National Repository of Grey Literature 6 records found  Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Phase transformations in ultra-fine grained titanium alloys
Bartha, Kristina ; Stráský, Josef (advisor) ; Kalvoda, Ladislav (referee) ; Vojtěch, Dalibor (referee)
Title: Phase transformations in ultra-fine grained titanium alloys Author: Kristína Bartha Department: Department of Physics of Materials Supervisor of the doctoral thesis: PhDr. RNDr. Josef Stráský, Ph.D., Department of Physics of Materials Abstract: Ti15Mo alloy in a metastable β solution treated condition was processed by high pressure torsion (HPT) and equal channel angular pressing (ECAP). The microstructure after HPT is severely deformed and ultra-fine grained, while ECAP deformation results in rather coarse-grained structure with shear bands containing high density of lattice defects. Two types of thermal treatments - isothermal annealing and linear heating - were carried out for the solution treated condition and both deformed materials. Wide spectrum of experimental techniques was employed to elucidate the differences in phase transformations, especially in α phase precipitation, occurring in deformed and non-deformed material upon thermal treatment. It was shown that the α phase precipitation is accelerated in the deformed materials due to a high density of lattice defects, which provide a dense net of preferred sites for nucleation and also fast diffusion paths necessary for accelerated growth. The enhanced precipitation of the α phase in deformed materials also affects the stability of the ω...
The Study of Phase Transformation in Titanium Alloys
Zháňal, Pavel ; Harcuba, Petr (advisor) ; Kalvoda, Ladislav (referee) ; Strunz, Pavel (referee)
In this work phase transformations in metastable β (primarily Ti-15Mo) alloys were studied utilizing electrical resistance, dilatometry, transmission electron microscopy and X-ray and neutron diffraction. The materials Ti-15Mo, Ti-6.8Mo-4.5Fe-1.5Al (LCB), Ti-5Al-5V-5Mo-3Cr (Ti-5553), Ti-29Nb-1Fe-0.5Si (TNFS), Ti-15Mo-3Nb-3Al-0.2Si (Timetal 21S) and Ti-13Cr-1Fe-3Al (TCFA) (in wt. %) - were subjected to a solution treatment at a temperature above β transus and quenched into water. In this condition, the microstructure of the investigated materials consists of β matrix and ω particles. Samples quenched from important temperatures determined from in-situ electrical resistance and dilatometry measurements were studied by post-mortem TEM. In-situ X-ray and neutron diffraction provided direct observations of microstructure of Ti-15Mo alloy during linear heating and confirmed statements based on results of indirect methods, such as: the decrease of volume fraction of ω phase during heating at low temperatures (up to 250 ◦ C), complete dissolution of ω phase at 560 ◦ C and precipitation of α phase without ω particles serving as its direct precursors. X-ray diffraction experiment allowed to determine relative evolution of the size of ω particles while phase fraction evolution was derived from neutron diffraction. The...
Structure analysis of some transition metal silicides using X-ray diffraction and dynamical refinement against electron diffraction data
Antunes Corrêa, Cinthia ; Janeček, Miloš (advisor) ; Kalvoda, Ladislav (referee) ; Kužel, Radomír (referee)
Title: Structure analysis of some transition metal silicides using X-ray diffraction and dynamical refinement against electron diffraction data Author: Cinthia Antunes Corrˆea Department: Physics of Materials Supervisor: prof. RNDr. Miloš Janeček, CSc., Department of Physics of Materials Abstract: This thesis presents the crystal structure analysis of several transition metal silicides. The crystal structures were studied primarily by precession electron diffraction tomography (PEDT) employing the dynamical refinement, a method recently developed for accurate crystal structure refinement of electron diffraction data. The optimal values of the parameters of the method were proposed based on the comparison between the dynamical refinement of PEDT data and a high- quality reference structure. We present the results of the comparison using a Ni2Si nanowire with the diameter of 15 nm. The average atomic distance between the model obtained by the dynamical refinement on PEDT data and the one by single crystal X-ray diffraction was 0.006 ˚A. Knowing the accuracy and limitations of the method, the crystal structure of Ni3Si2 was redetermined on a nanowire with 35 nm of diameter. The model obtained had an average error in the atomic posi- tions of 0.006 ˚A. These results show that the accuracy achieved by the dynamical...
