National Repository of Grey Literature 53 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Systemic separatism of Chechen Republic
Kovbuz, Mikhail ; Aslan, Emil (advisor) ; Horák, Slavomír (referee)
Systemic separatism of Chechen Republic is a thesis dedicated to a relationship between Chechen republic and Russian Federation. This thesis is analyzing how far independence of Chechnya on Russia currently reaches, while also comparing the current state of Chechen affairs to what it was during Russian-Chechen conflict and the period of Chechen, de facto, independence in between those wars. Four chapters of this thesis analyze Russo-Chechen relationship from five different points of view - political, economic, personal and military- security. These is also a fifth chapter dedicated solely to historical context, which is a key to understanding development of Chechen Republic since the fall of the Soviet Union. Throughout all chapters an in-depth analysis of possible future development of the republic may be found.
The power of small states: A case study of Georgia (2004-2012)
Andrš, Vojtěch ; Aslan, Emil (advisor) ; Horák, Slavomír (referee)
This study focuses on use of foreign-policy power by Georgia on USA, EU member states and Russia during 2004-2012. In this period, Georgia wanted to enter into alliance with USA and EU states and gain access to Euro-Atlantic organizations, European Union and NATO. At the same time, Georgia wanted to reduce Russian influence on Georgian soil. After a few months of the new Georgian regime it was clear that the relation with its big neighbor will be difficult, mainly because of the two separatist republics on Georgian-Russian border, Abkhazia and South Ossetia. The aim of this study is to determine categories of power that Georgia used to achieve its goals. The study uses concepts of small state and power in international relations. Besides, it uses Nye's concept of soft and hard power. For influencing Western states Georgia chose the combination of soft and hard power. Soft power of Georgia has been mainly based on presentation of attractive values - pro-Western thinking a democracy - which should have attracted Western support. To a lower extent, foreign policy and culture were also used as sources of soft power. Georgia's hard power consisted of security importance and economic and political value of the country. In case of Russia, Georgia used only tools of hard power which included harsh rhetoric...
Transformation of civil-military relations in Turkey during 1990-2016 period
Pospíšil, Martin ; Aslan, Emil (advisor) ; Horák, Slavomír (referee)
This bachelor thesis examines the possibility of application of the civil-military relations theory formulated by Paul Staniland on the environment of the Republic of Tureky in the 1990-2016 period. By analyzing each factor formulated by the theory, the thesis tries to answer a question whether this theoretical framework can explain the radical change of the civil-military relations, that Turkey underwent under the leadership of Recep Tayyip Erdogan. After the first part where the applied theory is described, the text is focused on the percieved threat environment, level of political institutionalization and the level of civilian government legitimacy. In the last part the most significant changes between years 1997 and 2016 are described and a conclusion is made, that the strenghtening of internal security forces and rise of civilian governement legitimacy played the most significant role in the transformation.
Relations of the Turkish Justice and Development Party with the Iraqi Kurdistan Regional Government and the Syrian Democratic Union Party between 2011 and 2014
Gümplová, Anna ; Aslan, Emil (advisor) ; Horák, Slavomír (referee)
This thesis compares relations between the Turkish ruling Justice and Development Party (AKP) the Syrian Democratic Union Party (PYD) and the Iraqi Kurdish Regional Government (KRG) between 2011 and 2014 on the background of its Kurdish minority policy and approach to the Kurdish Workers' Party (PKK). Since AKP came to power the governmental approach towards so called "Kurdish question" have changed and it started to be more open to negotiations with the PKK. However, there were major changes in the AKP's stance on the "Kurdish question" during the peace processes with the PKK. In 2011 the AKP established closer, especially economic, relations with the KRG. This profitable partnership included a cooperation regarding the approach towards the PKK. In 2014 problems arose when Turkey almost did not help KRG militarily in its fights against ISIS. Turkey's approach towards the PYD was from its conception hostile, which has even worsened after the launch of the Syrian civil war, because PYD was getting stronger politically and militarily. The thesis describes different approaches of the AKP towards KRG and PYD and substantiates it on the background of the issue of the Kurdish question.
U.S. in Syria: Coalition with Kurds and Split with Turkey
Kotrbáček, Adam ; Bečka, Jan (advisor) ; Horák, Slavomír (referee)
The main aim of the bachelor thesis is to offer a reflection on the U.S.-Kurdish cooperation in Syria with regard to Turkey, U.S. key ally in the region of Middle East. The main focus is on territory in northern Syria since the start of the cooperation in 2014 until January 2018, when the Turkish Olive Branch operation started. In the first part of the work, three aspects of U.S.- Kurdish alliance are dealt with. In each of the three chapters, both U.S. and Turkish views on the given form of U.S.-Kurdish cooperation are presented, with the aim of identifying the dividing lines between the two countries. In the second part, knowledge of the scale of these rifts is used to identify major U.S. setbacks, in its strategy regarding the relations with Turkey. It is then further elaborated how the U.S. stance in the two presented aspects of U.S.-Kurdish alliance, had negative consequences on Turkey mainly, but also, in the final analysis, on the United States itself.
