National Repository of Grey Literature 65 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Chimney demolition modeling
Ficker, Tomáš ; Keršner, Zbyněk (referee) ; Frantík, Petr (advisor)
The thesis deals with solving of a discrete dynamic 2D model of a chimney during its demolition. Specific goal of the thesis is to clarify observed phenomenon that is a break of the chimney while falling. The model of the chimney is designed and solved using software FyDiK which is able to solve dynamic effects. For verification of results, two models of chimney have been designed.
Evaluation of fracture response of Silesian granite specimens via Effective Crack Model approach and finite element analysis
Malíková, L. ; Vavro, Leona ; Vavro, Martin ; Keršner, Z.
The paper is focused on the advanced evaluation of fracture tests of selected rock specimens. Assessment of fracture response of chevron notch cylindrical specimens of Silesian granite subjected to three-point bending test was performed. The effective crack model is used and academic software chevroncylinder (author Petr Frantík) based on the finite element method is applied for the analyses. Based on the described procedures, estimation of maximum values of the effective fracture toughness are established and discussed.
Characterization of Božanov sandstone: pilot fracture tests
Kumpová, I. ; Rozsypalová, I. ; Vavro, Leona ; Vavro, Martin ; Keršner, Z.
The aim of this paper is a characterization ofsandstone from Božanov quarry near Broumov, Czech Republic,by means of the pilot fracture tests. Five drill-core test specimens withnominal diameter of 50mm and lengths of 100 and 125mmwere provided by an initial chevron type notch. Specimens were loaded in the configuration of the three-point bending as a displacement driven experimentusing LabTest 6.250 equipment in the laboratory of the Institute of Building Testing, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Brno University of Technology. The load versus displacement diagrams were used to quantify the basic mechanical fracture parameters of the studied sandstone: modulus of elasticity, fracture toughness, toughness, and specific fracture energy.
X-ray micro-tomography characterization of voids caused by three-point bending in selected alkali-activated aluminosilicate composite
Kumpová, Ivana ; Rozsypalová, I. ; Keršner, Z. ; Rovnaníková, P. ; Vopálenský, Michal
This paper deals with the pilot characterization of a special alkali-activated aluminosilicate composite composed of waste brick powder, brick rubble and a solution of potassium water glass. Fracture tests were conducted on the specimens via three-point bending and fracture parameters were evaluated. Selected specimen was investigated using micro-tomography to supplement the results with visual information about the inner structure of this newly designed material before and after the mechanical loading. Tomographic measurements and image processing were conducted for a qualitative and quantitative assessment of changes in the internal structure with an emphasis on the calculation of porosimetric parameters and visualization of the fracture surface. Fractal dimension of fracture surface was estimated.
Ballistic-Proof Concretes
Koutný, Ondřej ; Bílek,, Vlastimil (referee) ; Keršner, Zbyněk (referee) ; Ptáček, Petr (advisor)
Doctoral thesis „Ballistic-proof concretes“ deals with description, design and development of material based on ultra-high performance fibre reinforced cementitious composite with increased ballistic resistance i.e. increased resistance against high-strain rate dynamic loading induced by interaction of high-velocity moving objects. High mechanical properties, essential for such a material, are reached especially by maximal reduction of water-to-binder coefficient using high-range water reducing agents, high-strength aggregates and dense structure by precise selection and dosage of raw materials in the recipe. The main goal is to prepare a methodology for design of such a materials, observation of material behaviour on ballistic loading and quantitative description of material response for protective structures design. Properties of designed materials within this thesis are comparing with properties of commercially available and commonly used cementitious composites in order to create a concept for material limits in the field of ballistic protection. This concept enables to estimate ballistic protection of present or newly-designed materials and structures.
Fracture Parameters of AAAS composites with ceramic precursor
Šimonová, H. ; Rozsypalová, I. ; Kumpová, Ivana ; Trčka, T. ; Frantík, P. ; Rovnaníková, P. ; Keršner, Z.
