National Repository of Grey Literature 288 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Indirect perpetration
Repáňová, Patrícia ; Hořák, Jaromír (advisor) ; Vokoun, Rudolf (referee)
Indirect perpetration Abstract The topic of this diploma thesis is the analysis of an institute of indirect perpetration, which is one of many possible ways of committing a crime. Its essence lies in using other person who cannot be liable for his/her actions, also called an innocent agent or instrumentality. Such a person is controlled by an indirect perpetrator in the backround who must have double intentions towards committing a crime and also an abuse of a person who for some reason will not be held criminally liable. The reasons for staying out of criminal liability are enumeratively listed in the Criminal Code and include the lack of age, insanity, mistake, emergency, necessity and other defenses, as well as the fact that the person acted with no culpability or at all. It also deals with a matter when the innocent agent acts with no mental state (or motive) sufficient for commision of the offense which is required for particular criminal act and in those cases his liability can be measured at least as negligence and does not exclude his liability for another offense. This institute sought its way into the Criminal Code for quite a long time, until the enaction in 2009. The new Criminal Code was considered a groundbreaking legal regulation. By that time, the institute of indirect perpetration was only...
Traffic crime and its prevention
Filip, Jakub ; Říha, Jiří (advisor) ; Hořák, Jaromír (referee)
NÁZEV DIPLOMOVÉ PRÁCE, ABSTRAKT A KLÍČOVÁ SLOVA V ANGLICKÉM JAZYCE Název diplomové práce v českém jazyce: Traffic crime and its prevention Abstrakt: The topic of this thesis is traffic crime and its prevention. It is an area of criminology, which recently has been becoming more and more important, due to constant increase of traffic in general. Nearly every human participates in traffic every day, therefore we all are becoming potential victims or perpetrators of traffic crimes. This topic is too wide for one thesis and it is impossible cover the whole subject in total. So the aim of this thesis is first to give a comprehensive presentation of basic knowledge about traffic criminality, and than focus on more narrowly defined subject, for which I chose criminality with participation of cyclists. I decided for this specialization, because cycling is deep in my heart and I am an active road and track racer. The thesis consists of four chapters. The first chapter deals with the most basic issues like: definition of the term traffic, types and division of traffic, definition of the term traffic criminality, features of traffic criminality as branch of criminology and determination of traffic crimes. The second chapter is about traffic crime statistics. It is discussed what is the proportion of traffic...
The Unfit Preparation and Attempt of Criminal Offence
Salzmannová, Lucie ; Hořák, Jaromír (advisor) ; Pelc, Vladimír (referee)
The Unfit Preparation and Attempt of Criminal Offence Abstract The topic of the unfit preparation and attempt of criminal offence is one of the most disputable domains of criminal law. The conflict concerns mainly punishability of an act, which cannot really result in committing a crime, and punishment of perpetrator. In the study of criminal law, two basic approaches have developed. Other theories are derived from them. The first od basic approaches is the subjective theory, which emphasizes a malice of the perpetrator. In its radical form, it omits completely an act in the world. The second approach is represented by the objective theory, which constitutes the opposite of the subjective theory. This theory emphasizes mainly dangerousness of the perpetrator's act for society. The preference of theories has been changing, that is also represented by the difference of laws. The unfit attempt can be divided in three basic groups according to what is unfit: attempt on unfit object, attempt with unfit tools, attempt by unfit subject. The thesis is divided into several parts. In the first part, the unfit preparation and the unfit attempt are introduced as evolutional stadiums of a criminal act mainly from the point of view of current law. Than unfit forms and detailed explanation of both theory follow. Also such...
The crime of disorderly conduct regulation
Ježek, Tomáš ; Pelc, Vladimír (advisor) ; Hořák, Jaromír (referee)
v anglickém jazyce This thesis deals with a Czech legal regulation of the crime of disorderly conduct, defined in section 358 of the Criminal Code in a very abstract way as a gross indecency or disorderly conduct committed publically or in a publically accessible place. The main aim of the thesis is to offer a general characteristic of the crime, to specify its appropriate interpretation, to propose potential alterations of the current legislation and finally to describe a problem of spectator violence as a specific type of disorderly conduct. The thesis consists of six parts, the first of which analyses elements of the crime with a focus on elements laid down by indefinite concepts of law. Problems of the current legislation and proposals of its potential changes are also mentioned in a final chapter of this part. The second part deals with admissibility of concurrence of disorderly conduct with other crimes and special attention is paid to impossibility of such concurrence on the grounds of consumption of crimes. The next part is concentrated on administrative delicts committed in cases of less serious disorderly conducts, i.e. administrative delicts against public order and against civil coexistence. This part also provides main indicators determining a decision if particular illegal behaviour...
Culpability in Criminal Law
Schmalzová, Kateřina ; Pelc, Vladimír (advisor) ; Hořák, Jaromír (referee)
Culpability in Criminal Law The diploma thesis deals with the topic of culpability in criminal law, which is an obligatory attribute of the subjective aspect of the criminal offence. It characterizes the offender's psyche in relation to the criminal offence. In Czech criminal law, the principle of liability for fault (nullum crimen sine culpa), according to which there is no crime without fault, applies. The diploma thesis is divided into five chapters. The first chapter is focused on the general introduction; in which the crime and its merits are discussed. The largest part is left to the interpretation of the subjective aspect of the criminal offence and its obligatory and facultative characteristics. The chapter concludes with a treatise on the concept of guilt in criminal law. The second chapter deals with the historical development of the institute of culpability in the criminal codes, which used to be applicable in our territory, from the period defined by the applicability of the Act on Crimes, Offenses and Misdemeanours to the Criminal Code of 1961, which was replaced in 2010 by the current Criminal Code. The third chapter deals with the current regulation of culpability in criminal law, the most part is left to the general characteristics of the regulation of culpability in the applicable...
