National Repository of Grey Literature 17 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Spatial behaviour of immigrants: analysis of spatial relatedness between migration groups
Hasman, Jiří
The entry of immigrants into their incoming country as well as their subsequent spread over the country's territory occurs through processes that have a strong spatial bias. The specific migration groups (here defined as the set of immigrants with the same country of origin) tend to reveal different levels and patterns of their spatial concentrations. The understanding of these similarities and dissimilarities in spatial behaviour is important task from both academic and policy perspective. This thesis has a quantitative character and it is based on the study of "spatial relatedness" of migration groups, which is defined as a rate, how much do given migration groups concentrate into the same regions. The thesis is based on a simple assumption that the spatial relatedness mirrors mutual proximity or similarity between these groups in other respects (e.g. cultural or economical). Plenty of datasets describing spatial distribution of migrants within 32 territorial systems on various scales (from global to local) are analysed. These systems will be analysed separately at first and then a synthesis of these partial results will be done with the aim to discover prevailing pattern of the spatial relatedness of migration groups. The assessments consists of several steps, which include particularly calculation of...
Development and migration policy as instruments of contemporary Turkish geopolitics
Hlavatá, Nora ; Hasman, Jiří (advisor) ; Tureček, Břetislav (referee)
One of the countries that has enjoyed great international interest in recent years is Turkey. The long period of passive foreign policy oriented primarily towards the West has been replaced in recent years by a very active foreign policy focused on its own region. Turkey has included new instruments and activities in its foreign policy that are more in line with the position of the Middle Power. Two of the foreign policy instruments that have become important in Turkey include development aid and migration policy, or more precisely its response to refugee crises. This is also due to the fact that, as a result of the Syrian crisis, Turkey currently hosts more than three million refugees on its territory. The main goal of this thesis is to analyze the changes in Turkey's migration and development policy in the context of its overall foreign policy, as well as the way in which these issues are used to increase its soft power. The more general goal is to try to use the findings to enrich the Two-Good Theory with soft power tools. The Two-Good Theory attempts to explain the behavior of states in terms of their inclination towards maintaining status quo or changing the status quo in different areas of international relations. As shown by the diploma thesis, Turkey used these tools to build its position,...
Factors of education in Africa and their regional differentiation
Tillová, Petra ; Hasman, Jiří (advisor) ; Kolomazníková, Jana (referee)
Factors of education in Africa and their regional differentiation Abstract Education is one of the primary driving forces of development and its importance in the poor countries is undoubtable. The aim of the diploma thesis is to identify the most significant factors affecting education in African states and to analyse them by using of the additional sources and data. The theoretical part points out the complexity in the education and introduces selected approaches in the education studies. The empirical part consists of the research of summary reports by UNDP (MDGs) and UNESCO (EFA) for countries with available reports in English; and analysis of particular factors connected of discussion with another scientific publications. These factors were classified on the basis of literature, to macro and micro factors first, subsequently according to the meaning. The most mentioned factors in the summary reports were school factors (school expenditures, teacher quality), political and economic factors (poverty) or sociocultural factors (women status). According to the conducted research it is obvious that the complex perspective of this issue and including as much factors as possible is essential. The variation coefficient was set for the possibility to find regional differentiation for particular groups of people...
Regional differentiation in perception of immigrants and immigration by students of secondary schools and its determinants
Divínová, Pavlína ; Hasman, Jiří (advisor) ; Vávra, Martin (referee)
Regional differentiation in perception of immigrants and immigration by students of secondary schools and its determinants Abstract This thesis deals with the attitudes of Czech upper-secondary school students to immigrants. The main goal of this thesis is to find out whether there are regional differences in the perception of immigrants by students of the upper-secondary schools in the Czech Republic and to find out which factors can affect the perception of immigrants and their regional differentiation. Considering the actual situation in the world, the topic of this thesis is very up-to-date. It is necessary to be carefully prepared for the increase of the international migration to ensure smoother integration of migrants in the concerned countries. Much research addresses the international comparison of countries in the perspective of immigrants, but monitoring of intra-national differences is really important and can tell us a lot about where the main causes of the problems are. Based on this opinion, I was studying the relationship of the Czech society with immigrants. As a sample, I opted for students of grammar schools and vocational schools. As a main theoretical concept, I choose contact hypothesis of Gordon Allport. It is based on the assumption, that to prevent prejudice and conflicts between...
Regional differentiation in perception of immigrants and immigration by students of secondary schools and its determinants
Divínová, Pavlína ; Hasman, Jiří (advisor) ; Kostelecká, Yvona (referee)
Regional differentiation in perception of immigrants and immigration by students of secondary schools and its determinants Abstract This thesis deals with the relationship of Czech high school students with immigrants. The main goal of this work is to find out whether there are regional differences in the perception of immigrants by students of the secondary schools in the Czech Republic and to find out which factors can affect the perception of immigrants and their regional differentiation. Considering the actual situation in the world, the topic of this thesis is very up-to-date. It is necessary to be carefully prepared for the growth of the international migration to ensure smoother integration of migrants in the concerned countries. Many researches are addressing the international comparison of countries in the perspective of immigrants, but monitoring of national differences is really important and can tell us a lot about where the main causes of the problems are. Based on this opinion, I was studying the relationship of Czech society with immigrants. As a sample, I used students of high schools and vocational schools. As a main theoretical concept I choose contact hypothesis by Gordon Allport. Hypothesis is based on the assumption, that to prevent prejudice and conflicts between different groups of...
