National Repository of Grey Literature 24 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Effect of substantial grain refinement on microstructure and mechanical properties of precipitation hardenable magnesium alloys.
Hofman, Daniel ; Minárik, Peter (advisor) ; Janeček, Miloš (referee)
Properties of magnesium alloy WE43 and the effect of substantial grain refinement by ECAP were studied. The compressive strength test revealed a significant increase of yield strength after ECAP, resulting in yield strength of over 400 MPa after 8 ECAP passes. The material remained surprisingly ductile in both compression and tension. Thermal stability of the material was investigated via Vickers hardness test. The ultrafine-grained structure shows good thermal stability up to 300 řC, where the precipitates start to dissolve and grain size starts to increase, resulting in sharp fall of hardness. Annealing of the initial state showed best results for 210 řC where the precipitation hardening led to an increase in hardness up to ∼101 HV.
Morphology and hardness of particles of titanium powder prepared by cryogenic milling
Ibragimov, Ilya ; Stráský, Josef (advisor) ; Janeček, Miloš (referee)
The effect of cryogenic milling on morphology and microhardness of titanium powder was investigated. Initial powder of commercially pure titanium was subjected to cryogenic milling in liquid argon (LAr) using two different milling speeds. Prepared powders were subsequently cleaned by ethanol. The cleaning procedure was done in two ways: in the air and in the inert atmosphere in the glovebox. Particle size and morphology were investigated my scanning electron microscopy and subsequent automated image analysis. Microhardness of powder particles was determined by Vickers hardness measurement using small loads. The milling did not cause significant powder refiniment, while the shape of powder particles changes substantially. Milling speed affected particle shape and powder contamination. Application of stearic acid as the processing control agent prevented cold-welding of powder particles, but contaminated the powder by oxygen and hydrogen. Stearic acid could be successfully removed by cleaning in ethanol. The using of glovebox for cleaning did not have significant effect on the resultiing contamination.
Structure analysis of some transition metal silicides using X-ray diffraction and dynamical refinement against electron diffraction data
Antunes Corrêa, Cinthia ; Janeček, Miloš (advisor) ; Kalvoda, Ladislav (referee) ; Kužel, Radomír (referee)
Title: Structure analysis of some transition metal silicides using X-ray diffraction and dynamical refinement against electron diffraction data Author: Cinthia Antunes Corrˆea Department: Physics of Materials Supervisor: prof. RNDr. Miloš Janeček, CSc., Department of Physics of Materials Abstract: This thesis presents the crystal structure analysis of several transition metal silicides. The crystal structures were studied primarily by precession electron diffraction tomography (PEDT) employing the dynamical refinement, a method recently developed for accurate crystal structure refinement of electron diffraction data. The optimal values of the parameters of the method were proposed based on the comparison between the dynamical refinement of PEDT data and a high- quality reference structure. We present the results of the comparison using a Ni2Si nanowire with the diameter of 15 nm. The average atomic distance between the model obtained by the dynamical refinement on PEDT data and the one by single crystal X-ray diffraction was 0.006 ˚A. Knowing the accuracy and limitations of the method, the crystal structure of Ni3Si2 was redetermined on a nanowire with 35 nm of diameter. The model obtained had an average error in the atomic posi- tions of 0.006 ˚A. These results show that the accuracy achieved by the dynamical...
Metastable beta titanium alloys for biomedical use
Preisler, Dalibor ; Stráský, Josef (advisor) ; Janeček, Miloš (referee)
In this work the effect of die-forging and annealing on the mechanical properties and microstructure of biocompatible metastable alloy Ti-35.3Nb-7.3Zr -5.7Ta-0.7O (wt. %) was studied. Light and scanning electron microscopy, microhardness tests and tensile tests were used to study all prepared conditions. As-cast and as-annealed conditions showed chemical inhomogeneities exhibited as dendritic structure, grains with size of hundreds of micrometers and numerous pores having size of units of micrometers. Precipitation of alpha phase particles was negligible in as-annelaed conditions and only grain boundary alpha paticles formed. Die-forged condition showed grain sizes in the wide range of hundreds of micrometers down to micrometers. Both as-annealed and die-forged conditions showed increased microhardness compared to as-cast condition, but there were no significant differences between different annealing conditions. Yield stress of 870 MPa was found for as-cast condition while as-forged condition exhibited even higher yield stress of 1120 MPa. In both conditions, good room-temperature ductility was demonstrated. Due to its high strength, this alloy is perspective for manufacturing of joint implants.
