National Repository of Grey Literature 279 records found  1 - 10nextend  jump to record: Search took 0.01 seconds. 
Principle nemo tenetur se ipsum accusare in criminal proceedings
Děček, Milan ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Ivor, Jaroslav (referee) ; Tlapák Navrátilová, Jana (referee)
Labor deals with the application of the principle of non-coercion to self-accusation in criminal proceedings, not only in the Czech Republic but also in other European countries and the USA. Partial results are obtained in particular by analyzing the case law of the European Court of Human Rights, the Constitutional Court of the Czech Republic and, not least, the work presented the views of the experts in the criminal process. Application of that principle is examined from different angles using various procedural acts when the argument was the same judgments inferred line between permissible and impermissible coercion from authorities involved in criminal proceedings. This limit is characterized by the activity of the accused to self- accusation, to which the accused may not be compelled under the threat of sanctions. The thesis deals with the historical development of the principle, its enactment in the valid law, but mainly with its application in the criminal proceedings. The application of this rule is examined not only for various types of testimony in criminal proceedings, but also for further evidence and procedural acts in criminal proceedings (recognition, issue / removal of the subject, identification, use of agent), as well as criminal prosecution of legal entities. The "nemo tenetur se...
Cybercriminality in area of cryptocurrencies
Jucovič, Adam ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
(english) This thesis deals with cybercriminality in area of cryptocurrencies. The thesis first of all describes basic terms, sources of law and issues of jurisdictions in area. Furthermore it deals with delineation of selected crimes commited in connection with cryptocurrencies. Part of the thesis focuses on issues with anonymity and proving. Key words Cybercriminality, Cryptocurrencies, Computer Criminality
The Role of the Public Prosecutor in the Court Proceedings
Řehák, Pavel ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
The Role of the Public Prosecutor in the Court Proceedings Abstract The purpose of this thesis is to comprehensively analyze issue of the public prosecutor and its role, especially in the court proceedings. The reason for my research is my personal interest regarding criminal law and problematics of the public prosecutors in general, as well as, in my opinion, the great importance of such topic, especially in the context of a long-term expert discussion on the considered conceptual changes of the relevant Czech legislation - the Criminal Procedure and the Public Prosecution Act. The thesis is composed of four major chapters, each of them dealing with different aspects of role of the public prosecutors. Chapter One is introductory and defines basic terminology used in the thesis and further the historical development and transformation of bodies of public action in two different legal systems - common law and civil law. Chapter Two provides an outline of Czech, French, English and Welsh, U.S. and international bodies of the public action, their placement in the system of national legal systems, organization and scope of activities. Also describes the issues regarding proposals to the new Czech Public Prosecution Act. Chapter Three examines relevant Czech legislation regarding public prosecutor and its role...
Diversions in criminal proceedings as one of the tools of restorative justice
Žáček, Jan ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
Subject of this rigorous thesis are diversions in the criminal proceedings, stemming from principles of restorative justice, i.e. diversions in a so-called narrow sense of word, which are connected with a certain educational affect on a defendant. Except for the Preamble and Closure, the thesis is structured into four basic parts and description of individual diversions is preceded by a historical excursus describing a crime and sentence, as well as the development of law and justice, eventually proposals of de lege ferenda formulated on the basis of results of the realized research follow. The first part is focused on description of a crime in the human society from the very beginning of its existence when a certain system of defensive mechanisms (sanctions) designed to defend the society against the acting endangering its functioning and commonality started to be created. This part deals with absolute and relative theories of a sentence, i.e. its retributive and regulative function, a concept of a crime in relation to juristic and sociological understanding of criminality. This chapter further analyses the concept of right and justice and outlines the vainness of searching for absolute justice, based on which any acting could be assessed as just or unjust, and a scientific view of the...
Basic principles of criminal proceedings and the right to a fair trial
Mulák, Jiří ; Jelínek, Jiří (advisor) ; Ivor, Jaroslav (referee) ; Gřivna, Tomáš (referee)
1 Basic principles of criminal proceedings and the right to a fair trial Abstract This dissertation deals with the basic principles of criminal proceedings from the point of view of the right to a fair trial. The basic principles of criminal proceedings are certain legal principles, the leading legal ideas underlying the criminal proceedings. They are a manifestation of a legal, political and legal philosophical approach to criminal proceedings. As a result, the basis on which the organization of criminal proceedings and the regulation of the activities of its bodies are built. They express the legislator's opinion on the most efficient organization of the criminal process. The meaning of the basic principles is mainly concentrated in their functions. The text of the thesis is divided into three major chapters, which are further divided into sub-capitals and sections. The second chapter is devoted to the conceptual definition of both the democratic state law and its attributes, the legal principle, and two basic models - the continental system and the adversary system. Then follows a chapter that deals in detail with the concept, meaning, functions and system of the fundamental principles of criminal proceedings. It also deals with exceptions to the basic principles, the classification, the nature of the...
