National Repository of Grey Literature 112 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Psychological aspects in patients undergoing cardiac surgery
Honsová, Karolína ; Krámská, Lenka (advisor) ; Hrachovinová, Tamara (referee)
This thesis researches psychological aspects in adult patients undergoing heart surgery. The thesis is divided into theoretical and empirical part. The theoretical part discusses depressive and anxiety symptomatology, quality of life and type D personality, in the context of cardiac surgery. Basic characteristics, possible relations, impacts of occurrence of these aspects and possible related interventions, which seem to be beneficial for cardiac surgery, are presented for each topic. In the empirical part, the symptoms of depression, anxiety and health-related quality of life were examined using a sample of (N = 47) patients undergoing valve surgery. BDI-II, BAI and SF-36 methods were used. The research was conducted in three measurements. The first measurement took place before the surgery, the second before the end of hospitalization and the third took place 30 days after being discharged from the hospital. It was discovered that the depressive symptomatology of our sample differed significantly from the normative sample in the first and second measurements. In the first measurement, the respondents of our sample differed significantly from the norm in the symptomatology of anxiety. In both cases it was an increased symptomatology of depression or anxiety over the norm. In the dimensions of...
Stigmatization towards persons with higher body-weight
Beníčková, Tereza ; Hrachovinová, Tamara (advisor) ; Rodriguez Manchola, Mabel Virginia (referee)
Over the last few decades, the prevalence of overweight and obesity has increased dramatically, with increased interest in the issue of stigmatization of overweight and obese people. The theoretical part of this thesis summarizes the existing knowledge in this area and describes the form of weight stigma in various areas of life - in the work area, in medical care and in the media. Foreign studies claim that weight stigma is not only present in these and other areas of life, but that it has various negative effects on the psyche and health of a stigmatized individual. Although research in this area is at an early stage, there is already evidence of a relationship of weight stigma and pathological eating behavior, affective disorders or negative body image. However, psychological intervention and therapy offer satisfactory tools to work with the stigmatization theme. The weight stigma is not a topic in the Czech Republic, despite its expanding abroad. The research carried out within the empirical part of the thesis is an initial attempt to map out the phenomenon of stigmatization of overweight and obese people in the Czech environment. For the purpose of the thesis, a questionnaire was drawn up and subsequently used in experimental design. The questionnaire investigated whether the assessment of...
Occupational load and life satisfaction of medical staff (focusing on general nurces)
Netíková, Pavlína ; Hrachovinová, Tamara (advisor) ; Štětovská, Iva (referee)
The topic of this master thesis is focused on occupational workload and life satisfaction of medical staff members, specifically general nurses. Profession of nurse is very physically and mentally demanding and the workload can lead to disturbance of nurse's health and well-being, thus also life satisfaction, which is a cognitive part of well-being. The aim of the theoretical part of the thesis is to be knowledgeable in thematic literature and summarize gained information into meaningful content. The first chapter is dedicated to the profession of nurse, its content, what education must be completed and what personality assumption should be met. The following chapters are focused on the occupational workload and stress of nurses, connected problems and coping options and also life satisfaction with related concepts is discussed. Aim of the empirical part is to analyse how selected Czech general nurses from inpatient wards scored in the Questionnaire of Life Satisfaction and the Meister's Questionnaire of Workload Rating, explore dependence of the outcomes on selected factors and causality between the outcomes. Attention has been focused on particular departments. Key words: department, life satisfaction, nurse, occupational workload, profession, stress
The psychological aspects of obesity
Šolcová, Ludmila ; Hrachovinová, Tamara (advisor) ; Dvořáková, Zuzana (referee)
This bachelor thesis aims to the psychological aspects of obesity with an emphasis to the role of depressive symptomatic. In the first chapter, there is brief information about depression and obesity as separate diagnoses. The second, the most comprehensive chapter, is concerned with a comorbidity of these diseases. It contains information about prevalence, development mechanisms and intervention options. The third chapter summarizes information about a role of psychology in bariatric surgery with an emphasis to depression. The research part aims to the body image and its effect on the relationship between depression and obesity. Keywords overweight, obesity, depression, body image
Connection between completion of weight loss program and self efficacy in obese people
Vávrová, Kateřina ; Hrachovinová, Tamara (advisor) ; Rodriguez Manchola, Mabel Virginia (referee)
The thesis deals with connections between completion of reduced course and self-efficacy of obese people. The theoretical part deals with definition of obesity, its prevalence and aspects of its treatment. A chapter of the theoretical part focuses on self-efficacy and its connections to obesity and physical activity. The last part is about general self-efficacy. The empirical part describes physical activity of obese respondents, changes in their physical activity self-efficacy and their general self-efficacy after completion of reduced course. The questionnaires about the level of physical activity and physical activity self-efficacy were created by author of the thesis. General self-efficacy was measured by General self-efficacy scale. Data were obtained in the first and last lesson of reduced courses. A paired-samples t-test was conducted to compare changes in both areas of self-efficacy. It has been found that frequency of respondents physical activity was insufficient. The results suggest that connection between completion of reduced course and general self-efficacy exist. On the other hand there was not significant difference between individual's physical self-efficacy before reduced course and after its completion. Keywords: obesity, self-efficacy, physical activity self-efficacy, general...
