average. They were fully aware of the importance and usefulness of solving multicomponent learning tasks, and, therefore, they solved them with proper...
The analysis of application knowledge and skills of chemistry curriculum on the secondary medical schools
Vargová, Zuzana ; Solárová, Marie (advisor) ; Kolář, Karel (referee) ; Klečková, Marta (referee)
Key Words secondary medical school, organic compounds, work sheet, textbook, laboratory assistant, nutrition assistant, medical assistant Abstract Tuition of chemistry at medical schools is in many aspects similar to tuition at other secondary schools without focus on chemistry. Nevertheless number of lessons dedicated to chemistry rather proves that chemistry belongs to the essential subjects. The fact that this science is important for medical praxis is supported by the argument that chemistry is taught also at training colleges and universities with medical focus. The ground for the thesis is made by authors real experience gained from long-term work at Secondary Medical School and Training Medical College in Ostrava. As the main goal of the work we set to find out if the students are capable of using their knowledge, skills and habits gained by studying chemistry in the first or potentially second year of the secondary school in professional contexts, which is very often linked to nature compounds. The goals were achieved by research inquiries and stated hypotheses. For the research the questionnaire method was applied and further on also the worksheets and knowledge-focused didactic test which had its base in Framework Study Programme and textbooks in use. Student of medical schools were divided into...
Quizzes, Puzzles and Other Similar Games as a Tool of Motivation in Chemistry
Petrů, Michaela ; Cídlová, Hana (advisor) ; Klečková, Marta (referee) ; Solárová, Marie (referee)
The dissertation deals with the effectiveness of the useof motivational elements like different types of crossword puzzles, riddles, rebuses and word plays etc. in teaching chemistry atlower secondary school. First, the database of motivational problems was created. The tasks (problems) are designed for practicing the curriculum of chemistry at lower secondary school in combination with one of the following subjects - mathematics, physics, biology or geography. Partia collection of problems that combine chemistry curriculum with geography or biology are available at The remaining two collections are attached to this dissertation. These problems were subsequently used in an one and half year research focused on the impact of their use in teaching on the relationship of pupils to chemistry and on the results of their education in chemistry at lower secondary school. The research was initiated with a total of 886 pupils of the 3rd grade of lower secondary school. At the beginnig of the second semester these pupils completed an initial questionnaire focused on their relationship to chemistry. At the same time, the same pupils were also exposed to a test focused on chemistry curriculum corresponding to their level of education. The one-semester...
Natural Substances in Project Based Learning
Lechová, Petra ; Ganajová, Mária (advisor) ; Klečková, Marta (referee) ; Teplá, Milada (referee)
Subject: Natural Substances in Project Based Learning The given dissertation deals with problems in project education in chemistry. It consists of three main parts - theoretical, practical, and research. The theoretical part generalizes knowledge which characterizes project education based on history, describes ideas about project education from various authors, basic terms, phases, positive and uncertain aspects, and the status of the teacher, student, etc. The practical part describes the means we created in carrying out our dissertation. The Electronic Study Guide Digital Library and didactic manual Natural Substances in Project Education will serve as study guides for chemistry teachers and students interested in education and project application in the field of Natural substances. The research part generalizes the characteristics and results of the pedagogical experiment focusing on verification of the effectiveness of project education in the area of Bio substances in living organisms. The determined hypotheses were verified based on statistical methods. The results of the research proved the main hypothesis: project education increased the effectivity of chemistry education in terms of the students attitude to natural sciences, increased the length of time students remember subject matter,...
Demonstrations as an illustrative tool in chemistry education
Hájková, Zdeňka ; Šmejkal, Petr (advisor) ; Klečková, Marta (referee) ; Nižňanský, Daniel (referee)
Demonstrations are considered an important illustrative tool in chemistry education. Quite often teachers use demonstrations of experiments and multimedia demonstrations. Besides, "non-experimental" demonstrations might also be useful, such as material models and demonstrations based on macroscopic analogy that can be usually carried out only with household items and materials. This dissertation is especially aimed at selecting appropriate demonstrations, at their design, development and use of "non-experimental" demonstrations. Moreover, special attention was paid to the interdisciplinary demonstrations concerning the nanoworld, so called "nanodemonstrations". All "nanodemonstrations" presented are safe, cheap and rather timesaving. Furthermore, they can be carried out in a form of lecture and / or students' demonstration. Newly created as well as adopted (and modified) "nanodemonstrations" were collected into the Czech database of "nanodemonstrations". The database was additionally accompanied with following educational materials concerning "nano": two PowerPoint presentations, worksheets that supplement students' "nanodemonstrations" and worksheets with interdisciplinary tasks. This thesis also deals with the evaluation of "nanodemonstrations" and worksheets in secondary school classes. The...
