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Selected legal aspects of Artificial Intelligence
Zachová, Magdalena ; Holcová, Irena (advisor) ; Křesťanová, Veronika (referee)
Selected legal aspects of Artificial Intelligence In recent years, Artificial Intelligence has become a widely discussed topic. The main goal of this thesis is therefore to draw attention to some risks that arise from the use of Artificial Intelligence. This thesis deals mainly with three legal aspects of Artificial Intelligence. These aspects are privacy, personal data protection and discrimination. Chapter one is conceived as a general introduction which aims to present the term Artificial Intelligence along with various approaches to it. The relation between Artificial Intelligence and copyright law is mentioned in this chapter and a special attention is paid also to machine learning and neural networks. The second chapter summarizes the relevant legal sources in which the right to protection of personality, privacy and personal data is enshrined. The following chapter focuses on privacy protection. The risks associated with the use of drones are mentioned here. One subchapter describes in more detail the situation in the People's Republic of China, which uses Artificial Intelligence to track its citizens. Given the fact that Artificial Intelligence processes large amounts of data including personal data, it is necessary to ensure that the data is properly protected and not misused. Chapter four...
Legal Aspect of Artificial Intelligence
Dang, Milan ; Holcová, Irena (advisor) ; Křesťanová, Veronika (referee)
Legal Aspects of Artificial Intelligence Abstract The inclusion and further development of artificial intelligence creates novel legal challenges. This thesis attempts to chronologically follow the "life cycle" of artificial intelligence. Firstly, the very concept of artificial intelligence and other related technical and legal terms are explained. Secondly, the creator's rights to artificial intelligence are described, as well as the employees' role in the development of artificial intelligence. The thesis concludes with an analysis of the "creative" possibilities of contemporary artificial intelligence, along with the current Czech regulation of copyright protection. In this thesis the author tries to make the complex issue of the current state of legal regulation of artificial intelligence and its development tendencies accessible to lawyers. This is achieved by on one hand covering the capabilities of artificial intelligence and on the other hand by emphasizing the limitations of today's artificial intelligence. In the conclusion of the introductory chapter, the author offers a legal definition of artificial intelligence for the needs of copyright law. Furthermore, the thesis discusses the legal status of the programmer as a creator of artificial intelligence, and of IT companies in business...
Collective administration of rights-the position of collective administrators in granting licenses, entering into copyright contracts on compensation and in cases of infringing use
Blaháček, Miloš ; Křesťanová, Veronika (advisor) ; Holcová, Irena (referee)
Collective administration of rights - the position of collective administrators in granting licenses, entering into copyright contracts on compensation and in cases of infringing use Abstract This thesis is focused on the subject of collective management of copyright and related rights, primarily from the point of view of the collective management organisations, in particular their legal relationships to users of legally protected rights. The goal of this master thesis is to evaluate the current state of Czech legislation regarding the institution of collective management of rights and its recent amendment. The thesis is divided into five chapters. The first of them deals with some essential concepts of copyright including the usage of legally protected rights. The second chapter defines concepts of collective management of rights and collective management organisations and covers the reasons for its foundation and historical development in the world and in the Czech Republic. Special attention is given to the monopolized position of the collective management organizations which is often criticized by the public. The next two chapters introduce individual collective management organisations together with a new institute of independent management organisations, introduced in Czech legislation by Amendment...
IP law in computer games
Tauber, Matyáš ; Holcová, Irena (advisor) ; Křesťanová, Veronika (referee)
Intellectual property in computer games Abstract The topic of this thesis is the issue of video games in intellectual property rights. Although their economic potential is the largest of all sectors of the leisure industry, there are many unanswered legal questions on this issue. The work focuses on intellectual property, especially on copyright, but also on industrial property rights. The focus of the thesis is the legal analysis of individual elements of the video game, their legal classification and subsumption of the video game as such under the legal regulation of the Czech Republic. At the end of the thesis are reflections de lege ferenda on how a video game should be regulated in the Czech law. The work is divided into eight parts, chapters and subchapters. The first part of the thesis is devoted to the video game industry and its situation in the Czech Republic. The second part defines the concept of video games, which is not reflected in Czech law. Part three comprises of inclusion of video game under the existing Czech legislation. The following fourth part of the thesis is the structure of the video game and the definition of its elements. The fifth part of the thesis analyzes the authorship of the video game, how it originates, to which parts of the video game the authorship applies and to what...
Originality under the law of EU and under the UK copyright
Bokůvka, Matyáš ; Křesťanová, Veronika (advisor) ; Holcová, Irena (referee)
The main purpose of this diploma thesis is to analyse and compare originality in EU and UK copyright law. Proper understanding of originality is crucial mainly because it exists as the most essential requirement for grand copyright protection worldwide. However, the interpretation of originality is problematic and fragmented. The thesis is divided into two main parts. The first part introduces Anglo-American copyright and continental droit d'auteur and puts it into the context of international copyright law with an emphasis on the concept of copyright harmonization in the European Union. In the last sub-chapter of the first part, the paper introduces copyright work as the subject-matter of copyright protection. In the second part, the thesis focuses on originality and its concept in EU and UK copyright law. In this part the author analysis relevant legislation, flagship ECJ case law and important judgments of the British courts concerning the interpretation of originality. Furthermore, the author also adds considerations de lege ferenda. Least but not last, the work addresses future challenges regarding originality mainly in the context of the development of modern technologies and explains the need to strike a compromise in originality test within the European Union regardless of whether the UK...
