National Repository of Grey Literature 24 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Tracing the Being-in-common. The "Inoperative" in the Work of Jean-Luc Nancy and Fernand Deligny
Paul, Juliane ; Goddard, Jean-Christophe (advisor) ; Courret, Loreline (referee)
"Community does not refer to an accomplished work" notices Jean-Luc Nancy and disrupts thereby the classic conceptualisation of community, as Fernand Deligny does the same on his own terms. In this understanding, the concept of community does not refer to a political dimension, but firstly designates nothing other than the real position of existence. It results that the articulation of community does not go through the question of the "being of the community" but through the "community of being". Being is common to everybody, exposed each time in a singulary way. Being is nothing we 'own' together. Thereby it is impossible to think of community in terms of identity, that is to say as an identical substance with itself. That means for Jean- Luc Nancy, same as for Fernand Deligny, community always takes place at the very limit as an inoperated one. Key words: Being in common; Inoperated Community; Trace; Cartography; Communication; Arachean; Wander lines; Non-violence
Nicolas Berdiaev and the Theology of liberation: idea of a revolutionary Christianity.
Genieys, Hadrien ; Serban, Claudia (advisor) ; Goddard, Jean-Christophe (referee)
In this dissertation, the aim is to show the influence of Nicolas Berdiaev's philosophy on the Latin American movement of the Theology of Liberation. The goal is to clarify the meaning of what would mean a "revolutionary Christianity" from this theological movement. We try to show that they approach in an original way a certain number of phenomena. In the first chapter we try to characterize the notion of "structural sin". This allows us to show how sin becomes "institution" and "ideology". We try to provide a Christian analysis of the phenomenon of secularization and to show how the struggle against idolatry takes on the meaning, within this phenomenon, of fighting against the ideology of exclusion. In a second chapter we try to characterize the poor, victim of this ideology of exclusion as the "theological place" from which the Church must be established. This will lead us to reflect on what the "periphery" is and to think of a movement of "decentralization" of the Church. In the third and last part, we seek to clarify two historical dynamics that we call "teleological" and "eschatological" respectively. We then try to understand the Kingdom of God as the final object of the eschatological dynamic that we are trying to characterize, and we characterize the teleological dynamics as a cause and consequence...
The Principe of Governmentality and the Modern State. Hegel and Foucault on the Political Rationality
Dekanozishvili, Irakli ; Goddard, Jean-Christophe (advisor) ; Serban, Claudia (referee)
Our essay investigates the influence of Hegel on Foucault concerning to the modern state and the political rationality. In his course at College de France in 1978, Foucault employs a concept of "governmentality" to describe the means through which the administrative state forms and maintains itself. Political "governmentality" marks a passage from a territorial state to the state of population, referring to a rational knowledge that aims to govern the people through a new political structuration and new technologies of power. This important transformation consists of two doctrines: The reason of state and the theory of police. These doctrines allow Foucault to discover the rationality of the modern state, whose main purpose is respectively a perfect knowledge of state with its institutions and a growth of state power through the population. In Hegel's work, we find the rationality according to which the administrative state should be constituted and maintained. It is a domain of the objective spirit which, by overcoming of individual wills, arrives finally at universality and objectivity. This central process will not take place without the institutions which coordinate the private interests with collective imperatives and which provide a space for social intercomprehension. Despite the fact, that...
Hermeneutical Phenomenology of Performance. Based on the hermeneutical phenomenology of Hans-Georg Gadamer and Truth and Method
Ghasemi, Samira ; Goddard, Jean-Christophe (advisor) ; Serban, Claudia (referee)
The main subject of my MA thesis is the relationship between art, artist and the audience in the process of comprehension and creation of the meaning. I try to understand how a piece of art is created and interpreted. The thesis that I would like to defend in this research is the application of the hermeneutical phenomenology of Hans Georg Gadamer to performance. Key Words Art- Performance- Meaning- Phenomenology- Hermeneutics- Hermeneutical phenomenology- Schleiermacher- Heidegger- Darstellung (presentation) - Play- Transmutation- Mimesis- Mediation- Occasionnality- Temporality- Tradition- Prejudgment- Horizon- Dialogue
Demise in Perception. Walter Benjamin's dialectics of the Persona
Nolz, Philipp ; Goddard, Jean-Christophe (advisor) ; Klass, Tobias Nikolaus (referee)
Title: Demise in Perception Walter Benjamin's dialectic of the Persona Abstract: The present study understands itself as a contribution to the concept of the person in the work of Walter Benjamin, accenting this term in his earlier writings until 1928. The person or persona, rarely noted in current research, thereby appears to be a key concept of a dialectic philosophy of history, which not only meets the requirements of collecting the singularities in history, but manages to mediate them with and through their transindividual totality. Such a reading takes the task seriously to read Walter Benjamin through the philosophy of Benjamin and, by doing so, creates new possible alliances with some contemporary philosophical works (e.g. Gilles Deleuze). Keywords: Walter Benjamin ; philosophy of history ; theory of the subject ; Frankfurt school ;
Archaeology of Life in Merleau-Ponty and Canguilhem. Convergences from Critical Epistemology to Indirect Ontology
Tanguy, Semyon Vaclav Samuel ; Goddard, Jean-Christophe (advisor) ; Sibertin-Blanc, Guillaume (referee)
: In this research, i am investigating the validity of a divide coined by Foucault, between two philosophers, Canguilhem and Merleau-Ponty, on the basis of their philosophical orientation. The first one belongs to the "philosophy of the concept", while the other represents the "philosophy of the subject", and those two traditions, says Foucault, are "radically heterogeneous". I believe that this divide doesn't take into account that both Merleau-Ponty and Canguilhem are intending to tackle such an opposition between concept and subject by going back, using an archeological methodology, to its root. They both find it in a faulty comprehension of what the body, and more generally what the concept of "life" is, in their contemporary episteme, as it is seen through the scope of quantity and measurability. Working their way down from epistemology to ontology, they'll undermine this very scope by showing how quality and value stem from life itself, without the need for any kind of reflexive subject to postulate them, and are core categories for its understanding. Their ontology, indirect as it is, as life can only express itself through its anthropological situation, shows that before the "concept" or before the "subject", exists the "living", the "being-in-the-world", from which they both originate....
