National Repository of Grey Literature 6 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Interaction of Borrelia sp. with HL-60 cells and monocytes and cultivation of Anaplasma phagocytophilum in HL-60 cell culture
Marková, Lucie ; Hulínská, Dagmar (advisor) ; Beranová, Jana (referee)
Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and Anaplasma phagocytophilum are causative agents of Lyme disease and human granulocytic anaplasmosis. Their common vector in Europe are the ticks from the genus Ixodes. In our work, we focused on interaction of innate immune cells with the causative agent of Lyme diseases, that are insubstitutable in their function in the early phase of the disease. Anaplasma phagocytophilum is hard to cultivate, the only possibility is to cultivate it in cell cultures. Successful cultivation of Anaplasma phagocytophilum acquired from patients in our geographic area is crucial for following experiments and for diagnostics too. In our experiments, we used validated cell cultures of HL-60 cells, canine monocytes DH82 and murine monocytes P388D1. During our studies of interaction of the causative agent of Lyme diseases with cells, we used two strains of different species Borrelia. Borrelia garinii M192 and Borrelia burgdorferi sensu stricto B31. These strains vary in virulence. The strain M192 is virulent, but the strain B31 lost its virulence by passages. We specialised in study of morphological changes using light microscopy (observation of dyed and fixed preparates and observation in dark field), eventually by transmision electron microscopy. During our experiments, we concluded that HL-60...
Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and Anaplasma phagocytophilum in the Czech Republic
Kybicová, Kateřina ; Hulínská, Dagmar (advisor) ; Žákovská, Alena (referee) ; Grubhoffer, Libor (referee)
The aim of this thesis was to assess the occurrence of two tick- borne bacteria, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato and Anaplasma pha- gocytophilum, in ticks, wild and domestic animals in the Czech Republic. In ticks, similar prevalence of both bacteria was ob- served. In rodents, the majority of infections were caused by B. afzelii while the infection with B. burgdorferi s. s. was also quite frequent. Infection with B. burgdorferi s. l. was more common in bank voles than in wood or yellow-necked mice. The prevalence of anti-Borrelia antibodies was higher in wood or yellow-necked mice than in bank voles. A. phagocytophilum was in a higher percentage of cases in the deer family and hares as compared to foxes and boars. We observed a similar prevalence of anaplasmosis in all domestic animals tested. We demonstrated that symptomatic dogs had a higher chance to be infected with A. phagocytophilum than asymptomatic dogs. Our findings suggest that the exposure to B. burgdorferi s. l. and A. phagocytophilum is common in vectors, reservoirs and hosts in the Czech Republic. Molecular and serological techniques for detection of these pathogens are also described in this thesis, including conven- tional PCR, nested PCR, real-time PCR with DNA quantification and melting curve analysis, RFLP analysis of the 5S-23S...

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