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Erosion of agricultural land and its importance for siltation and eutrophication of reservoirs in the Czech Republic
Krása, J. ; Jáchymová, B. ; Bauer, M. ; Dostál, T. ; Rosendorf, P. ; Hejzlar, Josef ; Borovec, Jakub ; Bečička, M.
In 58 large catchments of the Czech Republic (covering ca 35000 km2) the sediment transport processes were assessed. Amount of sediment flux into the streams and reservoirs from agricultural land was estimated. Sediment retention in all reservoirs was considered based on reservoirs‘ outflow. For thousands of small ponds the volumes and outflow had to be estimated based on reservoir areas and specific flow rates in catchments. The distributed approach allowed considering importance of particular agricultural fields for stream silting. The maps of annual sediment flow in all streams were derived. The sediment fluxes cause serious problems not only concerning eutrophication. For example Vltava river watershed up to Slapy dam (12 965 km2) exports 2.34 million tons of sediment by water erosion annually. 626 thousand ton is exported into the streams, and 615 500 t is then deposited in the reservoirs.