National Repository of Grey Literature 119 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Political Party Funding: an International Comparison
Bejdák, Matěj ; Antoš, Marek (advisor) ; Jirásková, Věra (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to identify significant weaknesses of political party funding system in the Czech Republic, and to suggest possible improvements of the system. Knowledge acquired in the first part of the thesis, which deals with the theoretical basis of political party funding, is used to analyse the applicable legislation. This part of the thesis first of all describes the legal framework of political parties, the principles and goals of political party funding, and possible approaches to the funding; the most space is devoted to one of the possible approaches, regulatory measures, which is divided on the basis of supply side (state a private funding) and demand side (mainly campaign spending regulation). The Czech legislation is not only analysed in general and using the theoretical basis, but is also compared with the system adopted by the Federal Republic of Germany. The hypothesis is that the German law is a good example for the Czech Republic in the field of party financing, for the Federal Republic of Germany has been a developed democratic state of law for a longer uninterrupted period of time, and was one of the first countries in the world to introduce state funding of political parties. The second part of the thesis describes, analyses and compares the applicable legislation of the...
Communications in the period of totality and democracy. (Specification in comparison of new year speeches of presidents G.Husak and V. Havel)
Petrovická, Barbora ; Stracený, Josef (advisor) ; Jirásková, Věra (referee)
This thesis deals with the influence of totalitarian and democratic regime at the communication abilities and possibilities of then presidents in our country. The theoretical part distinguishes between political and apolitical communication. Besides other things, it focuses on the characteristics of totalitarianism and democracy and describes the dispositions of language system at both regimes. It also includes a brief history of New Year's speeches and their language particularities because the theoretical part is focused exactly on those communication opportunities. The practical part focuses on the analysis of New Year's speeches of the last totalitarian and the first democratic presidents, with only that exact speech being analysed in detail in both cases. The life stories of both personages are also taken into consideration. Speeches are analysed from the content, linguistic and psychological viewpoint, emphasis being on the meaning of the entire communication. In the conclusion it is attempted to introduce the comparison of both speakers and their communication abilities. KEYWORDS communication, totality, democracy, New Year's speeches, Gustav Husak, Vaclav Havel
Life of Josef Urválek
Vašáková, Alžběta ; Županič, Jan (advisor) ; Jirásková, Věra (referee)
TITLE: Life of Josef Urválek AUTHOR: Bc. Alžběta Vašáková DEPARTMENT: Social Sciences and Philosophy Department SUPERVISOR: Prof. PhDr. Jan Županič, Ph.D. ABSTRACT: The thesis chronologically describes the life and career of the communist prosecutor Josef Urválek from his birth in České Budějovice, through the university studies at the Faculty of Law of the Charles University in Prague, the work in the First Republic, post-war and communist judiciary to the politically motivated end of his career in the Czechoslovak judicature. The thesis focuses on his activities at the Exeptional people's court in České Budějovice and at the same time at the State court in Prague during the most well-known but also less-known political lawsuits in the fifties. The last chapter is about the reflection of this unlawfulness during the political releasing in the sixties and about his understanding of the personal and legal accountability in the position of the state attorney of the communist judicature. The bibliography consists of juridical and historical literature, archive materials and newspaper articles. KEYWORDS: Josef Urválek, prosecutor, political trials, communist regime
Immunities in the Constitutional System of Czech Republic
Malcová, Barbora ; Kudrna, Jan (advisor) ; Jirásková, Věra (referee)
Immunities in the Constitutional System of Czech Republic The thesis Immunities in the Constitutional System of Czech Republic examines the enshrinement of the immunity of selected public officials in domestic legal system. The essay describes the objective state of legislation as well as the development of academic view of the system of exceptions and the attitude of the persons, in whose favor the element works. After a short introduction, whose purpose is to outline some possible opinions and generally believed myths about parliamentary immunity; the thesis explains some terms related to the institute - material immunity, procedural immunity, and procedural exemption. The main body of the paper reviews the individual types of immunities in detail. The first chapter discusses the Members of Parliament - the immunity of the Deputies and the Senators. It shows the evolution of the constitutional basis to the institute, presents the current form of Article in the Constitution with a numerous cases when the immunity of an MP was removed by the Parliament. It also deals with the connection of the constitutional articles to the rules of procedure of the Chambers. The thesis describes selected problematic aspects of the institute, and demonstrates a number of those with historical and present court...
The institute of the citizenship of the Republic of Austria
Nováková, Lucie ; Jirásková, Věra (advisor) ; Mlsna, Petr (referee)
Thesis title: The institute of the citizenship of the Republic of Austria Citizenship is often defined as a status of a person, who is recognised under the law as being a legal member of a sovereign state. This status is usually connected with certain rights and privileges, along with corresponding duties, which belong to the citizens only. This master thesis aims to give a detailed analyse of the valid legislation of Austrian citizenship and to evaluate it critically. The main goal of the thesis is to answer the questions, whether the nowadays valid regulation is still actual and whether it would not be better to regulate certain issues in a different or more suitable way. In the introduction of this thesis the term citizenship and the related key concepts are explained. Mentioned are also the leading principles of the regulation of the Austrian citizenship, structured by their importance according to the Austrian legal literature. Introduced are also the sources of Austrian law - the significant international treaties and the regulation in the European Union and in the Austrian constitution. However, the main emphasis is put on the valid Austrian Citizenship Act, which contains large number of information related to this thesis. Described are also the ways of obtaining and losing the Austrian...

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