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Experimental in situ transformation of smelting wastes in soil systems
Jarošíková, Alice ; Ettler, Vojtěch (advisor) ; Hiller, Edgar (referee) ; Doušová, Barbora (referee)
Metallurgical activities are one of the important sources of environmental pollution, especially due to inappropriate treatment of waste materials containing potentially harmful elements. Soils in the vicinity of smelting operations are the main target reservoirs for these emitted contaminants. The aim of this study was to depict reactivity of copper smelter flue dusts and slags in aqueous and soil environments using laboratory and field experiments. Slags exhibited high concentrations of As (up to 0.95 wt.%), Cu (up to 2.4 wt.%), Pb (up to 1.02 wt.%), Sb (up to 0.37 wt.%), and Zn (up to 2.45 wt.%). Copper and other metal(loid)s were predominantly bound in sulphides, especially bornite, digenite, chalcocite, and galena. Flue dusts were mainly composed of As2O3 phase (arsenolite and claudetite), with minor amounts of gypsum, galena, quartz and covellite. The main contaminants in the dust were As (53.3 wt.%), Pb (3.41 wt.%), Sb (1.26 wt.%), Zn (1.41 wt.%), Cu (1.07 wt.%) and Bi (0.80 hm.%). The leaching tests performed in the pH range of 3-12 indicated that the release of metal(loid)s from both types of metallurgical wastes was highly pH-dependent. During the leaching in deionised water, up to 42 mg/kg As was released from slags and up to 52.6 g/kg was leached from the flue dust; the latter highly...

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