The undissolvable color. On Adorno's disclosing critique.
Stoel, Hendrik Lambert ; Goddard, Jean-Christophe (advisor) ; Klass, Tobias Nikolaus (referee)
The undissolvable colour - On Adorno's disclosing critique Abstract For a long time, the hermeneutical tradition and that of Critical Theory have been considered as antithetical. In the work of Theodor W. Adorno, a key representative of Critical Theory, both traditions coincide. The central thesis of this essay is that the meaning of 'critique' for Adorno can only be fully grasped if it is at the same time understood as an interpretation of social reality. This essay attempts to demonstrate that his critique is fundamentally a disclosing critique. In the light of this thesis, several aspects of Adorno's critique are examined and several problems delineated. Key words: Adorno, critique, interpretation, Critical Theory, praxis.
The Community According to Georges Bataille, Maurice Blanchot, and Jean-Luc Nancy: from The Politic to Art
Pourhosseini, Behrang ; Goddard, Jean-Christophe (advisor) ; Sibertin-Blanc, Guillaume (referee)
Given the difficulty of relying on the classical notions of political thought to refer to what is in common between human beings, we have seen from the 80s the emergence of a debate around the concept of « community » in the field of political philosophy. Out of all the philosophers who have talked about the question of community, three authors, Georges Bataille, Maurice Blanchot and Jean-Luc Nancy, have tried to analyze, in their own manner, the question of « the common » not only in the field of politics but also in the ontological field, as well as the aesthetic or literary field. For these authors, if the question of the community is primarily that of the relation, it's because « being » itself is defined as a relation or as a community. « Being » is always « being-with » or « being-together ». The community is based on the simple fact that one lives with others, and on the inclination of one to the other. What makes the common, which puts the beings in connection, is the fact that being tends to put itself out of itself, and that's what Bataille means by the notion of « ecstasy ». For our authors, love and literature are two decisive moments in the communal experience. Writing is the inherent element of community (communication). It is through writing that the exposure of individuals to the...
The feminine and the writing. From Nietzsche till Derrida and beyond
Jovanovic, Jasmina ; Francois, Arnaud (advisor) ; Goddard, Jean-Christophe (referee)
The feminine and the writing From Nietzsche till Derrida and beyond Abstract By means of the subtitle "From Nietzsche till Derrida and beyond" we allude allusion to the subtitle of Derrida's "The Post Card: From Socrates till Freud and beyond", but at the same time to what is at stake in the numerous "beyond" stated by every approach of a philosophical work. The writing experience itself is of great importance for us in that it is possible to distinguish a "personal dimension" (which we characterise using a neologism as "voicing" (voixante)) and a "professional dimension" (conceptual). Every work is in that sense a specific illustration of an internal singing, of a melody that can be brought in contact with life and not only turned towards life. It is precisely this voicing dimension of life the one who grants the longevity of a work as well as the trait of a method that differs from the one embodied in the written text (Socrates) or issued from an already constructed theoretical corpus (Freud). It is the mystery of the feminine that which draws the line that goes between Derrida, Nietzsche and Socrates: Socrates as the bearer of the feminine voice in his refusal of writing, Derrida as the seed-sower of the masculine voice in his writing. Nietzsche in-between. The sonority of silence in the writing...
Crust and magma: on Gilles Deleuze's notion of chaos
Arbaiza Rodriguez, Daniel ; Sibertin-Blanc, Guillaume (advisor) ; Goddard, Jean-Christophe (referee)
We proceed with an evaluation of the notion of chaos in Gilles Deleuze's thought, showing how it is found at the center of a problematic between matter and form shared by different domains of knowledge. In the first moment, we proceed with an analysis of the genesis of this problematic in the context of a critique of representation, in the following we will evaluate the relationship between matter and form from the point of view of a theory of the faculties, and finally, we will attempt to understand the relationship between intensive matter and creation for philosophy as well as painting. Title Crust and magma: on Gilles Deleuze's notion of chaos Key-words Chaos - Matter - Form - Difference - Creation 1

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