Relationship between criminal and tax proceedings from the perspective of the ne bis in idem principle
Šimánová, Hana ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
Relationship between criminal and tax proceedings from the perspective of the ne bis in idem principle Abstract The thesis reflects upon the current case law of the European and national courts, which enables the possibility of both tax and criminal proceedings for the same act of the same person running simultaneously. The aim of the author is to compare both types of proceedings, analyse the relevant case law, and evaluate the consequences of its conclusions on the Czech legal order in the view of the ne bis in idem principle. The opening describes the criminal and tax proceedings, their main features, and principles governing them. Features common to both types of proceedings are noted (the ability to substantially infringe the human rights of individuals), as well as the most significant difference between them (particularly when the rules of evidence are concerned). The next part of the thesis is devoted to tax delicts, both those governed by the tax law (so called delicts against the remittance discipline and administrative delicts) and the criminal law. Tax criminal law is briefly described as well. Examination of the aim, purpose, and implementation of sanctions and the characteristics of the tax penalty, whose punitive nature deduced by the case law is crucial to the issues discussed, is given in...
Criminal and criminological aspects of stalking
Daniel, Tomáš ; Gřivna, Tomáš (advisor) ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (referee)
Title Criminal and criminological aspects of stalking Abstract Submitted rigorous thesis deals with the modern phenomenom of stalking. The aim of this academic paper is to present this issue comprehensively from both criminal and criminological aspects. This rigorous thesis consists of 16 chapters. These chapters can be divided into two large parts - criminal and criminological. Research of the problematics of stalking have got a rich tradition in foreign professional literature, we can find there also some empirical research studies. Furthermore, there are countries that haveissued relevant anti- stalking regulations already in the 90's of the 20th Century. On the contrary, in the Czech Republic, stalking was included as a part of Force of New Offence under the Czech Criminal Code no. 40/2009only in 2010. In criminological part of this rigorous thesis I apply general knowledge from forensic psychology, psychiatry, sociology and other social sciences. Moreover, I illustrate the cases on real-life examples. First chapters are dedicated to present all key characteristic features of stalking, its historical context and to cover the selected empirical reasearches about this complex issue. Furthermore, I analyse some aspects of stalking where science examination does not pay attetion. I study the causesbehind...
Omissions in Criminal Law
Kučera, Pavel ; Šámal, Pavel (advisor) ; Ivor, Jaroslav (referee) ; Gřivna, Tomáš (referee)
Omissions in Crimial Law Abstract The submitted thesis represents a relatively comprehensive, and given the contemporary state of the domestic criminal law theory, also a quite complex elaboration of questions associated with the phenomenon of omission in criminal law. From my point of view, the text itself deals with all significant problems related to criminal liability for omissive conduct. This concerns in particular the subject matter associated with the institution of omission within the doctrine of substantive criminal law, the term of omission in criminal law and the reason and historical evolution of criminalization of omission. Furthermore, the thesis deals with the individual types of criminal omissions and questions associated therewith, including a note of the differences between the traditional dual distinction on the one hand and the newer triple distinction of criminal omissions on the other, while comprising the emphasis of shortcomings of the traditional approach and the advantages of the newer concept. Saying that, in the most part the thesis focuses on the newer approach towards criminal liability for omission and it describes the foundation points thereof in great detail, since I consider it to be the key subject of this dissertation. I also comment on the very important subject of...
The Principle of Subsidiarity of Criminal Repression
Drobílek, Michal ; Šámal, Pavel (advisor) ; Gřivna, Tomáš (referee)
The Principle of Subsidiarity of Criminal Repression Abstract This Master's Thesis deals with the principle of subsidiarity of criminal repression, one of the basic principles of substantive criminal law, which was first enacted in the Czech criminal law as lately as in the new 2009 Criminal Code. The principle of subsidiarity of criminal repression is expressed by the fact that the means of criminal law can be applied only in socially harmful cases where the application of criminal liability is not sufficient under another legal enactment. Simultaneously, this principle of subsidiarity of criminal repression expresses the nature of criminal law as a means of the ultima ratio, i.e. the ultimate solution. After the introduction of the functions and purpose of the criminal law itself in terms of historical development and present, an analysis of the valid legal regulation of the principle of the subsidiarity of criminal repression is presented. Adoption of the principle of the subsidiarity of criminal repression into the new Criminal Code has led to an unprecedented wide-ranging discussion of its importance in criminal law, especially its impact on the issues of the basis of criminal liability. The problems often mentioned in this discussion are in particular dealt with in the chapter on the concept of crime,...
The Crime of Theft under s. 205 of the Criminal Code
Vrzalová, Jana ; Bohuslav, Lukáš (advisor) ; Gřivna, Tomáš (referee)
This thesis deals with an offence of Theft under s. 205 of the Act No. 140/2008 Coll. Criminal Code. The purpose of this thesis is to analyse the offence of Theft as the most often offence in the Czech Republic common the current legislation de lege lata. It also outlines the proposal for possible amendments de lege ferenda and draws attention to problematic provisions of effective legislation. This study is divided into five main chapters; each of them consists of separate subchapters. The introductory part defines the basic legal institutes related to the Theft and the institutes of other law-related fields dealing with property protection. Chapter two is the main part of this thesis which includes the analysis of the current legislation firstly in general terms and then specifically only in relation to the crime of Theft. There are obligatory and facultative the characteristics of the merits of a criminal offence, ie the object, actus rea, the subject and the mens rea. Further the chapter deals with the second paragraph of the crime of Theft which establishes the second merits of a Theft, namely the punishment of the recidivism. The conclusion of this section deals with particularly aggravating circumstances. The following chapter illustrates similar criminal offences that have several common...

National Repository of Grey Literature : 279 records found   1 - 10nextend  jump to record:
Interested in being notified about new results for this query?
Subscribe to the RSS feed.