National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Socio-geographic determinants of risky substance use among Czech adolescents
Kážmér, Ladislav ; Dzúrová, Dagmar (advisor) ; Kulhánová, Ivana (referee) ; Králíková, Eva (referee)
The thesis aims at the specific issues of health-related behaviour among the contemporary Czech youth, with particular emphasis on a socio-geographical dimension of the phenomena. In particular, it aims at identification of selected demographic, social, and contextual factors underlying the inequalities in risky substance use among the Czech adolescent population in its complex multilevel perspective. By applying the advanced methodology of multilevel modelling, the author reveals an integral nature of these factors in space and time, and thus contributes to a deeper knowledge on the structures and processes determining the selected forms of risk behaviours. In addition to an integrative multilevel approach, the author derives recommendations for an effective planning and implementation of preventive measures in agenda of the Czech drug policy as well. Key words: adolescence; substance use; prevalence; socio-geographic inequalities; multilevel analysis; Czechia
Youth and healthy leisure activities: protective versus risk activities
Rožeková, Katarína ; Spilková, Jana (advisor) ; Kážmér, Ladislav (referee)
ROŽEKOVÁ, Katarína: Youth and healthy leisure activities: protective versus risk activities. [Diploma thesis]. Charles University. Faculty of Science; Department of Social Geography and Regional Development. Tutor: Doc. RNDr. Bc. Jana Spilková, Ph.D. Qualification degree: Master of Social Epidemiology. Prague: PřF UK, 2017. 76 p. Introduction: Leisure time is a framework for a wide range of activities. Preferred activities during leisure are activities that individuals can freely choose and perform. Providing opportunities for health-promoting activities leads to a healthy lifestyle that can prevent risk behaviors or health problems. Objectives: Identify the choice of respondents' leisure time activities based on their place of residence. Explain how teenagers perceive risks associated with risky behaviors. What are the demographic, geographic and social predictors of risk behaviors, and the selection and implementation of selected leisure activities. To analyze the relationship between the risk behaviors of youth and the risk activities involved, ie to determine which activities are conducive to risk behaviors and which are protective in nature. Methods: Our monitored set consists of 3. and 4. grade students at selected secondary schools. The main research tool we used was a questionnaire....
Issues and Questions of TBC in Subsaharian Africa
Vostrá, Jana ; Frajer, Václav (advisor) ; Kážmér, Ladislav (referee)
This thesis deals with a disease called tuberculosis. Issues of the disease and reasons for its continued spread, especially in sub-Saharan Africa, are emphasised. The aim is objective to capture the burden of tuberculosis which affects the majority of the African population, to analyze the number of infections and casualties in selected countries, track problematic, study the reasons why the disease still spreads and an attitude of the rest of the world. First of all, what World Health Organization does to improve the situation by its DOTS strategy. The work also includes a mention of an association of tuberculosis with HIV and AIDS.

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