National Repository of Grey Literature 94 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Development of population age structure in Litoměřice in postsocialist period
Jančura, Václav ; Pospíšilová, Lucie (advisor) ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (referee)
In the socialist era, the historical centre and the inner city of Litoměřice were neglected. The development of the town was focused on the development of blocks of flats, which provided facilities especially for young families with small children. In 1989, the socialist regime collapsed in Czechoslovakia, which led to the democratization of the Litoměřice society. Socialist blocks of flats lost their attractiveness of housing. The youngest parts of the city became rapidly ageing. On the other hand, the neglected historical centre and also the inner city of Litoměřice underwent the process of revitalization after 1989. Newly reconstructed apartments became places for life of many young people, thus the process of demographic ageing of these parts of the city has been slowed down. The spatially differentiated age structure of the Litoměřice population has changed since 1989 due to the process of the second demographic transition, demographic ageing and new urban processes. The aim of the thesis is therefore to describe and explain the evolution of the age structure of Litoměřice and its spatial differentiation in post-socialist period. Keywords: age structure, second demographic transition, demographic ageing, revitalization, postsocialist period, Litoměřice
Czechia in the European context of malignant neoplasms mortality: analysis of potential factors of level and structure of mortality from this cause of death in the latest years
Maláková, Kateřina ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (advisor) ; Burcin, Boris (referee)
Czechia in the European context of malignant neoplasms mortality: analysis of potential factors of level and structure of mortality from this cause of death in the latest years Abstract This diploma thesis sets two main goals. The first main goal is to describe the trends and the current situation of the level and structure of mortality from malignant neoplasms in Czechia in the European context. It is believed that there are significant differences between countries of the European Union due to many factors (such as lifestyle, level of prevention, availability and quality of health care). The significant part of this study is devoted to the analysis of possible factors that may be related to the incidence of neoplasms and the mortality from neoplasms, which is also the second goal of the work. The results of the analysis show that the situation of mortality in Czechia is slightly worse compared to the European average. On the other hand, in Czechia, compared to other countries of the European Union, the absolute highest decrease of the mortality rate from malignant neoplasms occurred in observed period both for men and for women. Significant reductions in mortality have been documented in many selected groups of causes of death and most of individual age categories between 2009 and 2015, especially for...
The Dynamics of World Population Ageing
Bošková, Mariana ; Kurtinová, Olga (advisor) ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (referee)
The dynamics of the world population aging Abstract This bachelor thesis "Dynamics of Population Aging in the World" aims to evaluate the evolution of current trends of demographic aging in the world. The impact of population aging is analyzed through five indicators: old age dependency ratio, total dependency ratio, total fertility rate, life expectancy at birth, and median age. The countries with the highest and smallest values of these indicators are displayed. Furthermore, the most homogeneous and most heterogeneous regions are researching using the standard deviation of the values of used indicators. The countries with the largest and smallest differences in the values of the used indicators between 1950-2015 and 2015-2050 are also displayed. The most dynamic aging of the population will, according to forecasts, occur till 2050 in Eastern and Southeast Asia. These regions are most likely to hold world leadership in both age and median age levels. Throughout the reporting period, Africa will most likely be the youngest continent in the world. Key words: demographic aging, population development, world
Impacts of 1990's genocide on population of Rwanda and its awareness about family planning
Jelínková, Kamila ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (advisor) ; Kurtinová, Olga (referee)
Impacts of 1990's genocide on population of Rwanda and its awareness about family planning Abstract This thesis pursues the demographic development and the population's attitude to family planning in the state of Rwanda. The observed time period includes the second half of the 20th century to the present time. The first aim is the basic description of the demographic development of the state in relation to historical events. It's well known that wars have a negative impact on the population and economics of a state. The civil war broke out which brought big population losses in Rwanda in the 1990's. In this period the demographic revolution proceeded as it had in many other developing countries, which was important for the socioeconomic development of the state, and it was ceased as a consequence of the genocide. The Rwandan government at that time as one of the first governments began with the support of family planning programmes, which could have had a positive impact on the acceleration of the demographic transition. The second aim of the thesis is the determination whether the genocide had an impact on these governmental initiatives and stalled broadening of the awareness of family planning among the population this way, namely by means of media. The last aim of the thesis is the determination whether...
Development and specifics of mortality in European post-socialist countries since 1990
Solařová, Kristýna ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (advisor) ; Burcin, Boris (referee)
Development and specifics of mortality in European post-socialist countries since 1990 Abstract The aim of this thesis is to track, analyze and assess main trends of mortality development in selected European post-socialist countries between 1990 and 2010. At the beginning, the thesis resumes the similarities in history of mortality trends in analyzed countries (the Czech Republic, Bulgaria, Latvia and Ukraine) during the second half of the 20th century. It then describes the factors that caused the mortality heterogeneity in these states after the dissolution of the Soviet Union. Emphasis is placed on mortality crises, which have negatively affected the mortality trends in Latvia and Ukraine, as well as on conditions of favourable development in Bulgaria and especially in the Czech Republic. The development of total mortality level is described using life expectancy at birth. Since all analyzed states are characterized by higher male mortality rates, the phenomenon of male mortality excess is explained later on in the thesis. The thesis also describes and analyzes the development of death causes (neoplasm, circulatory system diseases and external causes). The findings of the previous chapters are followed by Pollard's two-dimensional decomposition of the differences in life expectancy at birth between 1990...
