National Repository of Grey Literature 3 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Composition of skin microbiome in psoriatic patients
Stehlíková, Zuzana ; Jůzlová, P. ; Rob, F. ; Herzogová, J. ; Koren, O. ; Uzan, A. ; Tlaskalová-Hogenová, Helena ; Jirásková Zákostelská, Zuzana
Psoriasis is a chronic noninfectious and inflammatory skin disease, whose pathogenesis involves environmental triggers, including microbiota. In our study we compared bacterial composition between healthy controls and psoriatic patients using V1V2 hypervariable region of 16S rRNA. We found higher species diversity in psoriatic lesions than in contralateral psoriatic healthy site or in healthy control skin. Genus Propionibacterium was more abundant in contralateral healthy sites (57.77%) than in affected psoriatic sites of psoriatic patients (47.12%). On the other hand, we found higher abundance of genus Staphylococcus in psoriatic lesions (18.78%), while lower abundance in contralateral healthy sites (9.52%). Since Propionibacterium are commensal bacteria, the shift in their abundance from healthy to psoriatic skin could be due to disturbation of natural skin habitat. Interpretation of higher presence of Staphylococcus in psoriatic lesions comparing to contralateral healthy sites requires further species characterization. To complete the picture about psoriatic microbiome we will further investigate skin fungal composition in identical samples.
Role of microbiota in mouse experimental model of psoriasis
Jirásková Zákostelská, Zuzana ; Stehlíková, Zuzana ; Klimešová, Klára ; Rossmann, Pavel ; Dvořák, Jiří ; Novosádová, Iva ; Kostovčík, Martin ; Coufal, Štěpán ; Šrůtková, Dagmar ; Hudcovic, Tomáš ; Štěpánková, Renata ; Rob, F. ; Jůzlová, P. ; Herzogová, J. ; Tlaskalová-Hogenová, Helena ; Kverka, Miloslav
Anotace v anglickém jazyce\n\nMouse model of human psoriasis and gnotobiotic are important tools in understanding the role of gut and skin microbiota in pathogenesis of psoriasis. In our experiments we showed that gnotobiotic mice, as well as conventional mice treated with antibiotics, have milder skin inflammation in comparison with control conventional mice. Treatment with broad spectrum antibiotics led to dramatic shift in gut microbial composition, in particular, we observed extensive increase of order Lactobacillales. To analyze the potential effect of Lactobacillales on skin inflammation, we further monocolonized mice with L. plantarum WCFS1. Also monocolonized mice showed lower skin inflammation in comparison with conventional mice. To understand whether microbial dysbiosis is cause or effect of psoriasis needs to be further investigated.\n\n
Identification of lactic acid bacteria in hard cheeses using amplification methods
Herzogová, Jitka ; Rittich, Bohuslav (referee) ; Španová, Alena (advisor)
Diploma thesis was focused on identification of lactic acid bacteria of species Lactococcus lactis and subspecies Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis and Lactococcus lactis ssp. cremoris using species and subspecies specific polymerace chain reaction (PCR). PCR method was used for identification of bacteria of species Lactococcus lactis in 10 samples of hard cheeses. The method of sample preparation was evaluated for hard cheeses with the aim to receive sufficient amount of cells for the preparation of crude cell lysates. Whole DNA in quality suitable for PCR was separated using magnetic microspheres P(HEMA-co-GMA) in the presence of polyethylenglycol (PEG 6000) and sodium chloride. DNA isolated by phenol extraction was used as control of DNA isolation. PCR was used to the analysis of 7 strains of Lactococcus lactis from Collection of dairy microorganisms Laktofora (CCDM). Altogether 5 or 2 strains were identified into subspecies Lactococcus lactis ssp. lactis and Lactococcus lactis ssp. cremoris, respectively.

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1 Herzogová, Jitka