National Repository of Grey Literature 15 records found  1 - 10next  jump to record: Search took 0.00 seconds. 
The freezing of items and criminal proceeds and of substitute assets according to sections 79a - 79f of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Czech Republic
Vítková, Petra ; Říha, Jiří (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
1 The freezing of items and criminal proceeds and of substitute assets according to sections 79a - 79f of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Czech Republic The summary in English This thesis talks about the procedure of freezing of items being intended for using or being used for committing a criminal offence and of freezing of criminal proceeds and of freezing of substitute assets, according to sections 79a - 79f of the Code of Criminal Procedure of the Czech Republic. The topic is put in the frame of the Czech legal regulations, there is described the interpretation and the purpose of the available freezing tools. The meaning of basic expressions is explained more fully. There are indicated the differences between the individual tools used for freezing of assets in the Czech criminal procedure. The subject of basic human rights is highlighted, as well as high requirements asked for each procedure eligible to infringe them. The thesis answers the questions, what can be seized by using the procedure provided in the named provisions, how can it be done and who is the person responsible for such decision, including the procedure of objections and appeals (complaints). There is specified the time period in which is possible to let the asset frozen. The meaning of the used tool is explained especially with...
Line-up in criminal proceedings
Rešlová, Anna ; Pelc, Vladimír (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
Line - up in criminal proceedings Abstract This rigorous thesis deals with the topic of a police line-up in the context of criminal law, which is closely specified in the Section 104, subsection b) of Act No. 141/1961 Coll., On Criminal Procedure (Criminal Procedure Code). This thesis looks at the police line-up from the perspective of the criminal law as well as the investigation perspective, plus it points out several psychological aspects of this procedural act, namely the memory tracks. The goal of this rigorous thesis is to provide critical analysis of the current status of the police line-up from the statutory provisions point of view, as well as from the perspective of the correctness and efficiency of the procedures in place. The aim is to answer the question whether the de lege lata regulation meets the requirements of modern criminal procedural law. The first part of this thesis focuses on the police line-up as a special form of identification, including the issue of memory tracks including its unique features. Further, it covers understanding of the police line-up from the criminal law perspective, meaning it deals with the term "line-up" as such and with the historical development of this procedural act, including summary of several theoretical definitions that are the most often represented in...
Relationship between criminal and tax proceedings from the perspective of the ne bis in idem principle
Šimánová, Hana ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
Relationship between criminal and tax proceedings from the perspective of the ne bis in idem principle Abstract The thesis reflects upon the current case law of the European and national courts, which enables the possibility of both tax and criminal proceedings for the same act of the same person running simultaneously. The aim of the author is to compare both types of proceedings, analyse the relevant case law, and evaluate the consequences of its conclusions on the Czech legal order in the view of the ne bis in idem principle. The opening describes the criminal and tax proceedings, their main features, and principles governing them. Features common to both types of proceedings are noted (the ability to substantially infringe the human rights of individuals), as well as the most significant difference between them (particularly when the rules of evidence are concerned). The next part of the thesis is devoted to tax delicts, both those governed by the tax law (so called delicts against the remittance discipline and administrative delicts) and the criminal law. Tax criminal law is briefly described as well. Examination of the aim, purpose, and implementation of sanctions and the characteristics of the tax penalty, whose punitive nature deduced by the case law is crucial to the issues discussed, is given in...
Selected problems of corruption criminal offenses
Bednářová, Alexandra ; Říha, Jiří (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
Selected problems of corruption criminal offenses Abstract The rigorous thesis with the title "Selected problems of corruption offenses" analyzes bribery crimes as corruption criminal offenses with the focus on Accepting bribes (§ 333 of Criminal Code) Bribery (§ 332 CC) and Indirect bribery (§ 333 CC). The thesis includes apart from the legal analysis also other interdisciplinary perspectives such as criminology, sociology and economical approach, what brings about a more complete picture of this complex phenomenon. This presented analysis of bribery offenses is depicted within the context of its legislative developments, including its both International law and European law aspects and a brief legislative history on the sanctioning of bribery. The thesis also discusses the punishments of perpetrators of the corruption criminal offences including its developments. The thesis also contemplates other important relevant issues. In that respect the thesis presents a deeper insight into legal instruments such as the special provision for the temporary suspension of criminal prosecution (§ 159c CC) and the subsequent decision on the non-prosecution of the suspect (§ 159d CC), which serves as the alternative procedural instrument to the formerly effective intstrument of special pity. Further legal instrument that...
Wiretapping and Record of Telecommunication Traffic
Remerová, Šárka ; Galovcová, Ingrid (advisor) ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (referee)
This thesis deals with the legal framework and the use of wiretapping and record of telecommunication traffic, which is set under Section 88 in the Code of Criminal Procedure and the similar institute of survey of data about telecommunication traffic under Section 88a. The goal of the paper is to analyse valid legal framework, use of both institutes in real with accent on finding current problems and suggesting their solution. Wiretapping and survey of telecommunication data are institutes that serve to get information in criminal procedure and to take evidence, at the same time they are major interference to the basic human rights, particularly the privacy. However if the legal conditions are fulfilled, the interference is allowed. This constitutional aspect is examined in the thesis. Considering today's world full of modern technologies and the choice of remote communication both wiretap and survey of data are plentifully used. In accordance with that it is necessary to deal with the question of legitimacy of using both institutes, the question of how to order and execute them and also the possibilities of using the results of them as the evidence in criminal procedure. The thesis devotes to the important and recent judicature relating to legality of interference with the basic rights and the...
