National Repository of Grey Literature 105 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Interactions of tamarixetin and isorhamnetin with iron
Lavičková, Barbora ; Karlíčková, Jana (advisor) ; Carazo Fernández, Alejandro (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Botany Candidate: Mgr. Barbora Lavičková Supervisor: PharmDr. Jana Karlíčková, Ph.D. Title of Rigorous Thesis: Interaction of tamarixetin and isorhamnetin with iron Iron is an important element in the human body that is essential for many biological functions. For example, it is a part of enzymes. This element is able to receive or deliver electrons and occur in the body in two oxidation states Fe2+ and Fe3+ ).. Under certain circumstances it can lead to the free radicals. Tamarixetin and Isorhamnetin are quercetin metabolites classified as flavonoids. Their structure is similar, containing 4 hydroxyl groups, differing only in the position of methoxy group of pfenyl, once in the 4' position of tamarixetin, and the second in the 3' position of isorhamnetin. Both substances have significant antioxidant activity. In this rigorous thesis, we investigate the interaction of two flavonols - tamarixetin and isorhamnetin - with iron ions at different (pato) physiologically significant pHs. Namely we tested chelating and reducing activity of the substances. The chelation efficiency was spectrophotometrically measured using ferrozine, which is a selective indicator of ferrous ions with which it forms a violet-colored complex...
The effect of pyrazine derivatives on secondary metabolites content in plant cultures in vitro II.
Hanzlíková, Tereza ; Tůmová, Lenka (advisor) ; Karlíčková, Jana (referee)
The main purpose of the theses was to find if the abiotic elicitor 2,4,6-trimethyl-N-(pyrazine- 2-yl)benzenesulfonamide has any influence on the secondary metabolites production in callus and suspension cultures of Hypericum perforatum L. The cultivation was taking place in the Murashige a Skoog (MS) nutrient medium enriched by the growth regulator - alpha-naphthyl acetic acid at the concentration of 1 mg.L-1 . The elicitor was added to the cultures at the three levels of concentration: c1= 100.0 mg/100 ml; c2= 10.0 mg/100 ml; c3= 1.00 mg/100 ml. The individual samples were taken after 6, 24, 48, 72 and 168 hours of the elicitor application. The control samples without the elicitor were taken after 6, 48 and 168 hours. The collected samples were dried and subsequently transformed into methanol extracts in order to determine secondary metabolites content (rutin, hyperoside and quercetin) by HPLC method. Release of these metabolites into nutrient media was also subject of this observation. The elicitation has influenced production of the secondary metabolites, particularly in callus cultures, wherein several statistically significant values, characterizing increase in their production, were measured. The highest content of rutin (0.169 mg.g-1 DW) was determined in callus culture after 168 hours when...
Interactions of alkaloids with transition metals IV.
Loskotová, Lenka ; Macáková, Kateřina (advisor) ; Karlíčková, Jana (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Botany Candidate: Bc. Lenka Loskotová Supervisor: doc. Ing. Kateřina Macáková, Ph.D. Title of Thesis: Interactions of alkaloids with transition metals IV. Copper is a biogenic trace element that participates in the proper function of an organism. It is part of a number of enzymes and participates in metabolic processes in the human body. The level of copper in the organism should be regulated to avoid its excess or deficit, as pathologies could occur. Alkaloids are natural nitrogenous substances of alkaline nature. We find many biological activities in them. The aim of this thesis was to measure copper-chelating and copper- reducing activity of isoquinoline alkaloids: corypalmine, thalictricavine, 8-oxoberberine, fumarilin, norisocorydine and laurotetanine. Alkaloid activity was measured at different pH environments (4.5; 5.5; 6.8 and 7.5) and in the DMSO environment by a spectrophotometric method using hematoxyline and acid disodium salt bathocuproindisulfonic. Based on the results, structure-effect relationships were derived. In experimental measurement, it was found that none of us tested alkaloids showed chelating activity. Reduction activity has been demonstrated in all test substances. The lowest activity...