Physical and mechanical properties of lead-free solder joints
Harcuba, Petr ; Janeček, Miloš (advisor) ; Drozd, Zdeněk (referee) ; Očenášek, Vladivoj (referee)
Title: Physical and mechanical properties of lead-free solder joints Author: Petr Harcuba Department: Department of Physics of Materials Supervisor: prof. RNDr. Miloš Janeček, CSc., Department of Physics of Materials Abstract: Due to recent restriction of the classical Sn-Pb solder alloy, lead-free solders became an extensively investigated class of materials. This thesis focused on selected Sn-Cu based alloys. The influence of Cu content and minor additions of Ni and P on IMC layers morphology and reliability of simulated solder joints were investigated. The growth kinetics of IMC layers and mechanical properties of solder joints were studied after reaction of molten solders with Cu substrate at various times and temperatures, and after subsequent ageing at elevated temperatures. Detailed analysis of the evolution of IMC layers morphology was performed using EBSD. Higher Cu concentration in solders decreased the dissolution rate of Cu substrate. It was shown that the addition of 0.1 at.% of Ni significantly changed the morphology of IMC layers and improved mechanical properties of solder joints. Addition of P had only a minor effect on the IMC growth and the solder joint reliability. Keywords: Lead-free solders, intermetallic compound layers, growth kinetics, reliability of solder joints
Phase transformations in modern titanium alloys
Šmilauerová, Jana ; Janeček, Miloš (advisor) ; Kalvoda, Ladislav (referee) ; Strunz, Pavel (referee)
This study deals with phase transformations in metastable β titanium alloys, focusing on the investigation of evolution of nanoparticles of thermodynamically metastable ω phase. For the purpose of this research, single crystals of two metastable β titanium alloys - LCB (Ti-6.8Mo-4.5Fe-1.5Al) and Ti-15Mo (in wt. %) - were grown in an optical floating zone furnace. It was established by differential scanning calorimetry that the phase transformations occurring in the material did not change significantly as a result of the single crystal growth process. Using single crystal X-ray diffraction, the shape and the size of ω particles were determined in a series of aged samples. The lattice parameters of ω particles and the β matrix, as well as the misfit between the two structures were calculated. The β phase was found to be locally deformed in compression around ω particles. Small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) experiments revealed a spatial ordering of ω particles in the β matrix in a disordered cubic array with the basis vectors along 100 β directions. The SAXS data also allowed the evaluation of the mean ω particle sizes and distances and confirmed that the ω particle growth obeys the t1/3 law following from the Lifshitz-Slyozov-Wagner theory. In situ SAXS performed during isothermal ageing at selected...
Titanium and titanium alloys prepared by cryogenic milling
Kozlík, Jiří ; Stráský, Josef (advisor) ; Janeček, Miloš (referee)
Ultra-fine grained materials are presently thoroughly investigated due to their enhanced mechanical properties. Cryogenic milling is one of the severe plastic deformation methods, which allow production of these materials. Titanium powder was processed by cryogenic milling in liquid nitrogen and argon and consequently consolidated via spark plasma sintering method. In this work, the influence of milling conditions (liquid nitrogen vs. liquid argon, material of balls, duration and speed of milling, usage of stearic acid) on size and shape of powder particles, contamination and mechanical properties was investigated. Particle size reduction was generally not observed, while their morphology changed significantly. Using liquid nitrogen as a cooling medium leads to strong contamination of prepared material and consequently to its hardening and embrittlement. Stearic acid supresses cold welding of particles during milling and enhances its efficiency. It is possible to eliminate stearic acid from powder by cleaning in acetone before sintering, to prevent contamination of processed material. Microhardness increased, depending on milling efficiency (in liquid argon), from original 178 HV to 200-300 HV range. Increase of yield and ultimate stength was observed in compression tests while maintaining ductility....
Materiály pro fúzní aplikace a jejich interakce s tokamakovým plazmatem
Klevarová, Veronika ; Janeček, Miloš (advisor) ; Šíma, Vladimír (referee)
Title: Materials for fusion applications and their interaction with tokamak plasma Author: Veronika Klevarová Department: Department of Physics of Materials Supervisor: doc. RNDr. Miloš Janeček, CSc., Department of Physics of Materials Abstract: Tungsten represents a perspective option in the context of fusion devices first-wall materials. In the first part of this work, set of tungsten samples with variable grain size was prepared by spark plasma sintering. Specimens were exposed to steady state deuterium plasma beam and high energy heat pulses, simulating thus the normal operation in the tokamak. As a consequence of the exposure, samples surfaces were roughened, as-prepared grains were recovered and in some cases cracks were formed. Moreover, post-irradiation analysis of the damaged samples revealed activation of in-grain slip systems within the loaded surfaces. Threshold grain diameter for this mechanism was determined to be between 5.5 - 6.6 μm at the particular loading conditions. However, damaged features showed to depend more on the fabrication parameters than on the grain diameter. Synergistic effects of simultaneous loading were proven to be important since those reduced the heat propagation within the volume of the tested samples. In the second part of this thesis, introduction to plasma-surface...
Optimization of properties of Ti based alloys for biomedical and structural applications
Stráský, Josef ; Janeček, Miloš (advisor) ; Hadzima, Branislav (referee) ; Karlík, Miroslav (referee)
Title: Optimization of properties of Ti based alloys for biomedical and structural applications Author: Josef Stráský Department / Institute: Department of Physics of Materials Supervisor of the doctoral thesis: Assoc. Prof. Miloš Janeček, Ph.D. Abstract: Titanium alloys belong to the mostly used biomaterials for orthopaedic implants. Advanced surface treatments of Ti alloys for orthopaedic use and newly developed biomedical beta-Ti alloys are investigated in this thesis. Wide spectrum of experimental techniques was employed in order to correlate material processing, microstructure and mechanical properties. Electric discharge machining was used as a biocompatibility enhancing surface treatment of Ti-6Al-4V alloy, but the treated material suffered from the poor fatigue performance. Two subsequent surface treatments - chemical etching and shot- peening - were proposed and it was shown that their combination significantly improves the fatigue performance of the material making it applicable in orthopaedics. This process was patented in the Czech Republic. The thesis further reviews complex problematic of biocompatible beta-Ti alloys. Several new biocompatible beta-Ti alloys were designed on the basis of Ti-Nb-Zr-Ta quaternary alloy. The effect of Fe, Si and O additions on microstructure, elastic modulus and...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 24 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
1 JANEČEK, Marek
3 JANEČEK, Michal
6 JANEČEK, Miroslav
7 Janeček, Martin
1 Janeček, Michael
3 Janeček, Michal
1 Janeček, Milan
6 Janeček, Miroslav
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