Phase transformations in modern titanium alloys
Šmilauerová, Jana ; Janeček, Miloš (advisor) ; Kalvoda, Ladislav (referee) ; Strunz, Pavel (referee)
This study deals with phase transformations in metastable β titanium alloys, focusing on the investigation of evolution of nanoparticles of thermodynamically metastable ω phase. For the purpose of this research, single crystals of two metastable β titanium alloys - LCB (Ti-6.8Mo-4.5Fe-1.5Al) and Ti-15Mo (in wt. %) - were grown in an optical floating zone furnace. It was established by differential scanning calorimetry that the phase transformations occurring in the material did not change significantly as a result of the single crystal growth process. Using single crystal X-ray diffraction, the shape and the size of ω particles were determined in a series of aged samples. The lattice parameters of ω particles and the β matrix, as well as the misfit between the two structures were calculated. The β phase was found to be locally deformed in compression around ω particles. Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) experiments revealed a spatial ordering of ω particles in the β matrix in a disordered cubic array with the basis vectors along 100 β directions. The SAXS data also allowed the evaluation of the mean ω particle sizes and distances and confirmed that the ω particle growth obeys the t1/3 law following from the Lifshitz-Slyozov-Wagner theory. In situ SAXS performed during isothermal ageing at selected...
Study of ultrafine-grained materials prepared with different methods of severe plastic deformation
Krajňák, Tomáš ; Mathis, Kristián (advisor) ; Hadzima, Branislav (referee) ; Kalvoda, Ladislav (referee)
Title: Study of ultrafine-grained materials prepared with different methods of severe plastic deformation Author: RNDr. Tomáš Krajňák Department: Department of Physics of Materials, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague Supervisor: Doc. RNDr. Kristián Máthis, PhD., Department of Physics of Materials, Faculty of Mathematics and Physics, Charles University in Prague Abstract: Interstitial free steel with ultrafine-grained (UFG) structure was prepared by high-pressure torsion (HPT). The development of the microstructure as a function of the number of HPT turns was studied at the centre, half-radius and periphery of the HPT-processed disks by X-ray line profile analysis (XLPA), positron annihilation spectroscopy (PAS) and electron microscopy. The dislocation densities and the dislocation cell sizes determined by XLPA were found to be in good agreement with those obtained by PAS. The evolution of the dislocation density, the dislocation cell and grain sizes, the vacancy cluster size, as well as the high-angle grain boundary (HAGB) fraction was determined as a function of the equivalent strain. It was found that first the dislocation density saturated, then the dislocation cell size reached its minimum value and finally the grain size got saturated. For very high strains after the...
Physical properties of ultrafine-grained magnesium based alloys prepared by various severe plastic deformation techniques
Stráská, Jitka ; Janeček, Miloš (advisor) ; Dlouhý, Antonín (referee) ; Kalvoda, Ladislav (referee)
Title: Physical properties of ultrafine-grained magnesium based alloys prepared by various severe plastic deformation techniques Author: Jitka Stráská Department / Institute: Department of Physics of Materials Supervisor of the doctoral thesis: Doc. RNDr. Miloš Janeček, CSc. Abstract: The objective of the doctoral thesis is the complex investigation of ultrafine-grained magnesium alloy AZ31 prepared by two different severe plastic deformation techniques, in particular the hot extrusion followed by equal-channel angular pressing (EX-ECAP) and high pressure torsion (HPT). These severe plastic deformation methods, and as well as many others, are described in detail in the introductory theoretical section. Experimental results are summarized in the following experimental part of the thesis. Mechanical properties, lattice defect structure and especially microstructure were investigated using various experimental techniques. Thermal stability of ultrafine-grained microstructure of AZ31 after EX-ECAP was investigated and the activation energies for grain growth in different temperature ranges were calculated using kinetic equation for grain growth and Arrhenius equation. Results from the dislocation density measurements proved temperature ranges of the recovery and the following grain growth. Results from the...

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1 Kalvoda, Lukáš
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