Comorbid occurrence of eating disorders with substance abuse in different medical centers and possibilities of psychotherapeutic influence
Chládková, Nikola ; Hrachovinová, Tamara (referee)
This thesis is focused on the research of comorbidity of eating disorders with substance use. The theoretical part defines the various addictive substances and describes their harmful use, addiction and bio-psycho-socio-spiritual model of addiction. The work describes the types of eating disorders- anorexia nervosa, bulimia nervosa and psychogenic overeating. The aim of the research was to describe the prevalence of women with eating disorders who at the same time use some of the addictive substances including alcohol. Another goal was to describe whether there is a difference between the types of eating disorders and preferences for specific drugs, and as well, to describe which eating disorder uses alcohol the most. This work also describes the possibilities of psychotherapy for people with this comorbidity. It was used the method of triangulation to collect the data. The first source of the information was a test battery, consisting of the EAT-26 questionnaire, AUDIT questionnaire and the last one is questionnaire orientated to drug use. The second source of information was a focus group and the last source were four case studies. This study confirmed that the diagnosis of bulimia nervosa tends to drug use the most. Just behind them are the patients diagnosed with psychogenic overeating have a...
Body image and body dissatisfaction in patients with anorexia nervosa
Pivoňková, Věra ; Hrachovinová, Tamara (advisor) ; Ottová, Barbora (referee)
The bachelor thesis deals with body image and dissatisfaction with own body in patients with anorexia nervosa. The construct of body image is described in the theoretical introduction and furthermore the focus is mainly on the description of the basic mechanisms of its formation. The historical and cultural conditionality of this phenomenon is also mentioned. In Western societies, the dissatisfaction with one's own body is growing, thanks to the universally accepted ideal of slenderness. This fact is associated with an increase in eating disorders, including anorexia nervosa. The paper mentions the specifics of anorexia nervosa in relation to body image and subsequently includes a proposal of a research study focused on comparison of body image (Multidimensional Body-Self Relations Questionnaire, MBSRQ), dissatisfaction with one's body (Dosedlova test silhouette), state of situational self-awareness (Situational Self-Awareness Scale, SSAS) and type of parental attachment (Parental Bonding Instrument, PBI), among the sample of forty women's patients with anorexia nervosa at the age of fifteen-eighteen and a comparative group of women from the non-clinical population. The expected results of the study are discussed in the conclusion with the results of previous studies.
Gender aspects of body image and body dissatisfaction in nonclinical population
Procházková, Jana ; Hrachovinová, Tamara (advisor) ; Štětovská, Iva (referee)
This thesis deals with the topic of body image and bodily dissatisfaction with non-clinical population with a focus on gender aspects. It has two main parts - theoretical and empirical. The theoretical part focuses on the term body image as a psychological concept that is a component of self-concept. For that reason, there is a definition of the overall self-concept and the difference between the real self and the ideal self. This part of the thesis stresses out the theoretical basis of the term. An important part is a chapter describing factors influencing a development of the bodily self-concept that influences the development and extent of bodily dissatisfaction. I talk about the current western society and its high standards on a physical appearance for both men and women. The thesis then deals with possible consequences of this dissatisfaction on human behavior, again with respect to the gender differences. The thesis also mentions human sexuality that is related to one's relationship with their own body. In the end of the theoretical part there are some possibilities for measuring body image and bodily dissatisfaction outlined. The empirical part consists of a quantitative study called " Gender aspects of Body image and body dissatisfaction in nonclinical population", just like the whole...
Using the Coping strategies questionnaire (SVF 78) when working with peoople with psychotic disorder
Matušková, Michaela ; Loneková, Katarína (advisor) ; Hrachovinová, Tamara (referee)
The aim of the current project is to evaluate SVF-78 questionnaire in terms of its usability when working with individuals with a psychotic disorder. Moreover, the project's focus lies on the differentiation of positive and negative coping strategies. The obtained data from SVF- 78 questionnaire were collected together with WHOQOL-100 from people diagnosed with psychosis and quantitative methodology; concretely correlations were used for its analysis. Parametric and nonparametric tests were used for a comparison of a group with psychotic disorder and a control group. This was an exploratory study which aimed to bring empirical knowledge for further research in this area. This overall goal was reached due to a denial of many null hypotheses. Due to the results, it is possible to focus on particular aspects of coping within SVF-78 questionnaire and their connection to the quality of life of an individual with psychotic disorder.
Quality of Life in Patients with Gluten Intolerance in Czech Republic
Hourová, Barbora ; Hrachovinová, Tamara (advisor) ; Šivicová, Gabriela (referee)
The diploma thesis deals with quality of life in patients with gluten intolerance in the Czech republic. It is divided into two parts, theoretical and practical. In the theoretical part is discussed the quality of life in general, development of interest of this theme and of the different definitions and the levels of the dimensions of quality of life. In the theoretical section below, the evaluation of the quality of life and the evaluation instruments are being described. This chapter is followed by a section dedicated to health, the development of the perspective on health, theories defining health and the concept of HRQoL. Then, the theme of somatic disease is being discussed. The theoretical part then focuses on the gluten intolerance, its types, health problems often associated with the gluten intolerance and research, which aim was the evaluation of the quality of life of people with gluten intolerance in the world and in the Czech republic. The last chapter of the theoretical part is dedicated to improving the quality of life of people with gluten intolerance in Europe and in the Czech republic. The practical part deals with the quality of life of patients with gluten intolerance in the Czech republic. For the purpose of mapping the quality of life of people with gluten intolerance in the...

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1 Hrachovinová, T.
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