National Repository of Grey Literature 6 records found  Search took 0.00 seconds. 
Nanodiamonds as an innovative system for intracellular delivery of mirna-34a inprostatic cancer therapy
Bitti, G. ; Abate, M. ; Neuhoferová, Eva ; Kindermann, Marek ; Petráková, V. ; Boccellino, M. ; Quagliuolo, L. ; Filová, Eva ; Benson, Veronika ; Caraglia, M. ; Amler, Evžen
The microRNA(miRNA)-34a is an important regulator of tumor suppression. It controls the expression of several target proteins involved in cell cycle, differentiation and apoptosis, and antagonizes processes that are necessary for basic cancer cell viability as well as cancer stemness, metastasis, and chemoresistance. It is downregulated in numerous cancer types, including prostatic cancer, and inhibits malignant growth by repressing genes involved in various oncogenic signaling pathways. Given the anti-oncogenic activity of miR-34a, here we proved the substantial benefits of a new therapeutic concept based on nanotechnology delivery of miRNA mimics. In order to monitor the miRNA-34a replacement, we used a fluorescent nanodiamond particles (FND) system with linked miRNA-34a mimic, which was delivered to PC3 and DU145 prostatic cancer cell lines. We used functionalized nanodiamonds coated with polyethylenimine to transfer miRNA-34a into PC3 and DU145 prostatic cancer cell lines and we measured the zeta-potential of these complexes before using them for in vitro experiments. A replacement of miRNA-34 was observed by monitoring levels of miRNA-34 via real-time PCR. Moreover, our in vitro experiments demonstrated that miRNA-34a replacement, using this FND delivery system, decreased viability and induced apoptosis in prostatic cancer cell lines. Our findings suggest the replacement of oncosuppressor miRNA-34a provides an effective strategy for cancer therapy and the FND-based delivery systems seems to be an excellent strategy for a safe and effective targeting of the tumor.
Mesenchymal stromal cells and biological scaffolds for neural tissue regeneration
Kočí, Zuzana ; Kubinová, Šárka (advisor) ; Filová, Eva (referee) ; Zach, Petr (referee)
Despite tremendous progress in medicine, injuries of the adult central neural system remain without satisfactory solution. Regenerative medicine employs tissue engineering, cellular therapies, medical devices, gene therapy, or growth factors with the aim to bridge the lesion, re-establish lost connections and enhance endogenous repair in order to restore neural function. The aim of my thesis was to evaluate therapeutic potential of two approaches, transplantation of human mesenchymal stromal cells (hMSCs) and biological scaffolds derived from extracellular matrix (ECM) for neural regeneration, particularly in models of spinal cord injury (SCI). First, hMSCs from various sources - bone marrow (BM), adipose tissue (AT) and Wharton's jelly (WJ) - were isolated and characterized in vitro. All cell types met the minimal criteria for MSC phenotype and displayed similar properties in terms of their surface marker expression, differentiation potential, migratory capacity, and secretion of cytokines and growth factors. On the other hand, the cell yield from WJ and AT was significantly higher, and MSCs isolated from these tissues proliferated better than from BM. Therapeutic effect of intrathecal application of hWJ-MSCs was then evaluated in SCI compression model in rats. The effect of low (0.5 million) and...
Learning styles of students of English in Higher Education
This thesis is concerned with learning styles of students of English at Faculty of Education of the University of South Bohemia in České Budějovice. Its aim is to find out whether the students are aware of their perceptual learning style (auditory, visual, kinesthetic), which activities they use to encourage English language development (watching films or reading books in English, listening music, practising language on the Internet,), which type of environment they prefer and whether they are satisfied with teaching styles of their professors. A specifically made non-standardized questionnaire is used as a method of research. The thesis is traditionally divided into theoretical and practical parts. The theoretical part deals with a profile of basic terms related to the topic, classification of learning styles and possible ways of their diagnostics. The practical part is focused on the analysis of questionnaire research, whose findings are graphically demonstrated in diagrams with comments.
