National Repository of Grey Literature 45 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Construction and Application of Flow Amperometric Biosensor Based on Enzymatic Reactor for Determination of Choline
Tvorynska, Sofiia ; Barek, J. ; Josypčuk, Bohdan
In this contribution, a novel fast, simple and stable biosensor with the enzymatic reactor based on choline oxidase (ChOx) was developed and applied for the determination of choline using flow injection analysis with amperometric detection. The preparation of the reactor is based on the covalent immobilization of ChOx with glutaraldehyde to mesoporous silica powder (SBA-15) previously covered by NH2-groups. The experimental parameters affecting the sensitivity and stability of the biosensor were optimized. The proposed biosensor with the newly developed ChOx-based reactor possesses good repeatability, reproducibility, long-term stability, and reusability. It was successfully applied for the determination of choline in commercial pharmaceuticals.
Electrochemical Enzymatic Biosensors for Determination of Catecholamines in Flow Systems\n
Josypčuk, Bohdan ; Barek, J. ; Josypčuk, Oksana
Several biosensors (BS) based on flow enzymatic mini-reactors containing a mesoporous silica powder covered by enzyme laccase or tyrosinase were used for determination of L-DOPA, dopamine, noradrenaline, and adrenaline. The silica powder of MCM-41 with covalently bonded laccase was found to be the best reactor filling for the detection of catecholamines. Relative current response of such BS was 100 % for dopamine, 32.1 % for L-DOPA, 26.2 % for noradrenaline, and 0.71 % for adrenaline. The practical applicability of Lac-MCM41 biosensor was successfully verified by the determination of dopamine and noradrenaline in medical solutions for infusions.
Utilization of potential programs in flow electrochemical determination of biologically active organic compounds
Bavol, Dmytro ; Dejmková, Hana (advisor) ; Josypčuk, Bohdan (referee) ; Metelka, Radovan (referee)
9 Abstract In this Ph.D. thesis possibilities of using our proposed potential programs for a multiple-pulse amperometry and a fast scan differential pulse voltammetry in combination with flow systems are presented. The development of new sensitive amperometric and voltammetric methods for the determination of oxidisable biologically active organic compounds is another aim of this work. In the first part of the work, the flow injection system and multiple-pulse amperometric detection were employed to develop and optimize a simple, low-cost, and rapid method for the simultaneous determination of natural and synthetic antioxidants. This technique involves the application of an appropriate potential waveform consisting of a suitable sequence of pulses on a single working electrode, thus allowing distinguish the analytes in a mixture with no need of separation. Conditions for the determination of antioxidants and modelling of the potential program were tested and studied, respectively. Second part of the work describes and characterizes the application of the fast scan differential pulse voltammetry (FSDPV) in combination with the flow systems. FSDPV is the electroanalytical technique that use high scan rate to record voltammograms within several milliseconds and ensures high temporal resolution. This technique...
Silver Solid Amalgam Electrodes as Perspective Tools for Sensitive Voltammetric Determinations of Food Azo Dyes Amaranth and Allura Red AC
Tvorynska, S. ; Barek, J. ; Josypčuk, Bohdan
In this paper, for the first time, the electrochemical behaviours of the food azo dyes Amaranth (E 123) and Allura Red AC (E 129) were investigated on two modifications of silver solid amalgam electrode, namely mercury meniscus modified, polished and compared with hanging mercury drop electrode using differential pulse voltammetry and direct current voltammetry. The effect of adsorption and the reduction mechanism on tested electrodes were described in detail. Measurements with amalgam electrodes showed good reproducibility, stability and high sensitivity. As a result, they were successfully applied for the determination of investigated azo dyes in different commercial drink samples.
Behavior of Metallothioneins and Phytochelatins at Mercury and Amalgam Electrodes
Šestáková, Ivana ; Navrátil, Tomáš ; Josypčuk, Bohdan
The presence of cysteine residues in molecules of metallothioneins or phytochelatins is crucial for their electrochemical behavior. At mercury electrodes, the reduction of\ntetracoordinated Cd and Zn in molecule of mamamalian MT is observed in solution of pH 8- 8.5, whereas with lowering pH or at presence of excessive ions, signals of differently coordinated or free metal ions appear. Such changes were confirmed on model complexes with phytochelatin PC2 .Using amalgam electrodes CuSAE or AgSAE for voltammetry of metallothioneins or phytochelatins, their Cu or Ag complexes are formed on the electrode surface, which could be with limitations - employed for the analytical purposes.