Klabanová, Andrea ; Pelc, Vladimír (advisor) ; Hořák, Jaromír (referee)
This diploma thesis provides to the reader an analysis of one of the most complex institutes of substantive criminal law - participation. Its aim is to focus mainly on the current legislation of participation, but also to criticize it and to propose the changes in legislation. Apart from the introduction and conclusion, the thesis consists of a total of six parts. The first part of the thesis is devoted to defining the concept participation together with concepts associated with participation. First of all, the concept criminal cooperation is defined, in which the division of participation we can find, and then the division of participation itself is discussed. The second part analyzes individual conditions and principles of participation, on which this institute is built. Accessority of participation, which is crucial for this institute, is discussed in more detail. The third part deals with individual forms of participation. Firstly the conditions of criminal liability are analyzed from the most serious form to the least serious one. For each individual form there are then discussed the specifics of the form associated. The chapter related to organizing distinguishes this from an organized group and an organized criminal group. At abetting there is the institute of agent provocateur and hiring...
Selected Questions of Unconditional Imprisonment
Jirsová, Kamila ; Hořák, Jaromír (advisor) ; Pelc, Vladimír (referee)
- Selected Questions of Unconditional Imprisonment The presented diploma thesis dealing with current issues of unconditional imprisonment is led by an effort to analyze problems that are conncted with the imprisonment and to outline possible solutions. The introduction is devoted to the concept of punishment and its purpose. In order to better understanding the current concept of unconditional imprisonment, the second part briefly discusses the historical development of this punishment and the origin of penological systems. This section also includes legislative regulation at both international and national level. The third part examines the unconditional imprisonment in terms of length, while the author concludes that the greatest risk of negative effects is linked to both very short sentences and penalties of over 10 years. The pivotal part of the thesis is the fourth part, which deals with selected actual issues, which must be discussed in connection with the unconditional imprisonment. The author calls for the priority to be given to the problems of prison overcrowding, because without the solution of this problem it is not possible to face other negative phenomenons and effort to reform convicts are often void. The author sees the solution partly in the construction of new prison facilities....
3D printed directional antenna
Dvořák, Václav ; Horák, Jiří (referee) ; Láčík, Jaroslav (advisor)
This master thesis deals with a study of directional antennas, followed by their design and optimization of horn antenna based on SIW for Ka band (26,5- 40 GHz). The first part of the thesis contains the theoretical analysis of the different types of directional antennas, also the SIW technology is described here. It also describes the 3D printing technology by means of which the final antenna should be made. The next part of this work is about design of horn antenna based on SIW. Simulation and optimization of the antenna will be done using the CST Microwave Studio. The horn antenna was modeled with three different dielectric loads. The horn antenna with an experimental triangular dielectric load was chosen for fabrication. The fabricated antenna has reached almost the whole bandwidth to cover Ka. The antenna gain was 9,38 dBi for 33 GHz frequency.
Effects of electrical discharges on the Mars´ atmosphere
Fojtíková, Nikola ; Horák, Jakub (referee) ; Kozáková, Zdenka (advisor)
The aim of this thesis was to study the effects of electric discharge on the atmosphere simu-lating conditions on Mars. This bachelor thesis is focused on simulation of Mars atmosphere at atmospheric pressure and normal laboratory temperature. Mars's atmosphere was more like Earth in the past. Mars is mostly composed of carbon dioxide, which accounts for more than 90% of Mars' atmosphere. To study the Mars atmosphere simulation, glow discharge generated in the reactor at atmospheric pressure was used at a CO2 flow (100 sccm) and dis-charge current of 20, 30 and 40 mA. A part of the measurements was focused on the influ-ence of hydrogen addition at different flow rates. The measurement time course with differ-ent measurement changes was also recorded. Reaction products were analysed using a pro-ton ion mass spectrometer and a flight time analyser. A high amount of aliphatic hydrocar-bons and their derivates, especially alcohols, was detected as well as several cyclic struc-tures. The main products identified in all experiments with a substantial concentration were molecules of ethen, ethane, ethanol, acetone, pentane, benzene and others.
Study of gas influence on nanoparticle generation by electrical discharge in liquids
Simić, Sanja ; Horák, Jakub (referee) ; Kozáková, Zdenka (advisor)
The work is focused on the preparation and characterization of Ag nanoparticles generated by plasma of the electric discharge in liquids. In more detail, it examines the DC discharge and the formation of hydroxyl and hydrogen radicals. The process is chemical in situ reduction, which is one of the most important methods of producing Ag nanoparticles because it is simple and economical and can perform better dimension size control by optimizing experimental parameters. During experiments, changes were made in various parameters such as concentration, conductivity, solution pH, intensity and polarity of the applied voltage. Different parameters such as particle size, shape, specific surface, crystallinity and many others can affect the properties of the nanoparticles. In view of these facts, detailed analysis of both plasma and nanoparticles generated for the control of nanoparticle synthesis and subsequent application is essential. In this work a plasma analysis was performed by optical emission spectroscopy (OES) and the characteristics of nanoparticles by UV-VIS spectroscopy and scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Silver nanoparticles are used in many industries such as the food, textile, construction and energy industries as well as in medicine, cosmetology and pharmacy. Thanks to their widespread use they represent the future of nanotechnology.

National Repository of Grey Literature : 288 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
See also: similar author names
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