National Repository of Grey Literature 121 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Principles and exercises for Creating Training Units to learn a Handstand
Provazník, Adam ; Hráský, Pavel (advisor) ; Kolbová, Kateřina (referee)
Title: Principles and excercises for creating training unit to learn a handstand. Objectives: The aim of this thesis, is to create a list of excercises which may by helpful for learning a handstand. These excercises together with theoretic bases should be enough for creating handstand trainings. Methods: This is theoretical type of thesis and method used for writing this thesis is literature review. Keywords: handbalancing, adho mukha vrksasana, gymnastics, postural stability, balance
Effect of sitting posture on different seats on respiratory function while using a smartphone
Janíčková, Michaela ; Heller, Jan (advisor) ; Hráský, Pavel (referee)
1 Abstract Title: Effect of sitting posture on different seats on respiratory function while using a smartphone Objectives: The purpose of this thesis is to investigate respiratory function in sitting posture while using a smartphone. Another objective is to compare the values of monitored parametres and to determine which of the 3 performed experiments exhibite the greatest decreases in respiratory parametres. The last aim is to confirm the difference between female and male values and to show that men have higher values of monitored respiratory parameters and the greater decrease of respiratory function than women. Methods: 20 healthy young volunteers were recruited (10 women, 10 men). The experiment was carried out on three different types of seats - office chair, armchair and gymball. Participants spent time using a smartphone for one hour. To investigate changes in respiratory function, we measured FEV1, FVC, FEV1/FVC a PEF before and after each experiment was completed. Values were processed in MS Excel. Pair t-test and Wilcoxon test were used to evaluate the effect of sitting posture on respiratory function (p < 0,05) A two-sample t-test was used to determine a statistically significant difference in values in men and women, as well as in decrease of respiratory function in men and women. (p < 0,05)....
The influence of whole-body electromyostimulation on muscle strength and body composition in healthy individuals
Kamarýtová, Magdaléna ; Coufalová, Klára (advisor) ; Hráský, Pavel (referee)
Title: The influence of whole-body electromyostimulation on muscle strength and body composition in healthy individuals Objectives: The aim of the diploma thesis is to collect and give comprehensive theoretical information concerning the whole body electromyostimulation topic. Furthermore, find out what the effect of the whole body electromyostimulation method on body weight, fat-free mass, body fat and other parameters of body composition. The aim of this work is to verify whether it is possible to achieve changes in bone mineral density values by means of the WB-EMS method or to increase maximal isometric muscle strength in healthy individuals. Methods: The diploma thesis is an intragroup experiment. The method of qualitative research was used for data collection. Bioelectric impedance analysis was used to evaluate body composition. DXA (Dual Energy X-Ray Absorptiometry) was used to assess bone mineral density and body composition, and isometric muscle strength was evaluated using isometric dynamometry. The research group consisted of 10 young and healthy probands (average age 23.9 years). Probands completed 10 exercise units using the whole body electromyostimulation method. The frequency of exercise was once a week. Results: We have found that after ten weeks of using the whole-body...
Analysis of muscle shortening and range of upper body movement and their relation to selected golf swing parameters in junior age players
Kosina, Jan ; Gryc, Tomáš (advisor) ; Hráský, Pavel (referee)
Title: Muscle tightness and range of motion analysis of selected upper body segments an its connection to selected parametres of experienced junior golf players swing. Objectives: The aim of this work is to assess muscle tightness, range of motion and golf swing kinematics of experienced junior golf players and to evaluate possible connections between muscle tightness, range of movement and golf swing kinematics Methods: Golf swing kinematics was observed by kinematic analyzer CODA Motion System. Selected parametres of golf swing were: shoulder rotation; pelvis rotation; X - factor; angle between shoulders and left arm. Parametres were measured in key moments of a goflf swing: end of backswing; impakt. Muscle tightness was measured by clinical test of muscle tightness according to Janda for selected muscles: m. triceps surae; m. iliopsoas; m. rectus femoris; m. tensor fascies latae; knee flexors; hip adductors; m. piriformis; m. quadratus lumborum; paravertebral muscles; m. pectoralis major; m. trapezius - upper part; m. levator scapulae and m. sternocleidomastoideus. Clinical test of range of motion according to Janda and standart two - arm goniometer was used for range of motion evaluation of selected body segments: hip joint - internal and external rotatio, flexion, extension; shoulder joint -...
Injuries in Football (Review Literature)
Kejmar, Martin ; Kaplan, Aleš (advisor) ; Hráský, Pavel (referee)
Name: Knee Injuries in Football (Review Literature) Objectives: The main aim of the thesis is to study scientific and professional articles and publications concerning the issue of injury in football and the subsequent transfer of processed information to the literature review. Another aim of the thesis is a working proposal on the determination of possible preventive principles that can minimize the occurrence of injury in football players. Methodology of work: In this work was used the method of literary research, mainly foreign, but also Czech literature, obtained mainly from Internet databases and bibliography. For an adequate review of the literature, keywords were set for both domestic literature and foreign publications. Results: Comprehensive review of football injury issues was created by processing a literature review. It has been found that football is one of the most risky sports with a potentially high risk of injury. Furthermore, it was confirmed that the most commonly injured joints are ankle and knee. The most common type of knee injury among football players has been reported in literature sources of meniscus injuries. The most common and most serious knee injury is an injury of the anterior cruciate ligament (referred to as LCA or ACL). A total of 56 articles of both Czech and...