The Internet and copyright - modes of the use and scope of protection of the work (traditional usage, peer to peer networks, email ...)
Parezová, Andrea ; Holcová, Irena (advisor) ; Křesťanová, Veronika (referee)
This thesis is intended as a brief introduction to the issue of the specific aspects of use and protection of copyright works at the specific enviroment of the internet. The Internet is a growing phenomenon of modern age which significantly affects social interaction including use of copyright works. Due to this enormous development the using of copyright works is much easier and faster which changed the established business models. However, the Internet is also widely used for copyright infringement. The thesis consist of seven chapters. The first chapter is focused on defining the terms Internet and copyright law. The Internet is defined both from a technical and legal point of view and there is also a brief summary of the history of the Internet. Copyright law is also defined and further national, european and international law sources are assessed. The applicable law and subject-matter jurisdiction is briefly discussed too. The second chapter analyses the definition of a copyright work and its author in addition deals with copyright law exceptions and public domains. In the chapter three the author introduces the specific modes of use of the copyright works in the Internet environment and the various judgements of national courts and the Court of Justice of the European Union. Contractual and...
A comparison of copyright protection of authors and performing artists
Šímová, Jiřina ; Křesťanová, Veronika (advisor) ; Holcová, Irena (referee)
1 A comparison of copyright protection of authors and performing artists Abstract The main objective of this thesis is to provide the reader with a complex overview of the rights of authors and performing artists including the tools of their legal protection as well as a comparison of their rights. The thesis is divided systematically into eleven chapters that includes introduction and conclusion. The first chapter includes introduction which provides information about objectives of this thesis. The main purpose of the second chapter is to define rights of authors and performing artists in the system of law including description of basic aspects mutual to both groups of rights. The third chapter deals with sources of international, European and domestic sources of law regulating these rights. In the fourth chapter I pay attention to characterize the terms author's work and artistic performance, i.e. objects of the rights of authors and performing artists and their defining characteristics. In the fifth chapter I focus on characteristic of subjects of these rights. The sixth chapter deals with the subject matter of these rights, i.e. moral and economic rights that belong to authors and performing artists to their author's works and artistic performances. The seventh chapter focuses on the license agreement,...
Big Data Legal Aspects
Čapek, Martin ; Holcová, Irena (advisor) ; Křesťanová, Veronika (referee)
1 RP - Big Data Legal Aspects, Martin Čapek, 2019 Abstract Herein presented paper focuses primarily on a complicated relationship between law and data as such, putting greater emphasis on individual legal aspects of use of the big volume data, so called "big data", and their key role for modern digital economy. The paper itself is divided into three main chapters. First chapter presents more general description of the big data phenomenon and at the same time it describes various possibilities of their use. In the second chapter, the big data as well as the data as such and their use are viewed through the lens of relevant areas of law. The final chapter uncovers a set of selected challenges to which, in general, the use of data faces in the digital world while attempting to outline their theoretical solutions. Within the scope of the first chapter the primary objective was to bring the big data phenomenon closer to the wider legal community without having been unnecessarily burdened with technical details. The description of the big data thus focused not only on their typical features, but also on their processing and general use in society, including the relevant specifics of use in individual sectors. At the outset the second chapter as a key chapter of this paper focuses on data and information in the...
Protection of computer games and video games
Kozlovský, Michal ; Holcová, Irena (advisor) ; Křesťanová, Veronika (referee)
61 11. Abstract in english Protection of computer games and videogames This diploma thesis pursues to asses on legal protection of computer games and videogames, foremost the protection via copyright law due to it being the most significant legal legal branch in protection of computer games and videogames. The thesis aims to explore the options for qualification of videogames in the system of copyright law and the consequences of such classification. The main goal of this thesis is to asses whether the czech legal systems offers alternatives to protection of videogames other than protection as computer programs while highlighting one alternative-protection as audiovisual works. This approach is inspired mainly by foreign literature and it aims to discuss the opinions therein in the context of czech legal system. First three chapters of this thesis serve as introductory chapters and are used to explain the content of this thesis and the motivation of the author for choosing such topic. Furthemore they are used to explain the phenomenon of videogames and provide a brief excursion to the history of protection of videogames. Chapter four and five are the vital part of this thesis and aim to provide explanation of copyright law terms connected to videogames and in the fifth chaper those terms are used to provide...
Internet and copyright
Horn, David ; Holcová, Irena (advisor) ; Křesťanová, Veronika (referee)
1 Internet and Copyright Abstract This master's thesis discusses the role and effect of copyright in the ever-changing Internet environment which (due to its specifics) requires special legislature providing for exploitation of creative works. The main aim of this thesis is to analyze relevant legal aspects of important ways of use of author's works in cyberspace, identify the problematic areas in currently effective legal framework and evaluate the possible outcomes of recently adopted EU copyright reform on a digital single market. The thesis is divided into five chapters where the first two serve as a general introduction to the topic while the following three are rather analytically descriptive or almost exclusively analytic. The first chapter focuses on Internet's technical background and thus forms the necessary basis for subsequent reading. Its content is not limited to terminology but also encompasses the description of Internet's main technical features which largely affect the boundaries for digital copyright. Finally, legitimacy of regulation in cyberspace is discussed and eventually approved. The second chapter provides a general insight into the key aspects, principles and sources of copyright law which is vital for understanding the topics discussed in the following chapters. At the end, main...

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2 HOLCOVÁ, Iveta
1 Holcová, Ivana
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