National Repository of Grey Literature 143 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Active prostetic hand
Brenner, Maximilian ; Sekora, Jiří (referee) ; Harabiš, Vratislav (advisor)
BACKGROUND: Based on mainly vascular diseases and traumatic injuries, around 40,000 upper limb amputations are performed annually worldwide. The affected persons are strongly impaired in their physical abilities by such an intervention. Through myoelectric prostheses, affected persons are able to recover some of their abilities. METHODS: In order to control such prostheses, a system is to be developed by which electromyographic (EMG) measurements on the upper extremities can be carried out. The data obtained in this way should then be processed to recognize different gestures. These EMG measurements are to be performed by means of a suitable microcontroller and afterwards processed and classified by adequate software. Finally, a model or prototype of a hand is to be created, which is controlled by means of the acquired data. RESULTS: The signals from the upper extremities were picked up by four MyoWare sensors and transmitted to a computer via an Arduino Uno microcontroller. The Signals were processed in quantized time windows using Matlab. By means of a neural network, the gestures were recognized and displayed both graphically and by a prosthesis. The achieved recognition rate was up to 87% across all gestures. CONCLUSION: With an increasing number of gestures to be detected, the functionality of a neural network exceeds that of any fuzzy logic concerning classification accuracy. The recognition rates fluctuated between the individual gestures. This indicates that further fine tuning is needed to better train the classification software. However, it demonstrated that relatively cheap hardware can be used to create a control system for upper extremity prostheses.
Transitional motion analysis of the optically trapped particle in under-damped regime
Sűsserová, Martina ; Damková, Jana (referee) ; Harabiš, Vratislav (advisor)
The bachelor thesis deals with the analysis of the movement of optically trapped nanoparticles at low pressures and familiarizes with methods commonly used in these conditions. The practical part of this work was done in Matlab, where the undesirable signal interference was filtered out from the original data and their influence on the phase portraits of the acquired transients was analyzed. Furthermore, the damped oscillator parameters are obtained from the records of average trajectories and the distribution of position data during the transient compared with distribution of position data at stationary state by histograms.
Multifunctional monitoring belt
Dítě, Martin ; Milek, Jakub (referee) ; Harabiš, Vratislav (advisor)
The aim of this thesis is to develop a wireless monitoring belt based on literature review. The belt will be capable of scanning heart rate, respiratory rate, body temperature, motion, position, and falling of the user. Another aim is to also design a software for data reception and analysis focusing on pulse, respiratory rate, and temperature alarms.
MRI compatible optic fiber thermometer
Stibůrek, Miroslav ; Čučka, Milan (referee) ; Harabiš, Vratislav (advisor)
The following work deals with basics of fiber optics, history of fiber optics, and methods of measuring physical quantities with the use of fiber optic sensors. The work includes facts about physics, chemistry and biology - these elements are necessary for a full understanding of the issue. In order to create an optical fiber temperature sensor based on Fabry Perot resonator principle, several methods of manufacturing the optical cavity are investigated. A practical part of paper consist in the manufacturing of the miniature fiber thermometer, its coating and testing.
Application of pupillometry during measurement of the defocused curve
Musilová, Kateřina ; Harabiš, Vratislav (referee) ; Kolář, Radim (advisor)
The aim of this work is to design algorithm that will detect pupil from video. The theoretical knowledge necessary for proper pupil detection is also described in this master’s thesis. Detection is done on 24 videos that are converted to single images. The complete result the dependence of the pupil diameter on the used dioptre. The overall success rate of the algorithm is 88,13 %. The overall error is 11,87 %. For 17 out of 24 patients, it is confirmed that the greater the dioptre, the larger the pupil.
Segmentation of soft tissues in facial part of mouse embryos from X-ray computed microtomography data
Janštová, Michaela ; Harabiš, Vratislav (referee) ; Chmelík, Jiří (advisor)
This diploma thesis deals with a segmentation of soft tissues in facial part of mouse embryos in Matlab. Segmentation of soft tissues of mouse embryos was not fully automated and every case needs a specific solution. Solving parts of this issues can provide valuable data for evolutionary biologists. Issues about staining and segmentation techniques are described. On the basis of accessible literature otsu thresholding, region growing, k-means clustering and segmentation with atlas were tested. In the end of this paper are those methods tested and evaluated on 3D microtomography data.
Uninterruptible Power Supply
Mrázek, Petr ; Harabiš, Vratislav (referee) ; Sekora, Jiří (advisor)
The thesis deals with Uninterruptible Power Supply (UPS) and associated problems of backup power in case of unexpected outages of electricity. Start of work is dedicated to limitation of the electricity supplies, as well as their causes and consequences. Furthermore, brief history of UPS and subsequently distinguish between UPS’s architectures. There is also a description of the energy sources such as batteries, flywheels or fuel cells. Part of thesis describes security of electricity supply in health care facilities, including requirements for emergency power. The own design of UPS is described in the end.
Upgrade of extruder head for 3D bioprinting of thermolabile hydrogels
Kedroň, Kryštof ; Harabiš, Vratislav (referee) ; Jaroš, Josef (advisor)
3D bioprinting is a perspective method of tissue engineering, capable of creating tissue structures with physiological function and spatial arrangement. The thesis deals with the use of this method for printing thermolabile hydrogels. The main goal of the thesis is to extend the print head for 3D printing of thermolabile hydrogels. The theoretical part is devoted to the description of 3D bioprinting, especially the important properties that each material must meet to be able to print, there is also a review of used hydrogels in bioprinting, focusing on thermolabile, print modalities, the possibility of cooling the printhead and a description of the ideal equipment for printing of thermolabile hydrogels. The practical part deals with the design and realization of the print head for 3D printing of thermolabile hydrogels, in the last part the achieved results are evaluated and discussed.
Detection of optic disc from fundus camera sequences
Juráček, Radek ; Harabiš, Vratislav (referee) ; Hracho, Michal (advisor)
This bachelor thesis deals with optical disc detection in retinal images taken by an experimental video ophthalmoscope. At the beginning, it briefly describes the anatomy of the eyesight and retina, retinal disease and selected diagnostic methods of retinal imaging. There are described methods of detecting objects in the image, which are subsequently used in the practical part dealing with optical disc detection using Hough transformation and matched filtration. Proposed procedures were tested on a 100-image set. Hough Transformation Detection was successful in 64% of cases, matched filtration was successful in 44% of cases.
Detection of optic disc from fundus camera sequences
Juráček, Radek ; Harabiš, Vratislav (referee) ; Hracho, Michal (advisor)
This semestral thesis deals with shape detection in images and application of it for detection of optic disk in sequence of fundus camera images. It describes major features of the human eye and retinal diseases. Further the thesis discusses some methods of image preprocessing, segmentation and generalised Hough transform for fundus images which is the main work content for optic disc localization. Practical part describes the proposed methods for detection of optical disk based on a circular Hough transformation and adapted filtering. Method of adaptad filtering achieved median of overlap 59,1%, method using fast Hough transform algorithm achieved median of overlap 24,95%, method using clasic Hough transform algorithm achieved median of overlap 29,95%.

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