National Repository of Grey Literature 62 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
X-ray micro-tomography characterization of voids caused by three-point bending in selected alkali-activated aluminosilicate composite
Kumpová, Ivana ; Rozsypalová, I. ; Keršner, Z. ; Rovnaníková, P. ; Vopálenský, Michal
This paper deals with the pilot characterization of a special alkali-activated aluminosilicate composite composed of waste brick powder, brick rubble and a solution of potassium water glass. Fracture tests were conducted on the specimens via three-point bending and fracture parameters were evaluated. Selected specimen was investigated using micro-tomography to supplement the results with visual information about the inner structure of this newly designed material before and after the mechanical loading. Tomographic measurements and image processing were conducted for a qualitative and quantitative assessment of changes in the internal structure with an emphasis on the calculation of porosimetric parameters and visualization of the fracture surface. Fractal dimension of fracture surface was estimated.
Ballistic-Proof Concretes
Koutný, Ondřej ; Bílek,, Vlastimil (referee) ; Keršner, Zbyněk (referee) ; Ptáček, Petr (advisor)
Doctoral thesis „Ballistic-proof concretes“ deals with description, design and development of material based on ultra-high performance fibre reinforced cementitious composite with increased ballistic resistance i.e. increased resistance against high-strain rate dynamic loading induced by interaction of high-velocity moving objects. High mechanical properties, essential for such a material, are reached especially by maximal reduction of water-to-binder coefficient using high-range water reducing agents, high-strength aggregates and dense structure by precise selection and dosage of raw materials in the recipe. The main goal is to prepare a methodology for design of such a materials, observation of material behaviour on ballistic loading and quantitative description of material response for protective structures design. Properties of designed materials within this thesis are comparing with properties of commercially available and commonly used cementitious composites in order to create a concept for material limits in the field of ballistic protection. This concept enables to estimate ballistic protection of present or newly-designed materials and structures.
Fracture Parameters of AAAS composites with ceramic precursor
Šimonová, H. ; Rozsypalová, I. ; Kumpová, Ivana ; Trčka, T. ; Frantík, P. ; Rovnaníková, P. ; Keršner, Z.
The paper deals with alkali-activated aluminosilicate composites based on ceramic precursors with respect to their characterization by fracture-mechanical parameters. Three composites made of brick dust as a precursor and alkaline activator with silicate modulus Ms = 1.0, 1.2 and 1.4 were investigated. After 28 days of maturation, specimens with nominal dimensions of 40 × 40 × 160 mm were provided by an initial notch to 1/3 of the body height in the middle of the span. At least 6 samples were tested from each composite. Specimens were subjected to three-point bending tests during which force vs. deflection at midspan (F–d) and force vs. crack mouth opening displacement (F–CMOD) diagrams were recorded. By processing these diagrams, the values of the static modulus of elasticity, the effective fracture toughness (including its initiating component) and the specific fracture energy were determined using the effective crack model, Work-of-Fracture method, and Double-K fracture model. After the fracture experiments had been performed, compressive strength values were determined for informational purposes from one part of each specimen that remained after testing. All evaluations included the determination of arithmetic means and standard deviations. To obtain information about the internal structure of composites before and after mechanical testing, the selected body was examined by micro-tomography. Tomographic measurements and image processing were performed for qualitative and quantitative evaluation of internal structure changes with an emphasis on the calculation of porosimetric parameters as well as visualization of the fracture process zone. The fractal dimension of fracture objects was determined.
ON THE ENERGY RELEASE RATE OF THE CRACK EMANATING FROM THE INCLUSION INTERPHASE
Profant, T. ; Hrstka, M. ; Klusák, Jan ; Kersner, Z.
The problem of the crack emanating from the interphase region of the circular inclusion is investigated. The problem combines an application of dislocation distribution technique for a crack modelling and the method of boundary integral equations to approximate the loading along the boundary of the domain containing an inclusion. The topological derivative method provides the combination of both approaches and results to the evaluation of the energy release rate of the arbitrary oriented microcrack emanating from the inclusion and matrix interphase. The fundamental solution intended to the boundary integral method such as the continuously distributed dislocation technique is based on the application of Muschelishvili complex potentials in the form of the Laurent series. The coefficients of the series are evaluated from the compatibility conditions along the interfaces of inclusion, interface and matrix.
Possibilities of using 4D computed tomography in fracture tests
Kumpová, Ivana ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Koudelka, Petr ; Rozsypalová, I. ; Keršner, Z. ; Kytýř, Daniel ; Vopálenský, Michal ; Vavřík, Daniel ; Vyhlídal, M. ; Drdácký, Miloš
The paper presents the study of the internal structure and fracture properties of selected quasi-brittle building materials subjected to temperature changes and the possibility of applying the method combining bending fracture tests and time-dependent computed tomography (4D CT). The tested specimens were subjected to hightemperature effects and subsequently tested by a four-point bending during 4D CT. Thus, 3D image information was obtained in different phases of loading and material damage. Comparative compression strength measurements were also performed. These results are in good agreement
ON THE ENERGY RELEASE RATE OF THE CRACK EMANATING FROM THE INCLUSION INTERPHASE
Profant, T. ; Hrstka, M. ; Klusák, Jan ; Kersner, Z.
