National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Testing of anti-microbial and anti-adhesive properties of nanodiamond materials
Jurková, Blanka ; Beranová, Jana (advisor) ; Lišková, Jana (referee)
Nanocrystalline diamond (NCD) films possess great mechanical properties (low friction coefficient, high hardness etc.), chemical properties (e.g. low corrosivity or chemical inertness) and good biocompatibility. This makes them perspective materials for protective coatings of medical implants and devices. As bacteria biofilms are often very resistant to antibacterial treatment, materials with anti-bacterial or at least anti-adhesive properties are needed. The interaction of NCD films with bacteria has not been properly examined yet. The aim of this thesis was to introduce and optimize the methods for routine bacterial biofilm cultivation and analysis, use them to investigate the ability of NCD films to inhibit the attachment and biofilm formation of Escherichia coli and correlate it with the NCD surface hydrophobicity. The materials used for the study were hydrogenated NCD (hydrophobic), oxidized NCD (hydrophilic) and uncoated glass. For bacterial biofilm growth, cultivation in six-well plates and continuous cultivation in CDC Bioreactor was used. Several methods were tested for quantitative biofilm detachment and analysis. The putative anti-bacterial properties of NCD material were not confirmed in this work. Higher bacterial attachment to NCD films in comparison to the uncoated glass was...
Carbon nanomaterials and their interactions with bacteria
Jurková, Blanka ; Beranová, Jana (advisor) ; Kuthan, Martin (referee)
Recently, carbon nanomaterials gain attention especially for their interesting, often unique, properties. They can be used in wide range of applications, such as electronics, optics, cosmetics, solar cells, construction materials, air filters, polishing materials, protective coatings and dry lubricants. Whereas their physical and chemical attributes have already been intensively examined, the research on their effects on living organisms is still at the preliminary stage. This work is focused on the interactions of carbon nanomaterials, namely graphene, fullerene, carbon nanotubes and nanodiamonds, with bacterial cells and their antibacterial and antiadhesive properties. The mechanisms of the toxic action of carbon nanomaterials against bacteria include damage of outer cell structures as a consequence of the direct contact with a nanomaterial, impairment of bacterial metabolism or reactive oxygen species production. Exact understanding of the processes that take place between bacterial cell and carbon nanomaterials can contribute to the research on their medical applications and ecological recycling in the future.
Growth of Escherichia coli on nanocrystalline diamond
Jurková, Blanka ; Kozak, Halyna ; Artemenko, Anna ; Ukraintsev, Egor ; Beranová, J. ; Konopásek, I. ; Kromka, Alexander
In this contribution, we compared the attachment of gram-negative model bacterium Escherichia coli to\nuncoated glass and glass coated by hydrogenated and oxidized NCD films. For attachment experiments,\ncontinuous cultivation in commercially available CDC Bioreactor was used. Antibacterial tests indicated\nhigher attachment of gram-negative model bacterium Escherichia coli to NCD surface compared to uncoated\nglass. We assign this effect to higher roughness of NCD surface compared to glass. Bacterial cells preferred\nthe hydrophobic surface of hydrogenated NCD surface to hydrophilic oxidized NCD for their attachment.

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