The paper deals with alkali-activated aluminosilicate composites based on ceramic precursors with respect to their characterization by fracture-mechanical parameters. Three composites made of brick dust as a precursor and alkaline activator with silicate modulus Ms = 1.0, 1.2 and 1.4 were investigated. After 28 days of maturation, specimens with nominal dimensions of 40 × 40 × 160 mm were provided by an initial notch to 1/3 of the body height in the middle of the span. At least 6 samples were tested from each composite. Specimens were subjected to three-point bending tests during which force vs. deflection at midspan (F–d) and force vs. crack mouth opening displacement (F–CMOD) diagrams were recorded. By processing these diagrams, the values of the static modulus of elasticity, the effective fracture toughness (including its initiating component) and the specific fracture energy were determined using the effective crack model, Work-of-Fracture method, and Double-K fracture model. After the fracture experiments had been performed, compressive strength values were determined for informational purposes from one part of each specimen that remained after testing. All evaluations included the determination of arithmetic means and standard deviations. To obtain information about the internal structure of composites before and after mechanical testing, the selected body was examined by micro-tomography. Tomographic measurements and image processing were performed for qualitative and quantitative evaluation of internal structure changes with an emphasis on the calculation of porosimetric parameters as well as visualization of the fracture process zone. The fractal dimension of fracture objects was determined.
ON THE ENERGY RELEASE RATE OF THE CRACK EMANATING FROM THE INCLUSION INTERPHASE
Profant, T. ; Hrstka, M. ; Klusák, Jan ; Kersner, Z.
The problem of the crack emanating from the interphase region of the circular inclusion is investigated. The problem combines an application of dislocation distribution technique for a crack modelling and the method of boundary integral equations to approximate the loading along the boundary of the domain containing an inclusion. The topological derivative method provides the combination of both approaches and results to the evaluation of the energy release rate of the arbitrary oriented microcrack emanating from the inclusion and matrix interphase. The fundamental solution intended to the boundary integral method such as the continuously distributed dislocation technique is based on the application of Muschelishvili complex potentials in the form of the Laurent series. The coefficients of the series are evaluated from the compatibility conditions along the interfaces of inclusion, interface and matrix.
Possibilities of using 4D computed tomography in fracture tests
Kumpová, Ivana ; Fíla, Tomáš ; Koudelka, Petr ; Rozsypalová, I. ; Keršner, Z. ; Kytýř, Daniel ; Vopálenský, Michal ; Vavřík, Daniel ; Vyhlídal, M. ; Drdácký, Miloš
The paper presents the study of the internal structure and fracture properties of selected quasi-brittle building materials subjected to temperature changes and the possibility of applying the method combining bending fracture tests and time-dependent computed tomography (4D CT). The tested specimens were subjected to hightemperature effects and subsequently tested by a four-point bending during 4D CT. Thus, 3D image information was obtained in different phases of loading and material damage. Comparative compression strength measurements were also performed. These results are in good agreement
ON THE ENERGY RELEASE RATE OF THE CRACK EMANATING FROM THE INCLUSION INTERPHASE
Profant, T. ; Hrstka, M. ; Klusák, Jan ; Kersner, Z.
The problem of the crack emanating from the interphase region of the circular inclusion is investigated. The problem combines an application of dislocation distribution technique for a crack modelling and the method of boundary integral equations to approximate the loading along the boundary of the domain containing an inclusion. The topological derivative method provides the combination of both approaches and results to the evaluation of the energy release rate of the arbitrary oriented microcrack emanating from the inclusion and matrix interphase. The fundamental solution intended to the boundary integral method such as the continuously distributed dislocation technique is based on the application of Muschelishvili complex potentials in the form of the Laurent series. The coefficients of the series are evaluated from the compatibility conditions along the interfaces of inclusion, interface and matrix.
Determination of Fatigue Characteristics of Concrete Using Fracture-Mechanics Parameteres
Šimonová, Hana ; Králik,, Juraj (referee) ; Terzijski, Ivailo (referee) ; Bílek,, Vlastimil (referee) ; Keršner, Zbyněk (advisor)
The topic of this PhD. thesis is the issue of determining fatigue characteristics of selected cement-based composites. First, the history of fatigue of metal is mentioned, and some basic notions related to fatigue are clarified. The thesis also summarizes current research in the field of cement-based composites fatigue, and failure mechanisms of plain concrete during static and dynamic tests are described. Furthermore, the thesis deals with the evaluation of static and dynamic experiments’ results with extensive series of C30/37 and C45/55 class concrete specimens. In order to achieve relevant fatigue test evaluation which takes into account the age of the specimens, a new correction procedure of the data measured based on the approximation of the basic fracture-mechanics parameters of tested materials over time was suggested and verified. The annexes of this thesis present complete data obtained during static and dynamic experiments.

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