National Repository of Grey Literature 136 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The U. S. Foreign Policy and the Soviet Invasion of Afghanistan
Křížek, Filip ; Horčička, Václav (advisor) ; Koura, Jan (referee)
The subject of the Soviet invasion of Afghanistan is widely known and has the public attention. Still it is not processed enough by the historians. The end of the 1980's, as a period of withrdraw of the Soviet soldiers, draws more attention. Even the person of Jimmy Carter does not draw that much attention as the personality of his successor Ronald Reagan. The author will concentrate on the steps that were taken consequently after the Soviet incursion by the leading policy makers of the USA headed by president Carter. The author will analyse the indirect American involvement in the conflict and its influence on the relations of the superpowers and the condiotions in the administrative of the president of the USA. The author will also make an effort to show the continuity with the previous foreign policy of USA, Afghanistan and Soviet Union.
Soviet Union and the Komintern in the History of the KSČ, 1929--39
Hruška, Marek ; Horčička, Václav (advisor) ; Koura, Jan (referee)
In this bachelor thesis I deal with the role played by the Soviet Union and Comintern in the history of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia (CPC). For a better understanding of this issue, I chose a time period beginning in 1929, the year of Klement Gottwald's appointment as General Secretary of the Central Comittee of the CPC and ending in 1939, the end of the independent Czech-Slovak Republic. Nevertheless, I do not avoid explaining some of the events that took place before that time. I mean, the establishment of the CPC, the brief history of the Comintern, and the relations between the Comintern and the CPC just before Gottwald's entry into the post of General Secretary. I think that by comparing some differences between the CPC before and after 1929, I will get a better explanation of the causes and consequences of these changes. For the examination of the period 1929-1939, I choose several events, during which the working of the CPC, Soviet Union and Comintern has intersected the most. I am referring to the year 1929 during which the V. meeting of the CPC took place and Klement Gottwald gave his first speech in Rudolfinum, the Bolshevism of the CPC, the rise of the Nazis in Germany, and the reaction of the Communist Party to it, the 1935 Czechoslovak-Soviet Treaty, the Spanish Civil War, the...
From Neutrality to Alliance: Denmark on the Way to the Alliance with the USA and to the Membership in NATO: Contribution to the Study of Danish Foreign Policy in 1945-1949
Hůrská, Jana ; Kovář, Martin (advisor) ; Horčička, Václav (referee)
The topic of my diploma thesis is the Danish foreign policy between the years 1945 and 1949 and its relation to the Danish national identity. The main research question is, if and how the Danish national identity influenced the state's shift from the traditional neutrality policy to the North Atlantic Agreement. To understand the national narrative I use a discoursive analysis of selected sources, mainly the daily press and political speeches intended for public. I focuse not only on the image Danes had about them selves, but also on their view of the other agents of the international relations - mainly on the Soviet Union, the United States and the North. Keywords: Denmark, USA, Greenland, Occupation of Bornholm, NATO, UN, Marshall Plan, Easter Crisis 1948
A Stance of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization on Suez Crisis of 1956
Dolejší, Ondřej ; Koura, Jan (advisor) ; Horčička, Václav (referee)
This master's thesis focuses on the development of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization between 1955 and 1956. One of its main aims is to analyze the impact the crisis had on the members of NATO, especially on the relations between Great Britain and France and between Great Britain and the United States. Therefore, the author of the thesis concentrates on various disagreements within NATO and their possible impact on how the organization reacted during the crisis. The author will also examine the development in the Middle East and the role of NATO members outside clearly defined boundaries of the organization. The research will be placed in broader context of the Cold War and political development in the Middle East. To find answers for all the research inquiries, structural changes within the organization and the development in the economically key area of defense capability are also examined in the thesis.
Members of the Austro-Hungarian Air Force from the Czech Lands
Rajlich, Jiří ; Županič, Jan (advisor) ; Horčička, Václav (referee) ; Zářický, Aleš (referee)
The aim of this paper is to outline the share of airmen from the Czech lands in the formation, organizational and personnel construction, technical development and operational deployment of the Austro-Hungarian Air Force in the pre-war period and especially during World War 1. Simultaneously, this work will also try to determine their percentage share in the entire Austro-Hungarian Army and Naval Air Forces. The national (or provincial) origin of the personel of the Austro-Hungarian Air Force has not yet been the subject of historical research in any of the successor states. The reason was the fact that this young weapon was not statistically monitored - unlike other weapons. For Austrian historiography, the ethnic composition of the Austro-Hungarian aviation was not a subject of adequate attention. In Czech and Czechoslovakian historiography, for a long time, it was stated that number of the Czech airmen in the Austro-Hungarian Air Force was "insignificant". However, this age-old thesis, which has never been credibly proven, is subject to criticism in this work, leading to its re-evaluation. In particular, the reconstruction and analysis of statistically relevant samples of people revealed that in fact the representation of airmen from the Czech lands was above average and the Czechs had a solid...