The problem of the crack emanating from the interphase region of the circular inclusion is investigated. The problem combines an application of dislocation distribution technique for a crack modelling and the method of boundary integral equations to approximate the loading along the boundary of the domain containing an inclusion. The topological derivative method provides the combination of both approaches and results to the evaluation of the energy release rate of the arbitrary oriented microcrack emanating from the inclusion and matrix interphase. The fundamental solution intended to the boundary integral method such as the continuously distributed dislocation technique is based on the application of Muschelishvili complex potentials in the form of the Laurent series. The coefficients of the series are evaluated from the compatibility conditions along the interfaces of inclusion, interface and matrix.
Determination of Fatigue Characteristics of Concrete Using Fracture-Mechanics Parameteres
Šimonová, Hana ; Králik,, Juraj (referee) ; Terzijski, Ivailo (referee) ; Bílek,, Vlastimil (referee) ; Keršner, Zbyněk (advisor)
The topic of this PhD. thesis is the issue of determining fatigue characteristics of selected cement-based composites. First, the history of fatigue of metal is mentioned, and some basic notions related to fatigue are clarified. The thesis also summarizes current research in the field of cement-based composites fatigue, and failure mechanisms of plain concrete during static and dynamic tests are described. Furthermore, the thesis deals with the evaluation of static and dynamic experiments’ results with extensive series of C30/37 and C45/55 class concrete specimens. In order to achieve relevant fatigue test evaluation which takes into account the age of the specimens, a new correction procedure of the data measured based on the approximation of the basic fracture-mechanics parameters of tested materials over time was suggested and verified. The annexes of this thesis present complete data obtained during static and dynamic experiments.
Modelling and experimental verification of zipline
Dobrovolný, Tomáš ; Keršner, Zbyněk (referee) ; Frantík, Petr (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with the numerical modeling of the zip-line and its experimental verification on a small scale. An experimental zip-line is identified and then the results are compared with the numerical model outputs. The goal is to validate abilities of the numerical model in the case of simulation of a zip-line.
Fracture tests of selected specimens with special aggregates: experiments and numerical simulation
Majda, Tomáš ; Malíková, Lucie (referee) ; Keršner, Zbyněk (advisor)
The diploma thesis deals with selected fracture tests and evaluation of fracture parameters of cement-based composite. One part of the thesis deals with cement-based composite with glass spherical aggregate of a single fraction of 2 mm. After production, the beams with dimensions of 20×40×200mm exposed to temperatures in the range from 100 to 1000 °C for one hour. Using the non-destructive ultrasonic pulse method, the degree of damage caused by termal load was determined. Selected specimen with central edge notch were then tested in three-point bending and fragments after these tests were tested in compression. In the second part, attention was paid to the evaluation of fracture tests conducted on specimen from drill-cores taken from selected objects located at the former Transgas Gas Control Center in Prague. The specimen were provided with a chevron notch before being tested in three-point bending. The measured data was modified by the GTDiPS program and in the case of the glass composite the StiCrack program was used to evaluate fracture parameters.
Stress state aspects of quasi-brittle fracture
Sobek, Jakub ; Němeček,, Jiří (referee) ; Keršner, Zbyněk (referee) ; Klusák,, Jan (referee) ; Veselý, Václav (advisor)
The presented dissertation thesis is focused, as the title suggests, on the analysis of stress state aspects of quasi-brittle fracture. That means the fracture of composite materials with cement matrix (such as concrete, mortar, plaster, etc.), ceramics and other composites. Used methods are based on the theory of multi-parameter linear elastic fracture mechanics, which highlights the importance of considering of several initial terms of Williams power series, approximating the stress and displacement fields in a cracked body, within conducted fracture analyses. Determination of values of coefficients of terms of this series, recalculated into the shape functions serving in most of the conducted stress state analyses, is performed via the so called over-deterministic method. Another tool for the problem solving is nonlinear fracture mechanics, represented primarily by the cohesive crack model, namely the crack band model implemented in the used ATENA software. For the backward reconstruction of stress field in the cracked bodies the application ReFraPro is used. The analytical part deals with various aspects of wedge-splitting test – from the boundary conditions, though various possibilities of nodal selection (required as input variables for the over-deterministic method) up to the advanced (automated) analysis of numerical model. Special chapter includes atypical test specimens designed for adjusting of various levels of constraint of stress and deformation at the propagating crack tip. The study of this geometry and also the subsequent detail analysis reveals important information for real experiments. Backward reconstruction of stress field presents analysis on suitable possibilities of nodal selections as inputs into the procedure of approximation of the crack tip fields and answers the question of the necessity of application of the multi-parameter linear elastic fracture mechanics for certain fracture analyses of specimens from quasi-brittle materials. The th

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6 Keršner, Z.