Functionalized nanofibers for accelerated regeneration of soft tissues
Bazikov, Philipp ; Filová, Eva (advisor) ; Krulová, Magdaléna (referee)
To improve the regeneration of soft tissues, wound coatings were developed, containing nanofibres, different in composition and functional features. The work concentrates on chitosan and composite scaffolds containing chitosan. Porous nanofiber materials based on chitosan are the most promising nanofibers for the regeneration of soft tissues. Chitosan exhibits pH-sensitive behavior due to the large number of amino groups on its chains, which makes chitosan nanofibers promising carriers for the delivery of macromolecules. To increase the efficiency and accelerate the regeneration of soft tissues, nanofibers are functionalized with bioactive substances of various types: antimicrobial, analgesic, growth factors, etc., as well as functional polymers. To stabilize nanofibers and to improve the physical characteristics, treatment using glutaraldehyde, glyoxal, genipin or heat treatment are used. Chitosan is used to inhibit fibroplasia during wound healing and to promote tissue growth and differentiation in tissue culture. The efficiency of antibacterial activity of chitin-glucan complex with nanofibers for wound healing was shown. Reconstruction of deeper wounds, in which skin and soft tissues are damaged, requires measures for spatial reconstruction and stimulation of regeneration processes in the...
Adhesion, growth and differentiation of osteoblast-like cells on materials for bone implants
Doubková, Martina ; Bačáková, Lucie (advisor) ; Filová, Eva (referee)
This thesis focuses on testing and improving Ti-6Al-4V ELI biomaterials, which are currently one of the most used titanium alloys in biomedicine (predominantly in orthopaedics and dentistry), in cooperation with research institutions and private companies developing and producing such materials. The metallic samples were previously modified by plasma electrolytic oxidation (PEO) with use of electrolytes of a different composition to induce development of a homogeneous TiO2 layer on its surface. In vitro interactions of human osteoblast-like cell line Saos-2 with the surface of Ti-6Al-4V ELI alloy samples are investigated. Initial cell attachment, spreading, morphology, cell population density, viability, calcium deposition and expression of selected osteogenic markers, e.g. collagen type I, alkaline phosphatase and osteocalcin, were evaluated on cultured cells. The cells behavior were then correlated with physicochemical properties of the material surface, such as its topography, roughness, wettability, surface layer chemical composition etc. The results are also compared with those obtained in cells cultured on control samples of untreated alloys as well as microscopic glass coverslips and bottom of standard polystyrene cell culture wells. The aim of this thesis is to select the most promising...
Cartilage regeneration using peroral supplementation and artificial scaffolds
Filová, Eva ; Amler, Evžen (advisor) ; Jebavý, Lukáš (referee) ; Otáhal, Stanislav (referee) ; Tománková, Kateřina (referee)
Cartilage can regenerate only in a limited extend. The aim of the study was to enhance hyaline cartilage regeneration using peroral supplementation of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs) and antioxidants, or using artificial scaffolds seeded with autologous cells. Scaffolds seeded with chondrocytes or mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) have a potential for treatment of cartilage defects. For the complex characterization of biomechanical properties of scaffold, we developed the novel shock dynamic method. Subsequently, the composite hyaluronate-type I collagen-fibrin scaffold with the viscoelastic properties and dynamic loading response similar to the native cartilage was developed. The composite scaffold was then used for osteochondral regeneration and physeal cartilage regeneration. The effect of peroral supplementation of GAGs and antioxidants (vitamin E/selenium) on the regeneration of osteochondral defects was investigated in rabbits. After introduction of defined osteochondral defects in the knee joint, groups of ten animals were given a GAG/vitamin E/selenium mixture or a placebo (milk sugar) for 6 weeks. The amount of sulfated GAGs in the osteochondral regenerates was significantly higher in the GAG group. In both groups, the GAG amount in the cartilage of the operated knee was significantly higher than in the...

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2 Filová, Elena
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