National Repository of Grey Literature 449 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Insolvency crimes
Suchomelová, Veronika ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Vokoun, Rudolf (referee)
Title: Insolvency crimes Abstract The aim of the submitted rigorous thesis to give a comprehensive overview about specific category of crimes related to contractual obligations between creditors and debtors, bankruptcy and its solution in insolvency proceeding. At first, the thesis analyzes the main concepts, "crime" and "bankruptcy". The thesis also includes historical excursion to former legislations of insolvency crimes in the penal law in the territory od today's Czech Republic, as well as off criminal legislation directly related to bankruptcy offences. This historical outline should clarify whether the current legislation on insolvency crimes has inspired a past adjustment or whether it has come up with a new concept of punishing this group of crimes. One of the primary aims of this thesis is to assess whether, in the case of criminal liability for crimes classified as "insolvent", one of the fundamental principals of criminal law, namely the principal of subsidiarity of criminal repression, is applied consistently. A picture of this isme can be made both from the actual text of the thesis and from the annex part, which shows the number of prosecuted and convicted persons for committing individual insolvent crimes in period 2009 - 2016. The core of the thesis is an analysis of individual crimes that...
Domestic violence and its prevention
Votavová, Viktorie ; Vanduchová, Marie (advisor) ; Jelínek, Jiří (referee)
Předložená diplomová práce řeší problematiku domácího násilí jako společenského feno- ménu soudobým pohledem psychologie, kriminologie, práva a prevence. Cílem této práce je rozbor fenoménu domácího násilí po psychologické, kriminologické a právní stránce. Tato práce rozebírá jednotlivé právní nástroje, konkrétní trestné činy v kontextu domácího ná- silí, ale také prevenci a osvětu. Práce je zaměřena na dopad domácího násilí na děti, dále na jednotlivé trestné činy související s domácím násilím a také na prevenci domácího násilí, poradenství a kontext s Istanbulskou úmluvou. 1
Significance of Victimology for the Crime Prevention
Stránská, Eva ; Vanduchová, Marie (advisor) ; Jelínek, Jiří (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to provide an information about victimology, its history, on what issues this field of study focuses and what knowledge it provides. Then it is about analysis of whether and how it is possible to use this knowledge for the field of crime prevention and whether it is possible to take more effective preventive measures oriented at the crime victims and what they are. This thesis is divided to introduction, conclusion and six chapters. For introducing the topic into a wider context, the first chapter deals with criminology as the overarching theme of victimology and crime prevention. The second chapter focuses on the criminality, what role victims have in it and what are the possibilities of its control. It defines a concept of crime and its basic characteristics. There is a description of the deference between actual, registered and latent criminality, and what mostly causes its latency. The third chapter provides detailed interpretation of the victimology. The history of this field is briefly described. The principal victimological concepts are defined here, such as victimity, victimization and also crime victims, their typology and differences from the injured party. There are also mentioned the victimology studies and their significance. In conclusion of this chapter...
The concept of a criminal offence in the Czech criminal Code
Pačesová, Anna ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Vanduchová, Marie (referee)
I Abstract This diploma thesis focuses on the matter of the concept of a criminal offence in the Czech Criminal Code, as one of the major issues within criminal liability. The year 2009 brought the new Czech Criminal Code and with it also a few changes. One of the most discussed ones was the transition from material or material- formal concept of a criminal offence to a formal concept of a criminal offence. Thanks to the simultaneous introduction of the principle of subsidiarity of criminal repression, as a substantive correction of criminal lawlessness, this formalized concept has become a more of a materialized formal concept. So suddenly, there are two corrections of criminal lawlessness, the substantive one, as mentioned, and also a procedural correction based on the facultative option of the prosecutor to terminate the prosecution for reasons of ineffectiveness. The opinions on the matter of the necessity of both of the corrections in Czech criminal law differs among criminal law experts. That is also why I presented them in contrast and evaluate them at the end of the thesis. This thesis strives to describe and summarize the problem of the concept of crime to be as comprehensive as possible, so it is divided into four main parts, which are logically connected to each other and each of them is divided...
Domestic violence and its prevention
Veselková, Gabriela ; Vanduchová, Marie (advisor) ; Jelínek, Jiří (referee)
Presented thesis is focused on a comprehensive analysis of domestic violence and its prevention. Domestic violence can be described as a deeply rooted socially pathological phenomenon about which the society dares to talk more and more openly over the last few decades. Its unique characteristic does not lay in the form of violence the victim has to endure but in the place in which the violence occurs. It is a private family environment which is hidden from the sight of the public. Due to this aspect domestic violence is not only a serious problem but also a problem that is very difficult to detect and repress. Because of this it is vital to access domestic violence with great care, consistency and expertise. In the first part the thesis focuses on theoretical description of domestic violence, presents possible definitions of the concept, states the characteristics of domestic violence and refutes certain myths which trivialise this social problem. Further in this part an overview of typology of domestic violence and forms of violent conduct is included. The last chapter of the first part is dedicated to analysing the causes of domestic violence and its perpetrators including their classification and possible effects of therapeutic programs for violent persons. This chapter also addresses the...