Interactions of reduced and oxidized glutathione with copper, iron and zinc
Salanciová, Ingrid ; Karlíčková, Jana (advisor) ; Jenčo, Jaroslav (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Botany Candidate: Ingrid Salanciová Supervisor: PharmDr. Jana Karlíčková, Ph.D. Title of Thesis: Interactions of reduced and oxidized glutathione with copper, iron and zinc Copper (Cu), iron (Fe) and zinc (Zn) are important trace elements that are necessary for proper function of the body. Excess but also the lack of these metals may lead to pathological conditions. Glutathione is the main antioxidant in the human body so it is expected to protect the organism against concequences of metal excess. Glutathione occurs in the reduced (GSH) and oxidized state as glutathione disulfide (GSSG) in the organism, both states forming an important redox system. On the other hand, glutathione can reduce these metals so that could participate in the formation of free radicals (metal based Fenton reaction). In this diploma thesis, was tested the ability of reduced and oxidized glutathione to interact with Fe, Cu and Zn in various (patho) physiological pH conditions was tested by using in vitro spectrophotometric competitive methods. Interactions include not only the chelation of Cu, Fe and Zn ions, but also their reductive activity toward Cu2+ and Fe3+ cations. Hematoxylin, bathocuproinedisulfonic acid disodium salt, ferrozine...
Preparation of a novel method for screeing of cobalt chelators
Moravcová, Monika ; Mladěnka, Přemysl (advisor) ; Karlíčková, Jana (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmacology & Toxicology Student: Monika Moravcová Supervisor: Assoc. Prof. Přemysl Mladěnka, Pharm.D., Ph.D. Title of thesis: Preparation of a Novel Method for Screening of Cobalt Chelators Cobalt as a structural part of the vitamin B12 is an essential microelement for living organisms including humans. However, its excess is associated with pathological conditions. Cobalt poisoning can be caused for example by exposure to cobalt metal dust during the production of hard metals or follow the corrosion of metal hip prosthesis. Patients intoxicated by cobalt can develop different manifestations including neurological impairment, hypothyroidism or cardiomyopathy. The aim of this work is to prepare a standardized, rapid, cheap but precise method for the screening of cobalt chelators. For this purpose, spectrophotometric detection using 1-nitroso-2-nafphhol-3,6-disulfonic acid disodium salt as the indicator was used. Firstly, it was found that the addition of cobalt ions led to a clear bathochromic shift of the maximum absorbance of the indicator. The relationship between the absorbance and cobalt concentration was highly linear from 470 to 560 nm at all 4 tested pH conditions (4.5, 5.5, 6.8 and 7.5). The sensitivity of the method...
The effects and metabolism of anthelmintics in fodder plants
Nováková, Anežka ; Skálová, Lenka (advisor) ; Karlíčková, Jana (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Biochemical Sciences Candidate: Anežka Nováková Supervisor: prof. RNDr. Lenka Skálová, Ph.D. Consultant: Ing. Lenka Langhansová, Ph.D. Title of diploma thesis: The effects and metabolism of anthelmintics in fodder plants Drugs are potentially dangerous contaminants of the environment. The entry of anthelmintics into the environment is mainly via excrement of treated animals. Anthelmintics can negatively affect the ecosystem by acting on non-target organisms such as plants and soil microorganisms. The accumulation of medicines in plants is also at risk. The consumption of these plants may promote the development of resistance in helminths. This thesis looked at the study of the influence and biotransformation of frequently used anthelmintics of albendazole (ABZ), ivermectin (IVM) and monepantel (MOP) in the forage plants of alfalfa seté (Medicago sativa) and the meadow clover (Trifolium pratense). Plants cultivated in in vitro conditions and plants grown in a greenhouse were used for evaluation. Phytotoxicity was monitored on seeds and whole plants by measuring the length of the roots, by determining the content of proline, light-collecting pigments and the total protein content. Mild phytotoxicity was observed after ivm...
Interactions of alkaloids with transition metals I.
Rzepecká, Radka ; Macáková, Kateřina (advisor) ; Karlíčková, Jana (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Botany Candidate: Radka Rzepecká Supervisor: Ing. Kateřina Macáková, Ph.D. Title of Thesis: Interactions of alkaloids with transition metals I. Copper is one of the essential trace elements that are necessary for the proper functioning of the organism. Copper is a significant component of many enzymes that affect various metabolic processes in the human body. It is important that the level of copper in the body is regulated because its deficit or excess lead to a variety of pathological conditions. Alkaloids are secondary plant metabolites that are distinguished by numerous biological activities. In this thesis the copper-chelating and copper-reducing activity of eleven isoquinoline alkaloids was measured: boldine, isocorydine, (+)-bulbocapnine, (+)-corydine, glaucine, (-)-sinoacutine, (-)-californidine, (-)-escholtzine, platycerine, (-)-fumaricine, and (+)- parfumine. Alkaloid activity was measured at four (patho) physiological pH values by a verified spectrophotometric method using two indicators: bathocuproinedisulfonic acid disodium salt and hematoxylin. Based on the results, structure-effect relationships were derived. The results show that none of the tested substances was able to chelate copper ions. In...