The effect of migration on electoral geography of populist-nationalist parties: the case of Freedom and Direct Democracy - Tomio Okamura party
Suchánek, Jonáš ; Hasman, Jiří (advisor) ; Maškarinec, Pavel (referee)
Analytical research of a migrant's presence in a certain location on election outcomes of populist-nationalist parties is a relatively new phenomena in the field of electoral geography. Media and political interest in migration and refugees has risen rapidly in the last few years and offers a broad opportunity for relevant scientific studies. This thesis stems from existing literature, that have studied such relation and focuses on the case of The Freedom and Direct Democracy - Tomio Okamura Party (SPD) and on the possible influence of the share of migrants on SPD's electoral support at two different scale levels (municipalities with authorized municipal offices and individual municipalities) during the 2017 parliamentary elections. Analysing the most important groups of migrants and additionally a formed group of migrants coming from countries with either dominant or significant Muslim native population can be considered as innovative. The main goal is to discover whether the election outcomes of SPD, which stands strongly opposed to migration, differ based on the share of migrants in a certain area, or if migration does not play any role at all. Furthermore, the electoral geography of SPD is compared to the of Tomio Okamura's former party - Dawn of Direct Democracy, whose rhetoric did not focus...
Geography of recent migration wave - from where, where to and why do refugees come?
Procházka, Ondřej ; Hasman, Jiří (advisor) ; Pavelková, Lenka (referee)
Geography of recent migration wave - from where, where to and why do refugees come? Abstract This bachelor thesis aims to find out what factors affect refugees when selecting an asylum destination country during the recent refugee and migrant wave. Potentially important factors are first selected on the basis of literature studies, and consequently their significance is quantitatively tested on the most important refugee flows. For clarity, individual factors are divided into four groups: cultural, economic, geographical and political factors. The analyzed set consists of paired data for the 20 most important source countries from different world regions and 31 destination countries that are members of the European Union, or the European Free Trade Association. The results confirmed the importance of colonial ties and of the same language, but some policy factors, such as social benefits in destination country, have also been shown to be important. The impact of economic factors was not confirmed as expected, but it was found neither for geographic factors, nor for migrant networks. Keywords: asylum destination choice; asylum seekers; international migration; refugee and migrant wave; refugees
Carpool as an alternative to the traditional ways of commuting examined by university students from Písek region commuting to Prague
Kozák, Vlastimil ; Jaroš, Václav (advisor) ; Hasman, Jiří (referee)
The bachelor thesis targets on the topic of carpooling. Under the term of a carpool-journey is understood an alternative to traditional means of transport. This topic has been mentioned in Czechia only marginally and has not been further researched. The thesis aims to get a closer look on carpooling and to cover it as a self-standing complex topic. Main aim is to define the term of carpooling, determine its types and in author's own questionnaire to identify basic principles which are specific for student's carpooling between Prague and the town of Písek. Outcomes of the questionnaire are discussed with literature. It is possible to divide carpooling into internal and external. Furthermore, it can be divided into formal and informal carpooling. The determining factor for a working carpool journey is motivation of participants which forms the carpool-journey's characteristics. Among others it is mainly saving money, saving time and comfort. Main barrier for carpooling is sharing a car with an unknown person. The thesis is an entrance gate into the topic of carpooling and there are a lot of further research possibilities.
Industrial Geography Transformation as a Consequence of the Industrial Revolution: Example of the Brewing Industry In Prague, 1869-1939
Sobota, Tomáš ; Hasman, Jiří (advisor) ; Janoušek, Zbyněk (referee)
Tomáš Sobota: Industrial Geography Transformation as a Consequence of the Industrial Revolution: Example of the Brewing Industry In Prague, 1869-1939 Abstract The aim of this bachelor thesis is to describe the general factors which influenced the development of the brewing industry in Prague between the years 1869 and 1939. A description and definition of factors influencing the brewing industry during that time period is in the theoretical part of this thesis. The general factors include the formation of cartels, redevelopment of the centre of Prague, the First World War and the Great Depression. This thesis also includes a description of the impact of breweries (founded after the year 1869) on other brewing companies. The empirical part of this thesis describes changes of spatial distribution of bier production during the period of interest. This is done by thematic maps and diagrams related to the issue. Keywords: Prague - brewing industry - industry - industrial revolution - geography
The impact of weather and season to the accessibility in mountain areas
Kroczek, Tomáš ; Jaroš, Václav (advisor) ; Hasman, Jiří (referee)
This Bachelor thesis evaluates the impact of weather and season (of the year) on transport accessibility in the mountainous areas. Thesis is focused on city of Vrchlabí. The thesis is based on data obtained by field survey using a standardized questionnaire. The survey sample was collected on (grammar/high) school. The survey basis was defined by commuting region of school students by comparison with the school region defined based on data from Census 2011. Subsequent case study describes the differences in accessibility, choice of transport mean and traffic behaviour caused by current season or weather. This thesis confirms the assumption, that the weather and season not only affect accessibility but also the transport behaviour of respondents. It provides insights that may affect the scheduling of public transport or construction of new bike lanes and safe walking routes. Keywords: accessibility, modal choice, transport behaviour, Vrchlabí, transport

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