Causes and consequences of demographic ageing in selected countries with an intensive course of this process
Jodlová, Adéla ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (advisor) ; Kalibová, Květa (referee)
Causes and consequences of demographic ageing in selected countries with an intensive course of this process Abstract This thesis deals with the process of demographic ageing which is a topical issue for many countries, but its relevance will persist until the 21st century as in some of them the process has not developed to full intensity. The key part of the thesis is formed by the analysis of causes of population ageing such as fertility, mortality and migration, and of its consequences, especially economic ones, like the demographic dividend. In the methodological part some indicators which can be used for monitoring the ageing of population are described. Based on these indicators countries with high intensity of this process were selected. The analytical part of the thesis investigates population ageing in Italy, Japan and China and it presents the pitfalls and possibilities that the process brings. This part is concluded with a comparison of those countries in terms of causes and especially the pace of demographic ageing. The result of the analysis is the finding that in the 20th century the intensive population ageing occurred in more developed countries and at more intensive pace in those states that underwent a demographic revolution later such as Japan. In the 21st century the course will be...
Age and gender structure of elementary and high school teachers in Czechia from 2006 to 2016
Hanzlík, Radek ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (advisor) ; Kurtinová, Olga (referee)
Age and sex structure of elementary and high school teachers in Czechia from 2006 to 2016 Abstract The main goal of this bacelor thesis is evaluation of the most important development trends of age and sex structure of elementary and high school teachers in Czechia from 2006 to 2016. First we described system of czech education and then we analyze age and sex structure of teachers. In the thesis we used several indicators: average and median age, ageing index and feminity index of elementary and high school teachers. Based on this indicators we described population aging of teachers and feminisation of teaching profession. We created analyze of number of graduates of pedagogical disciplines on colleges and we also analyzed graduates of courses lifelong learning with a focus on education. Finally we described a forecast of number of elementary school pupils and the development of number of pupils per teacher for 2006-2016. Based on the forecast of needed time jobs of elementary and high school teachers in relation to estimated number of pupils we found out that we will need more full-time jobs of teachers. Keywords: teachers, age structure, sex structure, elementary school, high school, Czechia, feminization
Similarities and differences in the structure and intensity of mortality in the Scandinavian countries
Štiplová, Veronika ; Burcin, Boris (advisor) ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (referee)
Similarities and differences in the structure and intensity of mortality in the Scandinavian countries Abstract The aim of this bachelor thesis is to find similarities and differences in the structure and intensity of mortality from 1990 to 2014 in four Scandinavian countries (in Denmark, Finland, Norway and Sweden). First, the mortality rate is compared in the total and then it is compared due to six selected classes of causes of death (diseases of the circulatory system, neoplasms, diseases of the respiratory system, external causes of morbidity and mortality, mental and behavioural disorders, and finally, diseases of the nervous system). In the analyzed period, life expectancy at birth increased in all of the analyzed countries for both sexes and it was higher for women than men, however the increase in males is higher than in females. Most of the increase in life expectancy at birth was caused by decrease in the mortality rate due to diseases of the circulatory system. In the early 1990s, the class of circulatory disease represented the cause of death for approximately half of all deaths in both sexes in all of the analyzed countries. Neoplasms were the cause of death for another 20 % of deaths, in Denmark 25 %. In the monitored period, the share of deaths due to circulatory system diseases decreased to...
Selected Methodical Approaches to Regional Population Forecast: A case study in the South Bohemian Region
Říha, Vojtěch ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (advisor) ; Habartová, Pavlína (referee)
Selected Methodical Approaches to Regional Population Forecast: A case study in the South Bohemian Region Abstract The aim of this thesis is to introduce selected methodological approaches to population forecasts, focusing on the regional level and considering different lengths of time series. Specific procedures are applied to create a population forecast for the South Bohemian Region. In the theoretical part of this thesis, the stages of population forecasts processing are determined. The Cohort Component method with migration, which can be used to create population forecast, is characterized. Another part describes selected analytical models and functions for partial mortality, fertility and migration forecasts, including Indirect estimation of net migration. To extrapolate parameters, selected trending functions and the Box-Jenkins methodology are characterized in the part of the time series analysis. The analytical part of this thesis focuses on the creation of the South Bohemian Region forecast from short initial time series and long initial time series. From short initial time series, the partial forecast of mortality is analyzed by the Heligman-Pollard model, the partial forecast of fertility is analyzed by the Beta function and the partial forecast of migration is analyzed by 25%, 50% and 75%...
Mortality analysis of diseases caused by smoking in selected European countries, 1999-2014
Vachová, Aneta ; Hulíková Tesárková, Klára (advisor) ; Kurtinová, Olga (referee)
Mortality analysis of diseases caused by smoking in selected European countries, 1999-2014 Abstrakt The main point of this diploma thesis is to analyze mortality development of diseases caused by smoking in selected countries of the European Union during the period 1999-2014 by using analytic methods. Objective states are at first represented as values of smoking prevalence indicators and consumption of cigarettes per smoker in the population. The mortality development of diseases caused by smoking in selected European countries is mentioned afterwards. The computation of temporary life expectancy at exact ages 35-85 was made after that. When we compare temporary life expectancy at age 35-85 of the real population and temporary life expectancy where we will not count with mortality diseases caused by smoking in the same age group we will get a value of how many more years would the population in that age group live if the mortality of diseases caused by smoking was eliminated successfully. The results of the main part of this thesis show that if the people didn't die on diseases caused by smoking, the most visible prolongation of temporary life expectancy at exact ages 35-85 would be in Baltic countries, especially in Latvia, in both sexes. Keywords: Mortality, smoking, mortality causes, temporary life...

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