Natural compounds applicable for the treatment of metabolic syndrome
Hradecká, Michaela ; Karlíčková, Jana (advisor) ; Kašparová, Marie (referee)
Hradecká M.: Natural compounds applicable for the treatment of metabolic syndrome, Diploma thesis 2018/2019, Charles University, Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové, Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, pp. 60. Occurence of metabolic syndrome is increasing worldwide in children and adults. The use of natural compounds is one of possibilities in the prevention and treatment of metabolic syndrome. These compounds may act complexly or affect individual risk factors associated with metabolic syndrome. Selected plants with these effects are incorporated into my diploma thesis (for example Allium sativum, Crataegus laevigata, Hibiscus sabdariffa, Persea americana, Rosmarinus officinalis, Silybum marianum and Vaccinium myrtillus). The alga Undaria pinnatifida and fungus Pleurotus sajor-caju are also mentioned. It is necessary to carry out other clinical studies, where the positive effect of mentioned constituents will be confirmed, which could be added to the list of phytopharmaceuticals used to prevent, slow down or treat the metabolic syndrome in the future. Keywords: natural compounds, metabolic syndrome
Interactions of tamarixetin and isorhamnetin with copper
Lomozová, Zuzana ; Karlíčková, Jana (advisor) ; Chocholouš, Petr (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Pharmaceutical Botany Candidate: Zuzana Lomozová Supervisor: PharmDr. Jana Karlíčková, Ph.D. Title of Thesis: Interactions of tamarixetin and isorhamnetin with copper Keywords: tamarixetin, isorhamnetin, chelation, reduction, copper, bathocuproine, hematoxylin Copper is a biogenic trace element important for proper function of human organism. It is an essential part of several enzymes and is involved in metabolic processes in the body. Excess or lack of serum copper can lead to pathological conditions. Copper chelating agents are used to treat copper toxic effects. Flavonoids are polyphenolic substances belonging to secondary metabolites of various plants. They are part of the human diet and have a positive impact on our health. They exhibit antioxidant and anti-inflammatory effects and are able to chelate transient metals, especially iron and copper. Chelation therapy is currently used in Wilson's disease in which copper is overloaded. In the future, the chelating effects of flavonoids could be used to treat neurodegenerative diseases, cardiovascular diseases or cancer. In this diploma thesis, interactions of two flavonoids (namely tamarixetin and isorhamnetin) with copper ions in different buffers were tested....
Environmental risks of anthelmintics
Dojčanská, Nikoleta ; Szotáková, Barbora (advisor) ; Karlíčková, Jana (referee)
Charles University Faculty of Pharmacy in Hradec Králové Department of Biochemical Sciences Candidate: Nikoleta Dojčanská Supervisor: prof. Ing. Barbora Szotáková, Ph.D Title of diploma thesis: Environmental risks of anthelmintics Anthelmintics are drugs used in human and veterinary medicine for the treatment and prophylaxis of infectious diseases caused by parasites- helminths. They are admittedly beneficial to the treated organisms. However, their overall effect on the ecosystem has not yet been sufficiently explored. Anthelmintics, together with their metabolites, enter the environment in multiple ways. One possibility is directly through urine and excrements of treated livestock or indirectly by leakage of contaminated manure into surface and groundwater. Such pollution has an effect on various animal organisms and plants that have the ability to uptake xenobiotics and remove them through metabolic pathways. The aim of this work was to investigate the effect of antihelmintics ivermectin and fenbendazole on soybean plants (Glycine max). We investigated the concentration of total phenolic compounds spectrophotometrically using the Folin-Ciocalteu method. Using the colorimetric method of aluminum chloride, we found the concentration of flavonoids in soybean plants. The concentration of isoflavons-...

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