Development of the Austro-Hungarian Navy, 1897-1914
Kalecká, Karolína ; Horčička, Václav (advisor) ; Županič, Jan (referee) ; Pejčoch, Ivo (referee)
The goal of this study is to describe the way Austria-Hungary followed to create and develop a modern navy in 1897-1914, and to determine, which factors were decisive in creating the final composition of the fleet. As the base for the research, a number of works related to the subject were studied, but far more important was detailed research of primary sources located in Austrian State Archives. The main line of the research as well as of this study follows negotiations on navy's budgets because of the assumption that the very base for building ships and developing the navy are financial resources. Among the more important subtopics are the way the navy had to award producers form both state, Austria and Hungary, with adequate portion of contracts, the Austro-Italian naval arms race, and the structure of the Austro- Hungarian fleet. The research revealed, that the ideal fleet as imagined by the commanders of the navy was a product of theories concerning a decisive battle and naval supremacy then widely widespread, and of the rivalry with Italy. However, the extent to which the ideal could have been followed, depended on the economic situation of both states; in the process of discussing and voting navy's budgets, the decisive word belonged to governments, not to delegations. The way the navy had...
Analysis of the activities of Allgemeine-SS in Lower Austria in the years 1932 - 1945
Zumr, Jan ; Horčička, Václav (advisor) ; Koura, Jan (referee) ; Veselý, Martin (referee)
The dissertation deals with the research of a role played by the SS, respectively Allgemeine-SS, in Lower Austria and Reichsgau Lower Danube since its creation in the early 1930s to the end of the Second World War. The dissertation's purpose is to analyse SS activities, structure and staff. Its history showed a number of identical features with the history of the SS in other Austrian Bundesländer and in Germany itself, but at the same time local specifics appeared. In Lower Austria / Lower Danube, the SS had the second highest or even the highest number of members in entire Austria, depending on a particular year. However, conversion to per capita it was exactly the opposite. In comparison with the situation in "the old empire", the SS also showed below average numbers of SS men. This fact consisted in geographic character and population social structure of the country whose predominantly Catholic-conservative inhabitants living in the lowland countryside showed greater resistance to entry into the SS than Evangelicals or Catholics living in the mountains. The situation was specific in South Moravia and the south-eastern corner of Bohemia which were connected to Lower Danube in October 1938. There were, as in the entire former Czechoslovak borderlands, a number of Allgemeine-SS members per capita...
Princely Family zu Schaumburg-Lippe in the Czech Lands during the World War II
Nováková, Barbora ; Horčička, Václav (advisor) ; Županič, Jan (referee)
The aim of this thesis is to analyse the life and attitudes of members of the German Reich aristocratic family Schaumburg-Lippe, who owned the Náchod estate in the Czech lands between 1842-1945, and Czech-German coexistence in the first half of 20th century. The first chapter is focused on the 19th century and the person of prince Wilhelm. Its goal is to highlight prince's attitudes and actions, which played an important role in forming the Czech-German "symbiosis". The second chapter deals with the topic of Náchod estate and its owner prince Friedrich in the interwar period. The "symbiosis" is examined through the prism of the Land reform as the most important aspect of the 1920's and the beginning of 1930's. The main area of the interest of this thesis, which deals with the family's lives and Czech- German coexistence during Second World War, is addressed from the third chapter on. This part is focused on the question whether Schaumburgs used the occupation of Czechoslovakia by Nazi Germany and establishment the Protectorate for their benefit, whether they changed their behaviour towards the Czech people, how they experienced and described the events of the war and what was their relationship to the Nazi regime and the representatives of the occupation's administration. The last part of the...
Leopold Sternberg, the life of Austria-Hungarian aristocrat during the 20th century
Hrdinová, Lenka ; Županič, Jan (advisor) ; Horčička, Václav (referee)
This dissertation depicts a life of Leopold Sternberg who was representative of one of the most significant Czech genus. The author of this thesis focused on his personality, war experience, and social activities as well as on a circle of his closest associates. She also focused on the fate of his siblings who until now were overlooked by researchers. This dissertation tracks the condition of family property during dramatic historical changes in the first half of the 20th century when they were often found out of the ownership of Sternberg family. We are talking about the first land reformation, the forced management during Nazi era and the nationalization after the Communist putsch in Czechoslovakia. The thesis focuses on Leopold's activities in the time of Nazi threat when he clearly registered to the Czech State. Some part of the thesis is dedicated to the American ambassador in Czechoslovakia Laurence A. Steinhardt. His fate was closely connected to at one point with the Sternberg one. The author has tried to profile the fate of Leopold Sternberg and his family after moving in abroad where he died in 1957. Keywords Sternberg, Aristocracy, Rakousko-Uhersko, World War First, Czechoslovakia, Protectorate of Bohemia and Moravia, Laurence Steinhardt
Czechoslovakia and the Development of Sino-Soviet Relations in the 1950s and 1960s
Crhák, Ondřej ; Koura, Jan (advisor) ; Horčička, Václav (referee)
This thesis discusses the role of Czechoslovakia within the framework of the Chinese- Soviet split. Based on the analysis of archival sources, it explores Czechoslovak proceedings within the given issue at the diplomatic level as well as the Communist Party level. Its aim is to confirm or disprove the statement that Czechoslovakia was a so-called small player in this dispute and acted more independently on the USSR policy . It focuses on mutual Czechoslovak-Chinese relations and their development in the given period, i.e. 1950-1969. It analyzes the progress of the Communist Party of Czechoslovakia from its viewpoint at international conferences of Communist and workers' organizations, but also at Party sessions. The thesis also describes the Chinese-Soviet split in the Third World and its influence on Czechoslovak policy. Last but not least, the thesis focuses on the factors that influenced the formation of the Czechoslovak attitude on this issue. The thesis studies given range of issues with the help of archival sources of Czech provenance and foreign materials available in electronic form.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 136 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.