National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
A new approach for assessing the suspected pesticide poisonings of honeybees: certified methodology
Erban, Tomáš ; Kamler, Martin ; Kadlíková, Klára ; Markovič, Martin ; Titěra, Dalibor ; Seifrtová, Marcela ; Halešová, Taťána
Honeybee colonies are exposed to hundreds of plant protection products, which are especially due to improper use possible source of honeybee poisoning. The methodology introduces to the issue of honeybee poisoning including legislation and contributes with novel aspects to the indication and evaluation of the suspected honeybee poisonings, which are anually investigated by the State Veterinary Administration and the Central Institute for Supervising and Testing in Agriculture in Czechia. The methodology provides instructions to identify honeybee posining and notification of that finding. Moreover, possible confusions of the poisonings with honeybee diseases are highlighted. Some sections of the methodology provide innovative recommendations for improvement of honeybee poisoning assessing including determination of the extent of colony contamination. The present methodology is useful for the state administration, beekeepers, scientific and educational purposes.
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Paenibacillus larave destroying the honeybees (Apis mellifera) population
Haltufová, Kristýna ; Hubert, Jan (advisor) ; Kamler, Martin (referee)
Paenibacillus larvae is Gram-positive, spore-forming, rod-shaped bacteria. This pathogen threatens one of the most considerable worldwide pollinators - the honeybee (Apis mellifera). It is causative agent of bee disease called American foulbrood. Although it affects only bee larvae, preferably on the first day of its live, it is highly contagious and could quickly destroy whole bee colony. Adult bees are not susceptible to infection, however due to huge spores resilient of P. larvae, they perform the role of main disease vector. Also the careless beekeepers make it easier to spread. Bee diseases are enquired by state veterinary administration, because honeybee is classified as a livestock. If disease evolves to clinic phase, infected bees and hive with all tools must be burned. American foulbrood is one of the most deleterious bee diseases. This bachelor thesis discuss about problems of whole disease and it is focused on the interactions between bacteria Paenibacillus larvae, hymenoptera insect honeybee and human factor presented by beekeepers, state veterinary administration and corresponding laws. Key words: Paenibacillus larvae, American Foulbrood, entomopathogenic bacteria, Apis mellifera, honeybee
Causes of colony losses
Suchomelová, Eliška ; Titěra, Dalibor (advisor) ; Kamler, Martin (referee)
This bachelor thesis is focused on the causes of bee colonies losses. In the last years the number of dead bee colonies increased significantly. Especially in the years 2013 and 2014, which this paper deals with, losses were really alarming (on the nationwide average up to 30%). The theoretical part of the paper firstly presents beekeeping in general. Then, the thesis deals mainly with diseases and parasites invading bee colonies. Lastly, the paper describes hygiene and good breeding practice, which helps to prevent diseases and which should be obvious to every beekeeper. The reason for this is the fact that by not following good breeding practice the beekeeper does not threaten not only his/her own breeding, but also the breeds of neighbouring beekeepers. The aim of the thesis is to compare beekeepers practice with the help of the data collected in questionnaires. The questions concern the varroasis disease, which afflicts the beekeepers in this country most often and which is (according to the latest researches) one of the main causes of bee colonies losses. Fifteen beekeepers filled in the questionnaire. None of them (with one exception) had great losses of bee colonies. Eleven respondents noted losses within 10%. The greatest losses noted the beekeeper owning the highest number of bee colonies. The beekeepers admitted one serious mistake, not following the information leaflet of medical products, which may have decreased the effectiveness of treatment. None of the respondents had removed the sealed brood before fumigation and aerosol treatment was done. Therefore not all mites in the hive could have been exterminated.

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