Environmental Aspects of Chemistry Teaching and Learning at High School
Schmutzerová, Linda ; Bílek, Martin (advisor) ; Klečková, Marta (referee) ; Feszterová, Melánia (referee)
The abstract The main aim of the dissertation was to find out the level of knowledge and opinions of secondary technical and especially grammar school students in the field of Chemistry focusing on environmental problems of these days and their solutions. As a follow up of the research and the analysis of the current curriculum in Chemistry in grammar schools there are suggestions for some amendments in this subject. First of all, current trends of the environmental studies in different years of the educational system were monitored and the research results of preparation, realization and evaluation in secondary technical and grammar schools were analysed. In order to find out the level of environmental aspects in the content of the Chemistry textbooks currently in use at grammar schools, they were analysed by focusing on their eco-oriented content, the useable parts in each chapter were evaluated and some recommendations for their amendments were offered. Selected grammar school and secondary technical school students undertook the survey in order to find out their knowledge and opinions about the current environmental problems. The method of the research was conducted in the form of research questions and relevant hypothesis which was focused on finding out attitudes and opinions about the creation and...
Methods Activating Students in Education of Chemistry
Kesnerová Řádková, Olga ; Bílek, Martin (advisor) ; Klečková, Marta (referee) ; Dobrovská, Dana (referee)
Topic: Methods of Activating Students in Education of Chemistry Author: Olga Kesnerová Řádková Abstract This dissertation work aims at teaching methods in the subject of chemistry and it concentrates mainly on methods with quite a high proportion of activation of pupils. The benefits and disadvantages of activating teaching methods, possible criteria for their choice, conditions for their putting into practice and similar, are described. Later, the work focuses on four chosen activating methods, namely brainstorming methods, project method, didactic games and work with a fictional and another type of a text which is applied here into natural science teaching, namely into chemistry teaching. A story with a chemical experiment can serve as an example. The research part contains a case study of putting project teaching methods into practice which includes a record and analysis of the condition and of the problem connected with its implementation, as well as the initiation of the project with the help of brainstorming methods. Participation observing, questionnaires, mini polls and discussions were used in our case study. Altogether 184 second year students for the teaching profession of the Pedagogical Faculty of Hradec Králové University took part in the research. On the basis of the results of the research...
Education in inorganic chemistry in the context of common life
Matoušková, Šárka ; Čtrnáctová, Hana (advisor) ; Vojtíšek, Pavel (referee) ; Klečková, Marta (referee)
CHARLES UNIVERSITY IN PRAGUE Faculty of Science Department of Teaching& Didactics of Chemistry Ph.D. study program: Chemistry Education Education in Inorganic Chemistry in Context of Common Life Ph. D. thesis Mgr. Šárka Matoušková Abstract The objective of this Ph.D. thesis is to contribute to the effectiveness and quality of education of inorganic chemistry in the context of common life. The first chapter characterizes the current state of inorganic chemistry as a science and as a teaching subject. The requirements of the teachers teaching inorganic chemistry in secondary schools were determined by using the method of personal interview in the second chapter. After comparing the school systems in the third chapter and the analysis of selected textbooks used in the Czech Republic and in one of the countries of Germany, the criteria for creating teaching materials for inorganic chemistry were set. A textbook on the topic of the transition metals for secondary school pupils was created by means of a transformation of a scientific text. Finally, the textbook was evaluated by chemistry teachers at secondary schools in the form of a questionnaire survey and adjusted to the final form. Keywords: school system, secondary school, inorganic chemistry, chemistry education, textbook, transition metals, interview,...
Transforming teacher education of chemistry in the Czech republic
Čerňanská, Božena ; Čtrnáctová, Hana (advisor) ; Klečková, Marta (referee) ; Vašutová, Jaroslava (referee)
Title: Transforming teacher education of chemistry in the Czech Republic Abstract: The title of the dissertation is 'Transforming teacher education of chemistry in the Czech Republic'. The work describes and analyzes the current system of the pregraduate prospective teachers' training of chemistry at universities and faculties of science focused on teaching science as well the subsequent in-service education of chemistry teachers in this country. The work also takes into account the post-war development of education in the republic from 1945 until present and the list of all the universities and faculties that educate chemistry teachers. The most important section of this work identifies and analyzes the current state of training and further education of chemistry teachers and the design of chemistry teachers educational conception in the Czech Republic. Key words: teaching profession, undergraduate pre-service teacher training, continuing in-service teacher training/education, educational institutions, curriculum reform, lifelong educatio

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