Analysis of the influence of "cursed natural resources" on the economic and political development of Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan after the disintegration of the Soviet Union
Hejzdral, Miroslav ; Jelen, Libor (advisor) ; Horák, Slavomír (referee)
The master thesis deal with relation between socioeconomic and political development in Kyrgyzstan and Kazakhstan after the disintegration of the Soviet Union and their dependence on extraction of oil, respectively on gold. These raw materials are thought to be their major export products. The aim is to determine the impact of raw material extraction on the macroeconomic development of the countries and the widening of their regional differences and to try to explain the declining or stagnant level of democracy in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan by means of the theoretical concept of resource curse. Methodologically, the thesis is done on the basis of statistical analysis of economic indicators such as GDP, HDI, foreign investment, remittances and world prices of raw materials. For a better understanding of regional differences, simple statistical methods such as index of change and the Gini coefficient were used. The work also analyzed the political development using indicators from Freedom House, Human Freedom and The Economist Intelligence Unit that measure the level of democracy and freedom. Interpretation of results is based on previous research of specialized literature and other media sources specializing on selected area. As a result, the very close linkage between macroeconomic development and...
Nagorno Karabakh: Ethnopolitics and geopolitics of conflict
Ditrych, Ondřej ; Aslan, Emil (advisor) ; Horák, Slavomír (referee)
This diploma thesis focuses on the relationship between ethnopolitics (defined by a raised demand of political autonomy for a community delimited along ethnical lines) and geopolitics (spatial definition and pursuing of national interests, determined by power) in what is one of most serious conflicts in post-Soviet space - Armenian-Azerbaijani conflict in Nagorno-Karabakh. Structure of the thesis is dialectical. Firstly, it defines terms such as conflict, conflict resolution or security, which will be used in the rest of the paper. Then, the conflict is placed into a spatial context, be it in its physical/material or spiritual/historical dimension. An effort is made to contextually embed Nagorno- Karabakh into the region of South Caucasus - whose politics has for centuries been shaped by conflicting interests of great powers - and to present a detailed projection of the disputed territory; not merely that of Nagorno-Karabakh itself, but also that of adjacent raions, whose total area is almost double in comparison. The main argument of this section is that the value of Nagorno-Karabakh rests not in the material realm - a dispute over "scarce resources" - but rather in the spiritual one, for is is perceived by the parties to the conflict as a "territorialization of national memory", or a constitutive element...
Dagestan as a possible destabilising element in the internal politics of the Russian Federation
Motúzová, Diana ; Horák, Slavomír (advisor) ; Aslan, Emil (referee)
This bachelor thesis analyses the situation in Dagestan as well as its destabilising potential influencing not only life in this republic and the North Caucasus region, but also the whole internal politics of the Russian Federation. An examined area includes political, social, economic and religious aspects of processes inside the Dagestani society. The aim of this thesis is to find out on the basis of analysis of the given spheres, whether Dagestan becomes an unavoidable destabilising element in the domestic political constellation of Russia. In the first chapter, the role of ethnic and religious identity as well as the social conservatism is analysed as a possible factor of conflict. In the second chapter, the thesis is focused on comparison between political situation in the era of consociationalism and the period since the introduction of centralistic reforms. The third chapter examines the Islamic radicalism in the society as well as the reasons for and the consequences of this phenomenon. Subsequently, the thesis discusses socioeconomic problems and the question of regulation of land relations in the society. The last chapter examines the influence of stances of the federal centre and the ethnically Russian population towards Dagestanis on the security situation in the republic and its...
The Roles of the United States and Turkey in the Kurdish question between the years 1991-2003 and their impact on the American-Turkish relations
Linhartová, Kateřina ; Aslan, Emil (advisor) ; Horák, Slavomír (referee)
The bachelor's thesis "The Roles of the United States and Turkey in the Kurdish question between the years 1991-2003 and their impact on the American-Turkish relations" deals with the different roles which given countries had in Kurdish question during the 90s and how those roles influenced their mutual relations. The author presumes that the existence of PKK and autonomous Kurdistan were factors which significantly influenced American- Turkish relations and were one of the main reasons why Turkey didn't support the American invasion of Iraq in 2003. Since the end of the First World War the Kurds were an important factor for international relations and the period chosen by the author is from this point of view the most interesting one. During this period both of Gulf Wars occured which had a big impact on the development of the Kurdish question. Both Turkey and the United States took part in these conflicts both directly or indirectly and played their own roles in the Kurdish question. The author investigates how much those different roles influenced the Middle East and the Kurdish people.
Turkish Foreign Policy towards Syria between 2002 and 2011
Jirásek, Vojtěch ; Aslan, Emil (advisor) ; Horák, Slavomír (referee)
This thesis studies Turkish foreign policy in Syria between years 2002 and 2011. Justice and Development Party (AKP) ruled in this period. In comparison with its predecessors, AKP started to focus more on Middle East and its foreign policy was often called as "neo-Ottoman". AKP brought concepts of "zero problems with neighbors" and "strategic depth" into Turkish foreign policy. Turkey also started to use more "soft power" in this period. This work searches those four concepts in Turkish foreign policy with Syria. Although Turkish foreign policy with Syria in years 2002 to 2011 contains number of elements of neo-Ottomanism, "zero problems with neighbors", "strategic depth" and "soft power", it is impossible to say it was based only on these concepts.

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See also: similar author names
4 Horák, Stanislav
1 Horák, Šimon
2 Horák, Štěpán
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