Supported Liquid Membranes for Hollow-Fibre Based Microextraction and Voltammetric Determination of Neuroblastoma Biomarkers
Josypčuk, Bohdan ; Barek, J. ; Josypčuk, Oksana
A new type of tubular detector (TD+AuxE) was proposed, fabricated, tested and compared\nwith a typical silver amalgam tubular detector developed earlier. Non-stop-flow differential\npulse voltammetric anodic stripping method (AS-DPV) and amperometric method in a\nglucose oxidase biosensor arrangement were tested. Both detectors were applied for AS-DPV\nmeasurements in flow systems for the first time. The proposed combination of tubular\ndetector with auxiliary electrode provides a much greater current response than the classic\narrangement with three individual electrodes. All relevant parameters (potentials of\naccumulation or detection, flow rate, analyte concentrations, shielding sleeve length, etc.)\nwere optimized for the developed TD+AuxE.
Electrochemical biosensors with flow-through enzymatic reactors
Josypčuk, Oksana ; Josypčuk, Bohdan
Twelve enzymatic biosensors with various silica powder reactors were fabricated and tested.\nExperiments with six silica materials showed that mesoporous silica SBA-15 was the best one\nin terms of covering by enzymes, sensitivity and lifetime of biosensors. The current response\nof the SBA15-glucose oxidase (GOx) sensor started to decrease only after 200-day testing.\nThe used amalgam tubular detector in a flow system allowed working at highly negative\npotentials. Statistical results of parallel measurements of model solutions with the fabricated\nbiosensors show their high accuracy and sensitivity. The proposed SBA15-GOx biosensor\nwas used for determination of glucose in commercial honey.
Voltammetry of Metallothioneins on Mercury Meniscus Modified Silver Solid Amalgam Electrode
Šestáková, Ivana ; Křivská, D. ; Josypčuk, Bohdan ; Nováková, Kateřina ; Navrátil, Tomáš
Peak of AgMT is formed on m-AgSAE from MT in alkaline media. The height of this peak is proportional to the MT concentration in range 37- to 301 ng /ml and can be increased with accumulation. In ammonia solution with Co(III) salt, apart from usual Brdička response at -1400 mV another, more positive catalytic system is observed, when formation of AgMT is allowed. This phenomenon has been confirmed by elimination voltammetry.
Electrochemical Biosensors Based on Silver Solid Amalgam for Analysis in Flow Systems
Josypčuk, Oksana ; Barek, J. ; Josypčuk, Bohdan
In this contribution, the construction and preparation of 3 types of flow amperometric enzymatic biosensors based on silver solid amalgam (AgSA) were presented. Two of them consist of the tubular detector and enzymatic reactor of porous or powdered AgSA. The third biosensor was constructed using polished AgSA electrode. Reactors and polished AgSA electrodes were modified with thiols or chitosan and different enzymes were covalently immobilized by suitable techniques. Prepared biosensors were used for determination of ascorbic acid, glucose, hydrogen peroxide, catechol, pyrogallol, dopamine and sarcosine in model samples and in same cases in the real samples.
Unique Properties of Amalgam Electrodes
Josypčuk, Bohdan ; Josypčuk, Oksana
Depending on metal-mercury ratio and on the method of preparation amalgam can be: 1) solid compact; 2) paste; 3) liquid; 4) monocrystalline; 5) porous; 6) powdered. High potential of hydrogen overvoltage is observed on amalgam electrodes and it is comparable with one on Hg-electrodes. Another important benefit is the possibility to prepare amalgam electrode, detector or reactor of required size and shape. From amalgams have been prepared and tested many types of electrodes for batch and flow-through systems. The diversity of amalgam materials provides some unique electrochemical properties of electrodes, the most important of which are described in this paper.

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