Selected issues of proving in criminal proceedings
Polanský, Ivo ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
1 Abstract This thesis deals in particular with the analysis of the process of presentation of evidence in penal proceedings, its basic principles, as well as the constitutional limitations within which the evidence-making process should be carried out. However, some other questions, especially legal and philosophical ones that are directly related to the presentation of evidence in the penal or legal proceedings cannot be ignored. The chosen topic can undoubtedly be considered to be very topical. This is because the presentation of evidence in penal proceedings is, besides the decision-making process itself, the most important procedural activity carried out by the bodies responsible for penal proceedings and participated by other entities involved in the penal proceedings. The aim of this thesis is to give a brief and comprehensive overview of some specifically selected problems of presentation of evidence in penal proceedings. Naturally, with regard to the chosen topic and its scope, it is not possible to comprehensively process all the areas that are related to the issue of presentation of evidence. Chapter 5, 6 and 7 can be considered crucial to the thesis in question, as they provide, in particular, the analysis of existing evidence-making legislation in penal proceedings. The basic principles of...
The status of the state prosecutor in preparatory criminal proceedings
Králová, Nicola ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Vokoun, Rudolf (referee)
The status of the state prosecutor in preparatory criminal proceedings Abstract The topic of the thesis is "The status of the state prosecutor in preparatory criminal proceedings". This issue is still relevant not only in the area of the criminal law, but also from the point of view of the public. Given the importance of the role of the Public Prosecutor's Office in a democratic state governed by the rule of law, it is necessary for the legislation, which governs the competences of the Public Prosecutor's Office, to respect the present needs of the public. The above mentioned issues resulted in discussion regarding recodification of the criminal proceedings and the Act on the Public Prosecutor's Office. However, the preparation of the new legislation must not overlook possible negatives of an innovative approach. It cannot be assumed that there would be full consensus on all aspects of the legal status of the state prosecutor, but the recodification must not cause systemic failure and paralysis of the state prosecutor's competences. The first chapter deals with the historical development of the Public Prosecutor's Office in the Europe with a focus on Czech territory. The following chapter focuses on the current regulation of the Public Prosecutor's Office in the Czech Republic. It also deals with the power...
Special methods of evidence in criminal proceedings - confrontation, recognition, investigative experiment
Hanák, Milan ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Pelc, Vladimír (referee)
Special Methods of Evidence in Criminal Proceedings - Confrontation, Recognition, Investigative Experiment Abstract The thesis deals with special methods of evidence in criminal proceedings, which are confrontation, line-up, investigative experiment, investigative reconstruction and on-site clearance. These all methods are anchored in Czech Criminal Procedure Code. Introductory part of the thesis describes evolution of special methods of evidence in criminal proceedings and in criminology too. The author discusses differences between procedural action and forensic practice. The thesis also describes legal regulation of the issue in historical context. It focus on face to face confrontation, line-up and investigative experiment. Each part of the thesis contains introduction with definition, then particularities of subject matter, practical use and the most frequent problems in investigation. The parts named line-up and investigative experiment also include a selected case report of these methods of evidence in criminal proceedings. Part called Confrontation among the other things deals with principles of confrontation and participants of confrontation. This part also describes previous interrogation of confronted persons, documentation of confrontation, application of some provisions of the Criminal...
Violation of law on taking of evidence in criminal procedure and its consequences
Hula, Ondřej ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Pelc, Vladimír (referee)
Violation of Regulations on Burden of Proof in Criminal Procedures and its Consequences This dissertation deals with the issues associated with violation of regulations on burden of proof in criminal procedures and its consequences. A great number of regulations stipulate burden of proof. The core of the regulation lies in the Criminal Code. However, another range of regulations can also be found in international contracts regarding human rights and the constitutional system of the Czech Republic since burden of proof concerns basic human and fundamental rights. In the present, the issue of burden of proof gains more attention due to the endeavour of legistators to adopt a new Criminal Code and due to some criminal procedures which appeared in the media and in which improper use of burden of proof caused illegality of the criminal procedure as a whole. Another fact that contributes to the topicality of this issue is that currently, defence in criminal procedures focuses especially on the utility of evidence collected during the preliminary procedure, where fomalistically applied regulations might lead to no punishment of the perpetrator. The main objective of this dissertation is to describe efficacious regulations and regulations on burden of proof in force as well as the consequences of violation...
Constructed languages in literature
Jelínek, Jiří ; Hrdlička, Josef (advisor) ; Tereza Dědinová, Tereza (referee) ; Šidák, Pavel (referee)
The PhD thesis "Constructed Languages in Literature" focuses on the phenomenon of consciously designed or drafted languages and their usage in literary texts. The first chapter of the thesis offers reflections on the delimitation of constructed languages, especially from the perspective of the mostly illusory opposition of natural and constructed. It also puts forth the problems of glossolalia and encryption or encoding of a text in a natural language, while suggesting these two ways to create a new utterance should be perceived as possible starting points for language creativity, rather than a completely different phenomenon. The subsequent chapters then turn to individual cases and introduce extensive groups of constructed and virtual languages - animal languages, utopian and dystopian languages, sacred and divine languages and constructed and virtual languages in poetry. In those chapters examples of both elaborated and drafted languages appear, so that the imagination characteristic of each group comes out.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 449 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
11 JELÍNEK, Jakub
10 JELÍNEK, Jaroslav
14 JELÍNEK, Jiří
13 JELÍNEK, Josef
11 Jelínek, Jakub
31 Jelínek, Jan
10 Jelínek, Jaroslav
13 Jelínek, Josef
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