Contemporary youth lifestyle and its impact on health
Hanák, Karel ; Coufalová, Klára (advisor) ; Hráský, Pavel (referee)
Title: Contemporary youth lifestyle and its impact on health Objectives: The aim of this thesis was to describe and evaluate the current lifestyle of young people with a focus on the level of physical activity, eating habits, spending leisure time and health of young people and to compare the obtained data with the results of international research conducted in the Czech Republic in 2018 as part of the HEALTH BEHAVIOUR IN SCHOOL-AGED CHILDREN. Methods: The questioning method was used to obtain information about the current lifestyle of young people and its effect on their health. 334 respondents participated in the survey, including 142 boys and 192 girls attending the Bratří Jandusů Primary School, the Hotel and Gastronomy Secondary School, the Media Graphic Secondary School and the Secondary Vocational School for European Union Administration in Prague. Results: The aim of the thesis was to find out what the current lifestyle of young people is and how it affects their health. According to the information obtained in my research, the respondents' current lifestyle is characterized mainly by unsuitable eating habits, insufficient physical activity and excessive spending of leisure time by sedentary (inactive) behavior. Only 6.9% of respondents meet sufficient physical activity and appropriate...
Compensation excercises in floorball
Bašová, Veronika ; Dragounová, Zuzana (advisor) ; Hráský, Pavel (referee)
Title: Compensatory exercise in floorball Objectives: The main aim of this work is to analyze current knowledge of the problem of unilateral loading in floorball and to create a proposal of compensation program. Methods: In our thesis we used a method of analysis of available domestic and foreign literature, scientific articles and studies dealing with the issue of unilateral load compensation. Results: Compilation of compensation exercises for floorball players based on analyzed knowledge and recommendations for exercises. Keywords: floorball, muscle imbalance, posture, compensatory exercises
Selected diagnostic procedures during the annual macrocycle of the floorball season which are used to demonstrate a specific asymmetry in floorbal players
Jelínek, Marian ; Hráský, Pavel (advisor) ; Jebavý, Radim (referee)
Title of the thesis: Selected diagnostic procedures during the annual macrocycle of the floorball season which are used to demonstrate a specific asymmetry in floorball players Aims of the thesis: The aim of this work is to identify and analyze the specific time period during the floorball season, which is characteristic with the biggest muscle asymmetry caused due to a specific exercise load that floorball demands. Methods: The research was conducted among elite floorball teams of the top men's floorball competition in the Czech Republic and the tested research group included only male professional athletes. The probands (n = 18 input measurements, n = 10 output measurements) took a total of four complex measurements. Testing was held once before the pre-conditioning period, once during the main course and twice before the playoff. Missing data was supplemented and approximated by the method of multiple imputations in Mplus software. Selected body composition parameters were evaluated, tested and measured on various measuring instruments and machines such as Tanita MC-980MA. The footscan® systems were used to measure postural stability. The explosive force was measured using Kistler force plates and the Cybex Humac Norm isokinetic dynamometer was used to determine the muscle strength of the lower...
Compensation exercise like a supplement of young school age children in figure skating
Nowická, Eva ; Hráský, Pavel (advisor) ; Prajerová, Květa (referee)
Title: Compensatory exercise as a complement to the training schedule for children of younger school age in figure skating Objectives: The main objective of this work is to identify the most frequently occurring muscular dysbalance in the studied group of younger school-age figure skaters. Therefore, in order to find out the fundamental deficiencies, we used simple tests and based on the deficiencies, we created a buffer of compensatory exercises. We will verify the results using the same tests as at the beginning of the initial measurement after the three-month preparatory period. Methods: In my work I used a functional muscular test to assess the flexibility and examination of a physiotherapist with the help of the MFK system. We do not only measure the muscular strength of the main muscle in individual tests, but we also investigate and analyze the performance of the whole movement. Testing was attended by five figure skaters in the younger school age. Results: Initial testing took place at the start of the preparatory period. A 3-month compensation program was then applied and after the test, the probands were again tested to determine the effect. The results of this work are described in the tables. The result of this work is that the most problematic parts were the abdominal, back muscles and...
Principles for creating an exercise unit focusing on a deep stabilization system
Schmidt, Jakub ; Hráský, Pavel (advisor) ; Jebavý, Radim (referee)
Title: Principles for creating an exercise unit focusing on a deep stabilization system Student: Jakub Schmidt Supervisor: PhDr. Pavel Hráský, PhD. Objectives: Describe the principles on which it is working with the deep stabilization system built. Highlight the importance of the HSS from the as a precautionary measure the therapeutic point of view. To provide a sufficient volume of information from the anatomical and kinesiological sphere for the general public on the basis of the available literature. Point out the common mistakes when working with HSS individuals often commits. Assemble a training unit for 4 levels of complexity, from the simplest from the point of view of postural position, after the more challenging types. Each training unit to equip a reservoir and a description of the individual exercises for the subsequent implementation. The tasks of the work: Study the professional literature of the chosen topic, create a total of 4 exercise units divided according to performance. Determine the criteria by which it can be in the selection of units to manage. Key words: natural range, muscle dysbalance, stabilization, coordination, mobilization

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