Criminal liability of legal entities and possibility of their exculpation through compliance programmes
Doležal, Michal ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
This master's thesis focuses on the topic of criminal liability of legal entities, particularly on the concept of exculpation within the meaning of Section 8 subsection 1 paragraph b) and subsection 5 of the Act No. 418/2011 Coll., Act on Criminal Liability of Legal Entities and Proceeding Against Them. The reason for our focus rests in fact that the legal rules regulating the concept of exculpation in this act are highly controversial among legal scholars and legal practitioners where there is usually no relevant case law providing answers for resolving such controversies so far. The aim of this thesis is to introduce to the domestic law a not very familiar instrument of a compliance program consisting of preventive, detective and reactive measures designed to prevent criminal behaviour within legal entities, to eventually detect such behaviour and to respond to such behaviour. Concurrently, an effective compliance program can fulfil conditions for the application of the exculpation provisions. Even though the focus of this thesis is on criminal liability of legal entities, it does not omit the context of administrative and civil liability. The thesis is divided into four chapters. The first chapter introduces the concept of criminal liability of legal entities in a broader historic, legal and...
The selected problems of juvenile justice
Stojanová, Klára ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
Název diplomové práce v anglickém jazyce, abstrakt v anglickém jazyce a klíčová slova Title of the thesis: The selected problems of juvenile justice Abstract This diploma thesis deals with the issue of criminal punishment of juveniles in the context of law and psychology in order to focus on the problematic areas of legal regulation, evaluate those areas and present proposals de lege ferenda in this context. The thesis is divided into three consecutive chapters. The first chapter deals with the selected legal regulation of the juvenile justice, especially with the emphasis on sanctioning the youth. More specifically, this chapter focuses on the models of dealing with delinquent youth, the principles of sanctioning juveniles, the sanction system, the problem of sanctioning of children under the age of 15 and the question of the age limit of criminal responsibility and its determination. At the end of the chapter the statistical data, which relate to the above-mentioned institutes, are presented. The second chapter is devoted to the psychological aspects of the juvenile justice. Within the framework of this chapter are gradually described selected basic issues of developmental psychology. In particular, the thesis deals with the general characteristics of the relevant development periods of the individual and...
Selected issues of proving in criminal proceedings
Polanský, Ivo ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
1 Abstract This thesis deals in particular with the analysis of the process of presentation of evidence in penal proceedings, its basic principles, as well as the constitutional limitations within which the evidence-making process should be carried out. However, some other questions, especially legal and philosophical ones that are directly related to the presentation of evidence in the penal or legal proceedings cannot be ignored. The chosen topic can undoubtedly be considered to be very topical. This is because the presentation of evidence in penal proceedings is, besides the decision-making process itself, the most important procedural activity carried out by the bodies responsible for penal proceedings and participated by other entities involved in the penal proceedings. The aim of this thesis is to give a brief and comprehensive overview of some specifically selected problems of presentation of evidence in penal proceedings. Naturally, with regard to the chosen topic and its scope, it is not possible to comprehensively process all the areas that are related to the issue of presentation of evidence. Chapter 5, 6 and 7 can be considered crucial to the thesis in question, as they provide, in particular, the analysis of existing evidence-making legislation in penal proceedings. The basic principles of...
Punishment of community service and its performance
Považan, Miroslav ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
Punishment of community service and its performance Abstract The aim of this thesis is to describe a current legilation on punishment of community service and thanks to it's desription together with the statistical data about this punishment from years 2013 to 2017 define problems that have a negative impact on its functioning. Other methods to reach this goal are comparison with the legislation in different european countries, focusing on activity of Probation and mediation service of the Czech Republic and overview of czech case law, which was defining for a current understanding of this punishment. First part of this thesis icludes definitions of key concepts that are necessary for understanding on how this punishment works and what it is based on. Second part of this thesis includes overview of the czech legislation related to punishment of community service and its performance and also an overview on how this legislation works in actual fact. Professional literature, opinions of judges, district attorneys and probation officers as well as my own notices were used to decribe its actual works on day to day basis. Third part of this thesis is showing statistical data about this punishment that comes from Probation a mediation service of the Czech Republic. These statistical data shows the number of files...
House arrest, its execution and control
Kolert, Pavel ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (advisor) ; Galovcová, Ingrid (referee)
House arrest, its execution and control Abstract The presented diploma thesis deals with the alternative punishment of house arrest. This punishment became the part of Czech penal system when the new Penal Code came into force on the first of January 2010. The aim of this diploma thesis is to summarize valid substantive and procedural legislation of this alternative punishment, to evaluate its advantages and disadvantages and to propose possible changes and improvements of weaknesses of current legislation. First three parts of this diploma thesis are focused on essential concepts, such as punishment, purpose of punishment and its functions, alternative punishments, their introducing to legal orders, negative aspects of custodial sentence and explanation of retributive and restorative conception of justice. Following parts are focused on issues related to valid legislation of house arrest punishment. These parts are major essence of the thesis. In the fourth part of this thesis there is analysed evolution of this punishment and there are described and explained requierements for this punishment. In this part there is also explained the essence and the content of house arrest and issues linked to house arrest execution. The fifth part is dealing with house arrest control and it is divided into two chapters....

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